List of Go players

  (Redirected from Go player)

This article gives an overview of well-known professional and amateur players of the board game Go throughout the ages. The page has been divided into sections based on the era in which the Go players played and the country in which they played. As this was not necessarily their country of birth, a flag of that country precedes every player's name. For a complete list of player articles, see Category:Go players.

Match between two famous players. Left is Honinbo Shusai, right is Go Seigen. (Game record of the famous match here)

The important dates that this separation is based on are:

A Japanese census on Go players performed in 2002 estimates that over 24 million people worldwide play Go,[1] most of whom live in Asia. Most of the players listed on this article are professionals, though some top level amateurs have been included. Players famous for achievements outside Go are listed in their own section.

Prior to 17th centuryEdit

Wei Qi was recorded throughout the history of China. The first record of Wei Qi player was by Mencius.

ChinaEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Yi Qiu (弈秋) circa 350 BCE Guoshou First recorded Wei Qi player. He was commonly known as Qiu (秋) the Wei Qi player (Yi 弈, which is the original name of Wei Qi). He was a native of the state Qi 齊 and mentioned by Mencius (372 BC – 289 BC) in 《孟子·告子章句上》: 今夫弈之为数,小数也。不专心致志,则不得也。弈秋,通国之善弈者也。使弈秋诲二人弈,其一人专心致志,惟弈秋之为听;一人虽听之,一心以为有鸿鹄将至,思援弓缴而射之,虽与俱学,弗若之矣! He was called "通国之善弈者", literally "the finest Yi player of the whole state", i.e. Guoshou.
  Yan Wu (嚴武) circa 200 CE – 250 CE Qishen, 1 pin/品 Scholar name Zi Qin子卿 Son of Wu Minister Yan Jun 嚴畯. Mentioned in The Record of Wu 《吴录》:“严武字子卿,卫尉畯再从子也,围棋莫与为辈。”
  Ma Lang (馬朗) 200 CE – 250 CE Qishen, 1 pin/品 Scholar name Su Ming 綏明, same time as Yan Wu.
  Wang Kang (王抗) circa 424 CE – 483 CE Guoshou, 1 pin/品 Member of the famous Wang clan of Lan Xie County, recorded in History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史·萧思话传》.
  Fan Ning'er (范宁儿) circa 424 CE – 483 CE Guoshou, 1 pin/品 Member of the delegates of Northern Wei to Southern Qi, he played a Wei Qi match against Wang Kang under the order of Southern Qi's Wu Emperor Xiao Ze(齊武帝蕭賾, reign 482 CE – 493 CE), and won the match (recorded in <<北史·魏书·蒋少游传>>.
  Fan Ning'er (范宁儿) circa 424 CE – 483 CE Guoshou, 1 pin/品 Member of the delegates of Northern Wei to Southern Qi, he played a Wei Qi match against Wang Kang under the order of Southern Qi's Wu Emperor Xiao Ze(齊武帝蕭賾, reign 482 CE – 493 CE), and won the match (recorded in <<北史·魏书·蒋少游传>>.
  Emperor Wu of Liang (梁武帝萧衍) 464 CE – 549 CE Guoshou, yi pin/逸品 (super strong 1 pin) Emperor Wu of Southern Liang Dynasty, personal name Xiao Yan, was a member of the Xiao clan of Lang Ning and founder of the Southern Liang Dynasty. His reign was 502 CE – 549 CE), famous for his Wei Qi skill, he was recorded in his bibliography as yi pin (strong 1 pin) by later historian in 《梁书·武帝纪》.

17th through 19th centuriesEdit

In the 17th, 18th and 19th century, Go was popular in both Japan (Edo period) and China (period of the Qing Dynasty). In Korea, a Go variant called Sunjang baduk was played.[2]

JapanEdit

At the start of the Tokugawa Shogunate, four Go academies were established. This table lists all heads of these houses, as well as some that were appointed heir but died before they became head of the house. Tokugawa also established the post of Godokoro (minister of Go), which was awarded to the strongest player of a generation. Such players were dubbed Meijin (brilliant man), which was considered equal to a 9 dan professional grade.[3] Over the 300-year period covered here, only ten players received the title of Meijin. Several other players (16 total) received the title of Jun-Meijin (half-Meijin), which is considered to equal an 8 dan professional grade and listed as such below. In some houses it was the custom that the head of the house was always named the same according to the iemoto system (家元). All heads of the house Inoue (井上) were named Inseki (因碩), heads of the house Yasui (安井 ) were named Senkaku (仙角) from the 4th head onward, and heads of the house Hayashi (林) were named Monnyu (門入) from the second head onward. To distinguish between these players, the names listed below are the names they had before becoming head of their house, or after their retirement. The house Honinbo (本因坊) had no such tradition, although heads would often take one character from the name of their predecessor into their own name, notably the character Shu (秀) from the 14th head onward.

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank* Notes
  Honinbo Sansa (本因坊算砂) 1559–1623 Meijin, 9 dan Founder and first head of the house Honinbo.
  Nakamura Doseki (中村道碩) 1582–1630 Meijin, 9 dan Retrospectively seen as founder of the house Inoue.
  Hayashi Monnyusai (林門入斎) 1583–1667 7 or 8 dan Founder and first head of the house Hayashi.
  Yasui Santetsu (安井算哲) 1589–1652 8 dan Founder and first head of the house Yasui.
  Inoue Genkaku (井上玄覚) 1605–1673 7 dan First head of the Inoue house on the unrevised numbering (not counting Nakamura Doseki).
  Honinbo Sanetsu (本因坊算悦) 1611–1658 8 dan Second head of the house Honinbo, Jun-Meijin.
  Yasui Sanchi (安井算知) 1617–1703 Meijin, 9 dan Second head of the house Yasui.
  Honinbo Doetsu (本因坊道悦) 1636–1727 7 dan Third head of the house Honinbo.
  Honinbo Dosaku (本因坊道策) 1645–1702 Meijin, 9 dan Fourth head of the house Honinbo. One of the greatest players of all time, and the first Kisei (go saint); an important influence on go theory.
  Honinbo Doteki (本因坊道的) 1669–1690 7 dan Heir to the house Honinbo. Was considered an extremely talented Go prodigy.[4]
  Hayashi Monnyu (林門入) 1678–1719 6 dan Second head of the Hayashi house.
  Honinbo Dochi (本因坊道知) 1690–1727 Meijin, 9 dan Fifth head of the house Honinbo.
  Honinbo Chihaku (本因坊知伯) 1710–1733 6 dan Sixth Honinbo.
  Honinbo Shuhaku (本因坊秀伯) 1716–1741 6 dan Seventh head of the house Honinbo.
  Honinbo Satsugen (本因坊察元) 1733–1788 Meijin, 9 dan Ninth head of the house Honinbo.
  Honinbo Genjo (本因坊元丈) 1775–1832 8 dan Eleventh head of the house Honinbo.
  Honinbo Jowa (本因坊丈和) 1787–1847 8 dan Was dubbed Kisei (go sage), played the famous "Blood Vomiting Game" with Akaboshi Intetsu.
  Ota Yuzo (太田雄蔵) 1807–1856 7 dan was a close friend of Honinbo Shusaku and once played a famous sanjubango (30 game match) with him.
  Intetsu Akaboshi (赤星因徹) 1810–1835 7 dan
  Honinbo Shusaku (本因坊秀策) 1829–1862 7 dan One of the greatest players ever, he died young. He was posthumously awarded the title of Kisei (go sage).
  Honinbo Shuho (本因坊秀甫) 1838–1886 8 dan Was the founder of Hoensha and the man who taught Go to Oskar Korschelt.
  Honinbo Shuei (本因坊秀栄) 1854–1907 9 dan was the 17th and again 19th head of the Honinbo house. Very active and innovative in the 1890s.
  Honinbo Shusai (本因坊秀哉) 1874–1940 9 dan was the last and 21st head of "Honinbo" House, and founder of the Nihon Ki-in.

*All ranks are professional dan grades unless otherwise noted.

ChinaEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Guo Wen-nian (過文年) 1610s–1670s Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Better known by his scholar name Guo Bai-Nian 過百齡 or Guo Bo-Nian過伯齡. Ancestor of Guo Ti-sheng 過惕生(1907–1989), teacher of Nie Hui-Ping. Author of Wei Qi classic 《官子譜》,《三子譜》 and 《四子譜》.
  Huang Longshi (黃龍士) 1650s–1690s Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Was considered by Go Seigen to have been at least the level of Honinbo Dosaku. He reached Guoshou* at the age of 16.梁魏今
  Liang Wei-Jin (梁魏今) 1680s–1760s Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Pen name Hui Jing 會京. Native of Huaian in northern Jiangsu. Taught both Fan Xiping and Shi Shao-An.
  Cheng Lan-Ru (程蘭如) 1690–1765 Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Native of She County 歙縣 in southern Anhui. Also known for strong Xiangqi.
  Fan Xiping (范西屏) 1709–1769 Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Native of Haining, Zhejiang Province. Played 13 games with Shi Xiping in which 10 games survived in records, with score 5–5. Author of 《桃花泉弈譜》,《二子譜》and《四子譜》.
  Shi Shaoan (施紹暗) 1710–1769 Guoshou, Qishen, 1 pin/品 Better known by his scholar name Shi Xiangxia 施襄夏 and pen name Shi Ding-En 施定庵. Also Native of Haining, Zhejiang Province.

*Players could achieve the level of Guoshou (literally National Hand), which is best in the nation and ranked 1 pin 品. This title is a derivation of Mencius description of Yi Qiu (弈秋), Qiu the Yi player in 《孟子·告子章句上》: 今夫弈之为数,小数也。不专心致志,则不得也。弈秋,通国之善弈者也。使弈秋诲二人弈,其一人专心致志,惟弈秋之为听;一人虽听之,一心以为有鸿鹄将至,思援弓缴而射之,虽与俱学,弗若之矣!as being "通国之善弈者", literally the finest Yi player of the whole nation. It is considered to be equal to the Japanese title of Meijin. The term Qi Sheng (棋圣) was first mentioned by Ge Hong (葛洪) in 《抱朴子》:“棋之无敌者,则谓之棋圣。” The literal meaning is the Invincible Qi player is called the Saint of Qi (Qi Sheng). Note that both Guoshou and Qisheng were not tournament winner titles; instead they were honorific titles used by Wei Qi players and historians respectively to refer to the best players who were invincible in highest graded tournaments. Guoshou was the normal term used to refer to the promo player while he was alive, whereas Qisheng was used more as posthumous fame. The ranking of players began in West Han Dynasty (2nd century BCE) and formally recognized by the Governments during the North and South Dynasties Period (3rd to 6th century CE). There were 9 ranks called pin 品 in the system,[citation needed] the same as the ranking system for government officials. The lowest rank was 9 pin, then 8 pin, etc. up to 1 pin.[citation needed] The difference of the lower 5 pin was about 1 zi (子, piece or stone), and the difference between the top 4 pin was half zi.[citation needed]

20th centuryEdit

JapanEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Kensaku Segoe (瀬越憲作) 1889–1972 9 dan was the teacher of three of the greatest players of 20th century: Utaro Hashimoto (Japan), Go Seigen (China) and Cho Hunhyun (Korea).
  Kaoru Iwamoto (岩本薫) 1902–1999 9 dan founder of Iwamoto Foundation for Go promotion in foreign countries.
  Utaro Hashimoto (橋本宇太郎) 1907–1994 9 dan was the founder of the Kansai Ki-in. A student of Segoe
  Minoru Kitani (木谷実) 1909–1975 9 dan was a great friend and rival to Go Seigen. Go and Kitani were the co-authors of the Shinfuseki or "New Opening", a great advance in go opening theory. Most prolific teacher ever. Pupils include Masao Kato, Yoshio Ishida, Hideo Otake, Kim In, Cho Chikun, Masaki Takemiya and Koichi Kobayashi.
  Toshihiro Shimamura (島村俊廣) 1912–1991 9 dan
  Dogen Handa (半田道玄) 1914–1974 9 dan
  Go Seigen (呉清源) 1914–2014 9 dan Wu Qingyuan in Chinese. He is considered to be one of the greatest players of all time. He had a superb match play record, before the current era dominated by annual titles. Co-author of the groundbreaking work on the opening theory, Shinfuseki.
  Kaku Takagawa (高川格) 1915–1986 9 dan The first of only five players to receive the Honorary Honinbo title, thus known as the 22nd Honinbo.
  Hosai Fujisawa (藤沢朋斎) 1919–1993 9 dan one of the greatest players of the 1960s.
  Eio Sakata (坂田栄男) 1920–2010 9 dan his nicknames include "Razor Sakata", the "Master of myoushu" (brilliant move). He was the previous holder of most championship titles with 64 wins.
  Masao Sugiuchi (杉内雅男) 1920– 9 dan nicknamed "the God of Go" for his serious attitude towards Go. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Takeo Kajiwara (梶原武雄) 1923–2009 9 dan one of the "three crows".
  Hideyuki Fujisawa (藤沢秀行) 1925–2009 9 dan was awarded the Honorary Kisei after winning the Kisei 6 times in a row. Won Oza title at the age of 67.
  Toshiro Yamabe (山部俊郎) 1926–2000 9 dan one of the "three crows".
  Keizo Suzuki (鈴木圭三) 1927–1945 3 dan one of the "three crows".
  Yasuro Kikuchi (菊池康郎) 1929– 8 dan is the most famous amateur go player in Japan.
  Shuzo Ohira (大平修三) 1930–1998 9 dan
  Shoji Hashimoto (橋本昌二) 1935– 9 dan Affiliate of the Kansai Ki-In.
  Norio Kudo (工藤紀夫) 1940– 9 dan current President for the International Go Federation. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Kunio Ishii (石井邦生) 1941– 9 dan teacher of Yuta Iyama.
  Hideo Otake (大竹英雄) 1942– 9 dan Lifetime Gosei.
  Rin Kaiho (林海峰) 1942– 9 dan was one of Go Seigen's students. Known for winning many titles at a young age. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Yasumasa Hane (羽根泰正) 1944– 9 dan father of Hane Naoki.
  Kunihisa Honda (本田邦久) 1945– 9 dan
  Masao Kato (加藤正夫) 1947–2004 9 dan Nick named "Kato the Killer", for his masterful, aggressive style.
  Yoshio Ishida (石田芳夫) 1948– 9 dan is the youngest ever Honinbo winner and one of the strongest players of the 1970s. TV commentator. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Shuzo Awaji (淡路修三) 1949– 9 dan famous for his Go school. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Masaki Takemiya (武宮正樹) 1951– 9 dan is famous for his 'cosmic style', aiming for territory in the center of the board rather than the sides. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Koichi Kobayashi (小林光一) 1952– 9 dan has the third most titles in Japan with 57. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Cho Chikun (조치훈, 趙治勳) 1956– 9 dan Cho Chihun in Korean, is among the best players of the 20th century. He won almost half (29 out of 60) of the biggest 3 titles (Honinbo, Kisei, and Meijin tournaments) in 1980–1999, including ten consecutive Honinbo titles for which he is accorded the title of 25th Honinbo. The first to hold all 3 at the same time and the first to have won all seven titles. Passed Sakata in late 2002 for most titles in Japan; thus far have won 70 titles. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  O Rissei (王立誠) 1958– 9 dan one of the first Taiwanese Go players to become a professional in Japan. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Hiroshi Yamashiro (山城宏) 1958– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Satoshi Kataoka (片岡聡) 1958– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Satoru Kobayashi (小林覚) 1959– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  O Meien (王銘琬) 1961– 9 dan famous for his "Meien-isms", a special way of opening a game. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Michael Redmond (マイケル・レドモンド) 1963– 9 dan is the only (as of February 2008) non-Asian (American) to attain rank of 9-dan. TV commentator for the Japanese network NHK. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Norimoto Yoda (依田紀基) 1966– 9 dan Has one of the best track records in international tournaments for Japan, having won Samsung Fire Cup and being runners-up in Ing Cup, both in 1996. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Tomoyasu Mimura (三村智保) 1969– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Cho Sonjin (조선진, 趙善津) 1970– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Ryu Shikun (류시훈, 柳時熏) 1971– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Kimio Yamada (山田規三生) 1972– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Satoshi Yuki (結城聡) 1972– 9 dan The third youngest player to become a professional, and second youngest professional for the Kansai Ki-in. Affiliate of the Kansai Ki-In.
  Hideyuki Sakai (坂井秀至) 1973– 8 dan Won the World Amateur Go Championship in 2000. Promoted to professional at age 28 after winning 4 of 4 "test" games against two strong professionals (2 games each against 5d and 7d). Affiliate of the Kansai Ki-in.
  Shinji Takao (高尾紳路) 1976– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Naoki Hane (羽根直樹) 1976– 9 dan In 2002, Hane broke the record for fastest promotion to 9 dan in Nihon Ki-in history. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Keigo Yamashita (山下敬吾) 1978– 9 dan Has an innovative style harking back to shinfuseki. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Cho U (張栩) 1980– 9 dan In 2003, Cho U broke the record for fastest promotion to 9 dan in Nihon Ki-in history. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Rin Kono (河野臨) 1981– 9 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Yuta Iyama (井山裕太) 1989– 9 dan In 2016, became the first person to hold all seven titles at the same time. Became the youngest title holder ever in 2005 after winning the Agon Cup. Earned the right to be accorded the title of 26th Honinbo upon reaching the age of 60 or on retirement. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Daisuke Murakawa (村川大介) 1990– 7 dan The youngest Kansai Ki-in pro ever. Affiliate of the Kansai Ki-in.

WomenEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Kaori Chinen (知念かおり) 1974– 4 dan Married to fellow professional go player Yo Kagen in 1997
  Izumi Kobayashi (小林泉美) 1977– 6 dan Married to Cho U
  Reiko Kobayashi (小林禮子) 1939–1996 7 dan Izumi's mother. Married to Koichi Kobayashi
  Kikuyo Aoki (青木喜久代) 1968– 8 dan Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Kaori Aoba (青葉かおり) 1978– 4 dan First professional to be defeated by a Go engine with a conventional handicap. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-in.
  Yukari Yoshihara (吉原由香里) 1973– 6 dan The Go player who supervised the production of the manga Hikaru no Go. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Rina Fujisawa (藤沢里菜) 1998– 4 dan Granddaughter of the late Honorary Kisei, Hideyuki Fujisawa.
  Kana Mannami (万波佳奈) 1983– 4 dan Former Women's Kisei
  Xie Yimin (謝依旻) 1989– 6 dan Taiwanese-born professional Go player in Japan holding the titles of Honorary Female Honinbo and Honorary Female Meijin.
  Asami Ueno (上野愛咲美) 2001– 2 dan Former Women's Kisei

ChinaEdit

  • Note: China formally adopted dan ranking in the early 1980s. Taiwan still uses pin ranking in addition to dan ranking.
Origin Name DoB–DoD Peak rank Notes
  Chen Zude (陈祖德) 1944–2012 9 dan was the chairman of Zhongguo Qiyuan from 1992–2003 and was former president of the association. Famous for popularizing the Chinese fuseki.
  Wu Songsheng (吴淞笙) 1945–2007 9 dan One of the first three professional 9 dans in China. Dedicated international educator of Go. Honoured guest player at Hanguk Kiwon. Affiliate of Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Nie Weiping (聂卫平) 1952– 9 dan One of the strongest players of 1980s, he led China to victory in several team matches against Japan. Challenged for many top international titles in the late 1980s. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Liu Xiaoguang (刘小光) 1960– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Cao Dayuan (曹大元) 1962– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Ma Xiaochun (马晓春) 1962– 9 dan A top player in China during the 1990s. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Feng Yun (丰云) 1966– 9 dan Second woman ever attain rank of 9-dan. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Qian Yuping (錢宇平) 1966– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Yu Bin (俞斌) 1967– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Shao Weigang (邵煒剛) 1973– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Chang Hao (常昊) 1976– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Zhou Heyang (周鹤洋) 1976– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Luo Xihe (罗洗河) 1977– 9 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Wang Lei (王磊) 1978– 8 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Ding Wei (丁偉) 1979– 8 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Huang Yizhong (黄奕中) 1981– 6 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Kong Jie (孔杰) 1982– 9 dan 3 world championship titles. One of strongest players in the World in 2000s. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Qiu Jun (邱峻) 1982– 8 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Tang Li (唐莉) 1982– 1 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Hu Yaoyu (胡耀宇) 1982– 8 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Gu Li (古力) 1983– 9 dan 7 World championship titles; One of strongest players in the World in 2000s. He had exceptional record between 2008 and 2010. He lost to Lee Sedol in a Jubango match in 2014. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Xie He (谢赫) 1984– 5 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Liu Xing (刘星) 1984– 6 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Wang Xi (王檄) 1984– 6 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Piao Wenyao (朴文堯) 1988– 5 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Chen Yaoye (陳耀燁) 1989– 9 dan Youngest professional 9 dan at 17 years of age. Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Li Zhe (李喆) 1989– 4 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.
  Zhou Ruiyang (周睿羊) 1991– 5 dan Affiliate of the Zhongguo Qiyuan.

KoreaEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Cho Nam-chul (조남철, 趙南哲) 1923–2006 9 dan Founder of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Kang Cheol-min (강철민, 姜哲民) 1939–2002 8 dan
  Kim In (김인, 金寅) 1943–2021 9 dan Strongest player in Korea during 1960s and early 1970s. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Ha Chan-seok (하찬석, 河燦錫) 1948– 8 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Jimmy Cha (차민수, 車敏洙) 1951– 4 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Cho Hun-hyun (조훈현, 曺薰鉉) 1953– 9 dan The strongest Go player in South Korea during the 1970s and 1980s before the period of dominance by his student Lee Chang-ho. The winner of 11 World titles, including the inaugural edition of the quadrennial Ing Cup in 1989. Last won a World title at the age of 49, at 2003 Samsung Fire Cup. Holder of the most titles by a professional player. Also holder of the most consecutive title defense, winning the Paewang title 16 times in-a-row.
  Seo Bong-soo (서봉수, 徐奉洙) 1953– 9 dan was Cho Hunhyun's biggest rival in the '80s. Known for his long list of runner up titles. Won 9 matches in a row in 1997 Jinro Cup to win the title for Korea. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Jiang Zhujiu (장주주, 江鑄久) 1962– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Rui Naiwei (루이나이웨이, 芮乃伟) 1963– 9 dan First woman to attain rank of 9-dan and widely considered to be the strongest female player of all time, also won the open Guksu title in 1999. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Yoo Chang-hyuk (유창혁, 劉昌赫) 1966– 9 dan 6 time world champion, one of the strongest players of 1990s. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Janice Kim 1969– 3 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Lee Chang-ho (이창호, 李昌鎬) 1975– 9 dan Considered one of the greatest players of all time, he was the strongest player in the world between 1993 and 2005. The student of Cho Hunhyun, he is also credited with expanding the understanding for the endgame. He won record 21 world championships since 1992, the last world title being the 2007 Zhonghuan Cup. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Choi Myung-hoon (최명훈, 崔明勳) 1975– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  An Cho-young (안조영, 安祚永) 1979– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Mok Jin-seok (목진석, 睦鎭碩) 1980– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Cho Han-seung (조한승, 趙漢乘) 1982– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Lee Se-dol (이세돌; 李世乭) 1983– 9 dan Considered the strongest player in the world after Lee Chang-ho's reign. He beat Gu Li in a Jubango match in 2014. He obtained 18 world championship titles between 2002 and 2015. Played against Google DeepMind's AlphaGo in AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol match in 2016. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Park Jung-sang (박정상, 朴正祥) 1984– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Hong Min-pyo (홍민표, 洪旼杓) 1984– 5 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Park Seung-hyun (박승현, 朴昇賢) 1984– 4 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Choi Cheol-han (최철한, 崔哲澣) 1985– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Pak Yeong-hun (박영훈, 朴永訓) 1985– 9 dan A young and established Korean go professional. He reached 9 dan after 5 years, making him the youngest Korean 9 dan professional ever. 3 time world champion. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Kim Dong-hee (김동희, 金東熙) 1985– 2 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Won Seong-jin (원성진, 元晟溱) 1985– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Song Tae-kon (송태곤, 宋泰坤) 1986– 9 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Heo Young-ho (허영호, 許映皓) 1986– 5 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Ko Geuntae (고근태, 高根台) 1987– 5 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Yun Jun-sang (윤준상, 尹畯相) 1987– 6 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Kang Dong-yun (강동윤, 姜東潤) 1989– 8 dan Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.

TaiwanEdit

  • Note: Taiwan still uses pin ranking in addition to dan ranking.
Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Zhou Junxun (周俊勳) 1980– 9 dan, 1 pin Affiliate of the Taiwan Qiyuan.
  Lin Zhihan (林至涵) 1980– 9 dan Affiliate of the Taiwan Qiyuan.
  Chen Shien (陳詩淵) 1985– 7 dan Affiliate of the Taiwan Qiyuan.
   Joanne Missingham 1994– 7 dan Australian-born Taiwanese professional Go player

United StatesEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  United States Janice Kim 1969– 3p American professional Go player, author, and business-owner

EuropeEdit

Origin Name DOB–DOD Peak rank Notes
  Manfred Wimmer 1944–1995 2p Born in Austria, became the first western Go professional in 1978, doing so with the Kansai Ki-in. Reached 2p the same year, and later brought Go to Kenya and Madagascar.
  Hans Reinhard Pietsch 1968–2003 6p Known for spreading Go around the world.
  Catalin Taranu 1973– 5p One of Romania's best players and a pro in Japan. Affiliate of the Nihon Ki-In.
  Alexandre Dinerchtein 1980– 3p The first Russian professional Go player. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Svetlana Shikshina 1980– 3p The first Russian professional Go player among Alexandre Dinerchtein. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Diana Koszegi 1983– 1p The first Hungarian professional Go player. Affiliate of the Hanguk Kiwon.
  Mariya Zakharchenko 1995– 1p the first professional player of Ukraine.
  Lisy Pavol 1995– 2p European Go Federation Professional Player, European Champion, 5 times Slovak Go Champion.
  Ali Jabarin 1993– 2p European Go Federation Professional Player, 2016 European Go Grand-Slam Champion, 2018 European Grand-Prix Champion.
  Mateusz Surma 1995– 1p European Go Federation Professional Player, 3 times Polish Go Champion.
  Ilya Shikshin 1990– 3p European Go Federation Professional Player, Two times European Go Champion, 2 times Under 12 European Youth Champion, 2 times Under 18 European Youth Champion.
  Artem Kachanovskyi 1992– 2p European Go Federation Professional Player.
  Andrii Kravets 1990– 1p European Go Federation Professional Player. European U12 Champion (2002) and 2 times Ukrainian Champion (2012, 2015).
  Antti Törmänen 1989– 1p Antti Törmänen is a Finnish 1p with Nihon Kiin. He was an insei at the Nihon Ki-in, Tokyo from October 2011 to May 2012 and again from April 2014. He finished the Winter 2015 pro exam with over 50% win rate, which qualified him for Foreign National Pro slot

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of Go players worldwide (in Japanese)". Archived from the original on 2002-12-17.
  2. ^ John Fairbairn. "Historic: Sunjang Go". Archived from the original on 2006-03-05. Retrieved 2007-11-26.
  3. ^ Sensei's Library. "Historic Meijins". Retrieved 2007-06-28.
  4. ^ Sensei's Library. "Ogawa Doteki". Retrieved 2007-06-28.

External linksEdit