Goesharde Frisian

Goesharde Frisian (North Frisian: Gooshiirder, German: Goesharder Friesisch) is a collective term for three of the ten dialects of the North Frisian language. Goesharde Frisian is spoken in the historical Goesharde region north of Husum. The three distinct dialects are Northern, Central and Southern Goesharde Frisian. The latter became extinct with the death of the two last speakers in 1980 and 1981 in Hattstedt.[3] Central Goesharde Frisian is therefore now the southernmost dialect of mainland North Frisian. The most important Northern Goesharde dialects the two local varieties the villages Langenhorn (Hoorninger Fräisch) and Ockholm (Hoolmer Freesch).[4]

Goesharde Frisian
Gooshiirder
Native toGermany
RegionGoesharde, Nordfriesland
Dialects
  • Northern
  • Central
  • Southern
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolognord1237[1]
Linguasphere52-ACA-eai to 52-ACA-eak[2]
NordfriesischeDialekte.png
North Frisian dialects

GrammarEdit

VerbsEdit

Below are some common verbs in the Ockholm variant of Goesharde Frisian.

Be Have
infinitive wee'e heewe
past participle wään heeft
person present
1sg bän hääw
2sg bäst hääst
3sg äs heet
plural sän hääwe
person past
1 & 3sg wås häi
2sg weerst häist
pl weern häin

Current situationEdit

The two remaining dialects of Goesharde Frisian are also threatened by acute extinction. Already in the early 20th century only Ockholm in the Northern Goesharde region had been identified as a "truly Frisian" village with a majority of Frisian-speaking households and children. Also the Central Goesharde Frisian is severely threatened.[5] In 2006 the last local speaker died in Bohmstedt and only few speakers are remaining in Drelsdorf.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Norder-Mittelgoesharde". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ "g" (PDF). The Linguasphere Register. p. 170. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b Århammar, Nils (October–December 2007). Munske, Horst Haider (ed.). "Das Nordfriesische, eine bedrohte Minderheitensprache in zehn Dialekten: eine Bestandsaufnahme". Sterben die Dialekte aus? Vorträge am Interdisziplinären Zentrum für Dialektforschung an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (in German). University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ Jörgensen, V. Tams (1981): Kleines friesisches Wörterbuch der Nordergoesharder Mundart von Ockholm und Langenhorn. Huuchtjüsch-Freesch/Fräisch. Bredstedt/Bräist.
  5. ^ Laabs, Ingo (2009). "Der deutsch-nordfriesische Sprachkontakt". In Stolz, Christel (ed.). Neben Deutsch: Die autochthonen Minderheiten- und Regionalsprachen Deutschlands (in German). Universitätsverlag Brockmeyer. p. 26. ISBN 978-3-8196-0730-1.