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Gonzalo Suárez Rendón (ca. 1503, Málaga, Castile - 1590 (or 1583),[2] Tunja, New Kingdom of Granada) was a Spanish conquistador, known as the founder of the capital of Boyacá; Tunja. He took part in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca, led by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and later under his brother Hernán Pérez de Quesada. On August 6, 1539, he founded Tunja, the former seat of the zaque of Hunza, as Tunja was called in the time of the Muisca.[1]

Gonzalo Suárez Rendón
Catedral-Tunja TumbaFundador.jpg
Tomb of Suárez Rendón in the Cathedral of Tunja
Born ~1503
Málaga, Castile
Died 1590 (or 1583)
Tunja, New Kingdom of Granada
Burial place Cathedral of Tunja
Monuments Casa Fundador Gonzalo Suárez Rendón
Residence Tunja
Nationality Castilian
Occupation Conquistador
Years active 1536-1539
Employer Spanish Crown
Known for Spanish conquest of the Muisca
Founder of Tunja
Spouse(s) Mencia de Figueroa y Godoy
Children 2 sons: Nicolas & Miguel Suárez de Figueroa
2 daughters: Isabel de Godoy & María de la Trinidad Suárez de Figueroa
Parents
  • Rodrigo Suárez Rendón de Jerez (father)
  • Isabel Jiménez Suárez (mother)
Relatives Rodrigo Sabariego Suárez Rendón (brother)
María Suárez Rendón (sister)
Signature
Casa del fundador 2.JPG
Notes

Gonzalo Suárez Rendón is mentioned in the work of uncertain authorship Epítome de la conquista del Nuevo Reino de Granada as "Suarex".[4]

Contents

BiographyEdit

Gonzalo Suárez Rendón was born around 1503 in the Andalusian city of Málaga with parents Rodrigo Suárez Rendón de Jerez and Isabel Jiménez, or Ximénez, Suárez. He had one brother and one sister; Rodrigo Sabariego Suárez Rendón and María Suárez Rendón. He married Mencia de Figueroa y Godoy in 1563 and the couple got four children; two sons and two daughters.[2][3]

Together with Hernán Pérez de Quesada and Gonzalo García Zorro, Suárez Rendón was one of the torturers of the last zipa Sagipa.[5]

House in TunjaEdit

The house built by Gonzalo Suárez Rendón (Casa del Fundador Gonzalo Suárez Rendón) between August 7, 1539, the day after the foundation of Tunja, and 1570, still exists as oldest colonial building of Tunja and only remaining house of a colonial city founder in Latin America, and is a museum since 1965.[6]

TriviaEdit

  • The Suárez River, the river the conquistadors followed to reach the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in early 1537, is named after Gonzalo Suárez Rendón when his horse drowned in the rapidly growing waters[7]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b (in Spanish) List of conquistadors led by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada - Banco de la República
  2. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Biography Gonzalo Suárez Rendón
  3. ^ a b (in Spanish) Gonzalo Suárez Rendón - Geni
  4. ^ Epítome, p.82
  5. ^ Rodríguez Freyle, 1638, p.84
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Casa Gonzalo Suárez Rendón
  7. ^ (in Spanish) Río Suárez foco de infección - El Tiempo

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit