Gundisalvus of Amarante
Gundisalvus of Amarante (Portuguese: Gonçalo de Amarante; 1187 - 10 January 1259) was a Portuguese Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Order of Preachers. He became a Dominican friar and hermit after his return from a long pilgrimage that took him to both Rome and to Jerusalem. He became noted as a wonderworker who made miracles occur and he was known for his solitude and silence in reflection in order to better achieve communication with God.
Arriconha, Tagilde, Vizela, Portugal
|Died||10 January 1259 (aged 71)|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||16 September 1561, Saint Peter's Basilica, Papal States by Pope Pius IV|
His beatification received approval in late 1561 under Pope Pius IV.
He was devoted to Jesus Christ in his childhood and decided to become a priest. He later received his ordination from the Archbishop of Braga after the successful completion of his studies and distributed his great wealth to his nephews. The new priest spent time in his parish of Saint Paio de Vizela and obtained leave so as to go to visit Rome and Jerusalem while leaving his priest nephew in charge of his parish. It was held that he returned from the pilgrimage after just over a decade. He visited the tombs of Saint Peter and Saint Paul before going to Jerusalem via ship.
Gundisalvus returned to find that austere measures he now upheld in his life were something that his nephew did not welcome and who set a dog upon him while viewing him as nothing more than a vagrant. Discernment led Gundisalvus to the Order of Preachers to which he was admitted into and he was allowed to live as a hermit who was in the service of his local people. He built a bridge himself over the Tâmega River. The workers who helped build the bridge once ran out of wine leading him to smack a rock with his stick causing it to split open with wine pouring out of it. On another occasion the workers ran out of food and he went to the water and called out promoting fish to jump onto the river bank providing the workers with food.
He died in 1259.
The so-called "Bolos de São Gonçalo" (associated as promoting fertileness and fruitfulness) are associated with Amarante. The reason for the association with the name of Gonçalo is disputed and obscure.
Pope Pius IV beatified him on 16 September 1561. But Pope Julius III had before on 24 April 1551 allowed for public worship in his name in Portugal though did not allow his beatification at that time. Pope Clement X - after the beatification - extended his public worship with a Mass and Divine Office to Portugal and the entire Dominican order.