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Gonabad (Persian: گناباد‎, also Romanized as Gonābād; also known as Gūnābād; formerly Janābaz)[2] is a city and capital of Gonabad County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 36,367, in 10,389 families.[3] Jūymand is an affluent northern district/suburb of Gonabad.


Gonabad is located in Iran
Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 58°41′01″E / 34.35278°N 58.68361°E / 34.35278; 58.68361Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 58°41′01″E / 34.35278°N 58.68361°E / 34.35278; 58.68361
Country Iran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
 (2016 Census)
 • Total40,773 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Gonabad at GEOnet Names Server

It is mostly well-known because of the Gonabadi Dervishes and for its qanats, also known as kareez. It is one of the most important producers of saffron in Iran. Other agricultural products include: Grape, Pistachio and pomegranate.

The famous ancient war of 12 rokh had happened between Iran and Turan (Central Asia) in this city on the castle of Zeebad.

The city contains the cemetery for the Ni'matullāhī Gonabadi dervish order located in Beydokht.[4]

Reiab (Persian: رياب‎, also Romanized as Rīāb)is a Historical village in Howmeh Rural District, in the Central District of Gonabad County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 623, in 198 families.


Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. Qanats of Uroune, Moun, Chahak and Shirin as registered in world heritage site (administered by UNESCO) are among these Qanats.

They contain 427 water wells with a length of 33113 meters and have been constructed based on different sciences like physics, geology and hydraulics and made it possible for the inhabitants to live in such a dry land with low rainfall.[5]

Climate and geographyEdit

Gonabad is located in a plate aria on the north of the Brakoh mountain or Kūh-e Tīr Māhī [6]

Kūh-e Tīr MāhīZibad Gonabad


  1. ^
  2. ^ Gonabad can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064774" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ Esfandiari, Golnaz (12 October 2006) "Iran: Local Authorities Try To Evict Sufi Leader" Radio Free Europe
  5. ^ Qanats of Gonabad-World Heritage
  6. ^ [Geography and tribes and minorities in khorasan,Mohammad Ajam, research published 1992,university of Imam Sadegh,Tehran.]