Gogebic County Courthouse

The Gogebic County Courthouse is a government building located on North Moore Street in Bessemer, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981[1] and designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1971.[2]

Gogebic County Courthouse
Gogebic County Courthouse.JPG
Gogebic County Courthouse, July 2014
Gogebic County Courthouse is located in Michigan
Gogebic County Courthouse
Gogebic County Courthouse is located in the United States
Gogebic County Courthouse
Location200 N. Moore St.
Bessemer, Michigan
Coordinates46°28′56″N 90°3′11″W / 46.48222°N 90.05306°W / 46.48222; -90.05306Coordinates: 46°28′56″N 90°3′11″W / 46.48222°N 90.05306°W / 46.48222; -90.05306
Arealess than one acre
Built1888
Built byHerman Gundlach
ArchitectCharlton and Kuenzli
Architectural styleRomanesque
NRHP reference No.81000306[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 8, 1981
Designated MSHSDecember 10, 1971[2]

HistoryEdit

Gogebic County was split from Ontonagon County in 1887.[3] The county immediately started work on a courthouse, jail, and sheriff's office.[3] The buildings were designed by the firm of Charlton and Kuenzli, and constructed in 1888 for $50,000 by contractor Herman Gundlach.[3]

The courthouse was enlarged in 1915.[3] In 1974, the original jail and sheriff's office were demolished and replaced,[3] and an elevator tower and annex to the courthouse were constructed.[2]

 
Gogebic County Courthouse, c. 1920

SignificanceEdit

The Gogebic County Courthouse symbolizes the cooperative effort of individuals, industries, and skilled workers in the Bessemer area in constructing a finely crafted building.[2] It is a regional landmark, built when Gogebic County was a booming mining area, and reflects the economic prosperity of the times and the enthusiasm of county residents at a time when Gogebic County was a newly created political entity.[2]

DescriptionEdit

The Gogebic County Courthouse is a rectangular Romanesque red sandstone building, two stories tall with a full basement.[2] It has a hipped roof and a four-story square tower on the front facade. The entrance is through a carved, round arched entryway in the base of the tower. Farther up the tower are rectangular windows with transoms, surrounded by carved stone, and a porthole window. A dentilated cornice runs around the roofline of the building.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Gogebic County Courthouse". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e John Fedynsky (2010), Michigan's County Courthouses, University of Michigan Press, pp. 59–60, ISBN 978-0-472-11728-4