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King Gongyang of Goryeo (9 March 1345 – 17 May 1394, r. 1389 – 1392) was the 34th and final ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was deposed by Yi Seonggye, who then established the Joseon Dynasty.

King Gongyang of Goryeo
고려 공양왕
King of Goryeo
Reign1389 – 1392
PredecessorChang of Goryeo
SuccessorTaejo of Joseon as King of Joseon
Born9 March 1345
Died17 May 1394 (1394-05-18) (aged 49)
ConsortRoyal Consort Sun-Bi
IssueCrown Prince Jeongseong
Princess Suknyeong
Princess Jeongshin
Princess Gyeeonghwa
Posthumous name
공양왕
恭讓王
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherWang Gyun, Grand Prince Jeongwon
MotherGrand Princess Samhanguk
ReligionBuddhism
Gongyang of Goryeo
Hangul
공양왕
Hanja
恭讓王
Revised RomanizationGongyang Wang
McCune–ReischauerKongyang Wang
Birth name
Hangul
왕요
Hanja
王瑤
Revised RomanizationWang Yo
McCune–ReischauerWang Yo

Contents

BiographyEdit

King Gongyang was a seventh-generation descendant of Sinjong of Goryeo, and the son of Wang Gyun. He married the daughter of No Chaek, Sun-bi of the No clan. In 1389, Yi Seonggye's supporters forced King Chang from the throne and enthroned King Gongyang in his stead. This faction went on to oversee the events of King Gongyang's brief reign, including the assassinations of King Gongyang's predecessors, King U and King Chang.

After the murder of Jeong Mong-ju, the last major supporter of the Goryeo kings, King Gongyang was deposed and the Goryeo dynasty came to the end. He was at first exiled to Wonju, then went to Samcheok where he died.

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Wang Gyun, Grand Prince Jeongwon (정원부원군 왕균)
    • Grandfather: Wang Yu, Prince Sunhwa (? – 1360) (순화후 왕유)
    • Grandmother: Princess Consort Mahanguk of the Shin clan (마한국명예비 신씨)
  • Mother: Grand Princess Samhanguk of the Kaesong Wang clan (삼한국대비 왕씨)
    • Grandfather: Wang Hun, Grand Prince Yeondeok (연덕대군 왕훈)
    • Grandmother: Lady Anui of the Jo clan (안의비 조씨)
  • Consorts:
  1. Royal Consort Sun-Bi of the Gyoha No clan (? – 1394) (순비 노씨)
    1. Wang Seok, Crown Prince Jeongseong (? – 1394) (정성군 왕석)
    2. Princess Suknyeong (숙녕궁주)
    3. Princess Jeongshin (? – 1421) (정신궁주)
    4. Princess Gyeeonghwa (경화궁주)

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 공양왕 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Gongyang of Goryeo
Born: 9 March 1345 Died: 17 May 1394
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Chang
King of Goryeo
1389–1392
Succeeded by
none