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|• Type||Federal democracy|
|• Total||8.59 km2 (3.32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||87 m (285 ft)|
|• Density||5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)|
|Languages (*For language details see Godda (community development block)#Language and religion)|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||JH17 Jha04111993 / [ BR36 ? (Discontinued )]|
As a consequence of the Santhal rebellion of 1845-55 the district of Santhal Paragna was created from portions of Bhagalpur and Birbhum. Godda was a part of undivided Santhal Pargana district until 1981 census. Later, the old Godda sub-division of Santhal Pargana was separated and formed as a new district. The district of Godda was created on 17 May 1983 out of old Santhal Pargana district which was upgraded to the level of division. Godda(M), the only one town of the district, is the headquarters of Godda district, Godda subdivision and Godda block.
Godda is located at  It has an average elevation of 77 metres (252 feet). Godda came into existence as the 55th district of undivided Bihar on 25 May 1983. After the bifurcation of Bihar into Jharkhand state on 15 November 2000, it was one of 18 districts of Jharkhand. National Highway 133 (NH-133) passes through the city of Godda..
The map shows a hilly area with the Rajmahal hills running from the bank of the Ganges in the extreme north to south, beyond the area covered by the map into Dumka district. ‘Farakka’ is marked on the map and that is where Farakka Barrage is, just inside West Bengal. Rajmahal coalfield is shown in the map. The entire area is overwhelmingly rural with only small pockets of urbanisation.
Note: The full screen map is interesting. All places marked on the map are linked and you can easily move on to another page of your choice. Enlarge the map to see what else is there – one gets railway links, many more road links and so on.
|Population of Godda|
According to the 2011 Census of India, Godda had a total population of 48,480, of which 25,707 (53%) were males and 22,773 (47%) were females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 6,745. The total number of literate persons in Godda was 4,1735 (84.30% of the population over 6 years).
According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Godda, Godda covered an area of 8.59 km2. Panjwara Road railway station on the Dumka-Bhagalpur line is 20 km away. Among the civic amenities, it had 17.1 km roads with open drains, the protected water supply involved hand pump, uncovered well. It had 7,319 domestic electric connections, 350 road light points. Among the medical facilities, it had 4 hospitals, 3 dispensaries, 3 health centres, 1 family welfare centre, 1 maternity and child welfare centre, 1 maternity home, 1 TB hospital/ clinic, 1 nursing home, 4 charitable hospital/ nursing homes, 1 veterinary hospital, 12 medicine shops. Among the educational facilities it had 34 primary schools, 25 middle schools, 6 secondary schools, 5 senior secondary schools, 2 general degree colleges, 1 non-formal education centre (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan). Among the social, cultural and recreational facilities, it had 1 orphanage home, 1 stadium, 1 cinema/ theatre, 1 auditorium/ community hall, 1 public library, 1 reading room. Two important commodities it produced were pattal (leaf plates), furniture. It had the branch offices of 12 nationalised banks, 2 private commercial banks, 1 cooperative bank.
Agriculture is predominant in the region and rice, wheat and maize are the main crops grown here, along with vegetables, linseeds and sugarcane. Fruits like mango, banana, jack fruit, plum grown in the region. Some small & middle scale industries are also present in Godda.
Rajmahal Coal Mining.Ltd, a subsidiary of Aditya Birla Groups operates the mine of Eastern Coalfields at Mahagama. Lalmatia Colliery of ECL is one of the oldest and biggest mining projects in India. Easten Coalfields also operates mines at Sunderpahari and Boarijore blocks of Godda.
Godda is well connected with road and rail link. The Godda railway station is situated around 4km from city center. Humsafar express was the first train depart from the Godda railway station on 8th April 2021. This weekly train will connect Godda to New Delhi via Bhagalpur and Gaya.
The national highway NH-133 pass through Godda.
Places of InterestEdit
Basantrai, the place was named after Raja Basant Rai, the ruler of the region and there a big tank was built by him. It is known for miraculous powers and according to legend, no one has ever been able to cross the tank from one end to another. Fairs are always organised at its bank for 15 days beginning from Chaita Sankranti festival i.e. 14 April.
Sunder Dam is the biggest irrigation project constructed on Sundar river near Rajabhitha village (Pathargama) and this is a beautiful picnic spot for the tourist.
Biodiversity Park Godda is a newly built park here and consists of various herbs and trees. It is a new point of attraction among local peoples and shooting for Santhali songs.
- Bhagwat Jha Azad: Former Chief minister of Bihar
- Rameshwar Thakur: Former Governor of Madhya Pradesh
- Kirti Azad : Former Cricketer, Team India.
- Rashmi Jha: Bollywood Actress
- Anil Kumar Jha: Former Chairman, Coal India Limited
- S.K. Choudhary: Former Chief Secretary, Jharkhand.
- Vibhash Chandra Jha : Vice Chancellor, Tilka Manjhi University, Bhagalpur
- Pradeep Yadav: MLA, Poreyahat
- Dipika Pandey Singh: MLA, Mahagama
- Raghu Nandan Mandal: Former MLA, Godda
- Amit Kumar Mandal: MLA, Godda
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Godda
- Roychoudhury, P.C. "Bihar District Gazetteers: Santhal Parganas". Chapter I: General. Secretariat Press, Patna, 1965. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
- "District Census Handbook Godda, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Statement I: Status and Growth History, Page 1082. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
- "District Census Handbook, Godda, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 25: District primary census abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
- "District Census Handbook Godda, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 1082-1086. Directorate of census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
- Majumdar, Rakhi (30 April 2013). "JSPL to come up with 1320 MW thermal power plant at Godda". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- Chandrasekhar, Aruna. "In final days of Modi government, Adani project in Jharkhand becomes India's first power sector SEZ". Scroll.in. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- "The best site". www.esselmining.com. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- "Indian Railways launches Hansdiha-Godda new line in Jharkhand; starts Godda-New Delhi Humsafar special train".