Globovisión is a 24-hour television news network in Venezuela and Latin America. It broadcasts over-the-air in Caracas, Aragua, Carabobo and Zulia on UHF channel 33. Globovisión is seen in the rest of Venezuela on cable or satellite (Globovisión has an alliance with DirecTV, where it can be seen on channel 110) and worldwide from their website. Some of Globovisión's programs can be seen in the United States on cable network Canal Sur and TV Venezuela, a channel offered in DirecTV's Para Todos package. In Latin America, Globovision can be seen in Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay and other territories as Aruba, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados and Curaçao in Directv's package (channel 724).
|Globovision Tele C.A.|
|Launched||December 1, 1994|
|Owned by||Juan Domingo Cordero|
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)|
|Slogan||Información responsable y veraz|
(Responsible and truthful information)
|Broadcast area||Latin America and Caribbean|
|Affiliates||CNN en Español, RCN Television, Venezolana de Televisión|
|UHF||Channel 33 (Caracas)|
|DirecTV||Channel 110 (Venezuela)|
|Channel 724 (Puerto Rico & South America)|
|Inter Satelital Channel 27 (Venezuela)|
On December 1, 1994, Luis Teófilo Núñez Arismendi, Guillermo Zuloaga Núñez, Nelson Mezerhane Gosen, and Alberto Federico Ravell Arreaza, inaugurated Globovisión, channel 33, the first 24-hour news network in Venezuela to broadcast over-the-air. Currently, Globovisión is broadcast over the air in Caracas, Aragua, Carabobo and Zulia. Globovisión's programming is also carried by 95 percent of the nation's cable systems. In February 17, 2010, Ravell, general director of the channel, was dismissed from his post by board of directors of Globovision due to "differences with its partners". Ravell said he had to " sacrifice himself leaving office for the channel wasn't sold and falls into the hands of Government of Hugo Chavez".
In 2013, Globovisión was sold to an economist and businessman with connections to the Venezuelan government, Juan Domingo Cordero, who also runs the insurance company La Vitalicia. “Our mission, criticized by many, but applauded by our great audience, has helped us to prove that, in spite of adversities, sanctions and threats, we are still standing, with a professional and technical team of invaluable working mystic, that knows how to fulfill their duty, that looks for the news without caring about conditions and some times even putting their lives at risk.”
Most of the shows seen on Globovisión are national productions. They include:
- Aló Ciudadano – A call-in show hosted by Leopoldo Castillo. This program was simulcasted on the Radio Caracas Radio after Hugo Chavez government expropriated the radio network Circuito Nacional Belfort. In the network until 2013 was co-hosted by Sheina Chang, Maria Alejandra Trujillo, Pedro Pablo Peñaloza, Carlos Acosta and Andreina Fuenmayor. The interim host were Nitu Pérez Osuna and María Elena Lavaud.
- Aló Venezuela – A Sunday talk show hosted by Del Valle Canelon and Ismael Garcia.
- Tocando Fondo – A talk show, hosted by Ana Karina Villalba seen on Sundays at 11 am.
- Vladimir a la Una – A daily talk show, hosted by Vladimir Villegas Polhiak at 1 pm.
- Entre Noticias – A weekend news show hosted by Marianna Gomez
- Plomovisión – A documentary series hosted by Johnny Ficarella. This program's name originated from an epithet given to the channel by President Hugo Chávez.
- Shirley – A talk show hosted by Jewish journalist Shirley Varnagy
- Primera Página – A morning news show hosted by Aymara Lorenzo, José Vicente Antonetti, Carolina Alcalde, Jessica Morales, and Andreína Gandica. It comes on at 6 am on weekdays. José Domingo Blanco and Nathaly Salas Guaithero once hosted this show. It was originally hosted by Julio César Camacho.
- Brujula Internacional – An evening international news show hosted by ambassador Julio César Pineda.
- En la Mañana – Another morning news show hosted by Williams Echeverría.
- Biografías – A documentary series on famous Venezuelan personalities hosted by Maky Arenas.
- Hablan las Paredes – A night talk show, hosted by Guillermo Tell Troconis.
- Mujeres en Todo (program) – A live variety show with Alba Cecilia Mujica, Maria Isabel Parraga and Veronica Rasquin.
- Titulares de Mañana – A show which reveals the front pages of tomorrow's newspapers in Venezuela. This show was originally hosted by Orlando Urdaneta. Orlando Urdaneta then changed the program's name to La Hora de Orlando in 2003. After he left Globovisión in 2004, the name was reverted to "Titulares de Mañana" with Pedro Luis Flores and Jesus "Chuo" Torrealba as its host.
- Noticias Globovisión – The network's main newscast, anchored by Gladys Rodríguez, Roman Lozinski, Juan Eleazar Figallo and Diana Carolina Ruiz. It has several daily broadcasts anchored by Carlos Alberto Figueroa and Jorge Luis Perez Valery.
- Grado 33 – A news documentary series hosted by Norberto Mazza and Roberto Giusti. This program was very critical of the Chávez government.
- Soluciones – morning talk show hosted by Shirley Varnagy, Nathalie Viteznik.
- CNN World Report – Saturday morning ecological program hosted by Fernando Jauregui
- El Radar de los Barrios – morning talk show hosted by Chuo Torrealba.
- La cocinita de Sindy – Saturday cooking talk show hosted by Sindy Lazo.
- 35MM – One of the few non-political shows on Globovisión, it contains the latest news on upcoming Hollywood movies and is hosted by Víctor X.
- Faranduleando, which contains celebrity news.
- Paparazzi del Deporte, which contains sport celebrity news.
- Usted lo vio – Week news Summary show host by Juan Eleazar Figallo.
- Alta Densidad – A technology news show hosted by Carlos José Monzón.
- Sin Flash TV – A show, hosted by beauty queen Cynthia Lander, about the currently most popular society parties and events in Venezuela and world.
- Saber Vivir- A health micro by Martha Palma Troconis.
- Alta Postura- A fashion program hosted by Giancarlo Berardinelli
- Con todo y Penzini – A variety news show hosted by Pedro Penzini.
- Se Habla Verde – An ecological micro conducted by Karen Bitton.
- Deportes Globovisión – Globovisión's sports show hosted by Aloys Marín and
- Así Cocina Soucy – A cooking and gourmet show hosted by Héctor Soucy.
- Buenas Noches – An evening talk show hosted by Francisco "Kiko" Bautista, Carla Angola, and Roland Carreño.
- Sabado en la Noche – A Saturday night talk show hosted by Rocío Higuera, Gabriela Paez y Melisa Rauseo.
- Cuando las ganas se juntan – A Sunday night show with Bettsimar Diaz.
- Analisis Situacional – A Sunday interviewer program conducted by Oscar Schemel
- Yo Prometo – A Sunday news show hosted by Nitu Pérez Osuna.
- El Mundo, Economía y Negocios – A Sunday news magazine of economy.
- Fun Race – A documentary series on 4X4s hosted by Sabrina Salvador.
Relationship with Venezuelan governmentEdit
For a long time, Globovisian was very critical of the Chavista movement. Along with other private TV stations, it supported the attempted 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt against President Hugo Chávez. According to the Chávez government, Globovision, during the de facto government of Pedro Carmona Estanga, refused to show pro-Chávez demonstrations demanding the resignation of Carmona or the looting that occurred on April 12 and 13, 2002. Globovision has been criticized by the government, which accuses the channel of manipulating information, conspiracy, giving air time to the opposition (but not to the government), and racism.
Globovision is able to broadcast outside of Venezuela, and does so through satellite television. Microwave equipment, which allows for live transmissions, has been seized by the Government.
In May 2007, President Chávez claimed during a speech that Globovision had been actively encouraging civil unrest in Venezuela, as well as his assassination. His claim on the latter was based on broadcast footage of the attempted murder of Pope John Paul II (which was part of a series of pictures showing RCTV's historical news coverage) in combination with a song titled "Esto no termina aquí" ("This does not end here"). The Venezuelan Government filed a complaint against Globovision with the Attorney General Office on this matter. Venezuelan students marched in the streets to protest the closure of RCTV and threats to Globovision. Globovision's director, Alberto Ravell, said, "We are not going to change our editorial line that we are not afraid of the threats from this government."
In August 2009, a small group of militant members of a pro-Chávez party, the United for Venezuela Party (UPV), attacked the headquarters of Globovisión. They fired tear gas into the compound and clashed with police. On 4 August the government arrested the attackers. However, no one was charged and those arrested were released.
In July 2010 the Venezuelan government acquired a 25.8% stake in Globovisión, through its nationalization of Banco Federal, after the latter had failed to meet minimum reserve requirements and investment quotas. Chavez announced that the stake gave the government the right to a place on Globovisión's Board of Directors. In addition, the government said it might acquire the 20% stake of Globovisión co-founder Luis Nuñez, as he had died in 2007, and the law did not permit inheritance of media concessions. Globovisión clarified that board members had to be approved by 55% of the company's shareholders. In information published through WikiLeaks from the United States Embassy in Venezuela, after "60 allegations" against Globovisión in Venezuelan court, the Venezuelan government pressured a partner, banker Nelson Mezerhane, to buy all the shares of Globovisión in order to fire Ravell.
In 2009, Venezuela's telecommunications regulator launched four different investigations into Globovisión. Reporting about an earthquake before an official report later made on the official government channel and not paying $2.3 million tax for giving free airtime to anti-government groups during the 2002 oil strike were two of the accusations in the investigations. Chávez demanded sanctions against Globovisión, calling station director Alberto Federico Ravell "a crazy man with a cannon". This action was criticized by two officials who monitor freedom of speech, Frank La Rue of the United Nations and Catalina Botero of the OAS.
On March 25, 2010, network owner Guillermo Zuloaga was briefly arrested, then released pending investigation, by Venezuelan military intelligence. The country's Attorney General Luisa Ortega Diaz stated that the arrest was for speech by Zuloaga that President Hugo Chávez deemed false and "offensive."
Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, the Human Rights Foundation, the Inter American Press Association, the International Press Institute, the United States Department of State, Reporters without Borders, representatives of the Catholic Church, and others have protested the investigation and Chavez's infringement on press freedom in Venezuela.
- Kraul, Chris; Mogollon, Mery (14 May 2013). "Venezuela's last major opposition TV station is sold". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Rueda, Manuel (12 March 2013). "Is Venezuela's Government Silencing Globovision?". ABC News. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Bajak, Frank; Rueda, Jorge (12 March 2013). "Globovision To Be Sold: Last Anti-Chavez In Venezuela To Go To Government Friendly Buyer". Huffington Post. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "¿Quién es Juan Domingo Cordero?". 10 March 2013. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Zuloaga, Guillermo (11 March 2003). "Lea la carta de Zuloaga a los trabajadores de Globovisión". Últimas Noticias. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- [dead link]Globovision.com Archived November 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Juan Forero (June 11, 2009). "Chávez Raising Pressure On Defiant TV Network". The Washington Post.
The government's wrath against Globovisión has roots in a 2002 coup that briefly deposed Chávez. Globovisión and three other anti-government stations called for protests, gave free commercial airtime to anti-Chávez organizations and aired positive coverage of opposition leaders. The stations celebrated Chávez's ouster along with the coup leaders and then blacked out coverage of a counter-coup that put him back in power.
- (Instituto Prensa y Sociedad (IPYS), October 6, 2003). "IFEX :: Television station's equipment confiscated"[permanent dead link]. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
- El Universal Archived June 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Venezuela Media Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved May 30, 2007.
- [unreliable source?]Venezuelanalysis, 4 August 2009,Venezuelan Government Arrests Suspect in Attack on Globovision Television Station Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- [unreliable source?] Venezuelanalysis, 4 August 2009,
- Venezuelanalysis.com, 21 July 2010, Venezuelan Government Acquires Minority Share and Possible Board Seat in Globovisión Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- "Wikileaks de Venezuela: así salió el director del canal Globovisión". Semana. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Venezuelan opposition TV channel Globovision sold". BBC. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Arthur Brice (June 5, 2009). "Venezuela takes actions against critical TV station". CNN.
- Juan Forero (June 11, 2009). "Chávez Raising Pressure On Defiant TV Network". The Washington Post.
- Tyler Bridges (May 12, 2009). "Venezuela's Chávez threatens to shut down TV station". The Christian Science Monitor.
- "Venezuelan diplomat defends probe of anti-government TV station". CBC and The Associated Press. May 23, 2009.
- Simon Romero (March 25, 2010). "Chávez Critic Is Arrested, Then Freed, in Venezuela". The New York Times. Retrieved Mar 25, 2010.
- "Venezuela: Events of 2009". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Venezuela: Globovisión attack must be urgently investigated and journalists protected". Amnesty International. August 4, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Protests in Venezuela; One Hundred High School Students Arrested; Attacks on Media Continue; Bolivian and Ecuadorian Governments Announce Media Crackdown". The Human Rights Foundation. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
- "IAPA condemns harsh blow to Venezuela's democracy" (Press release). Inter American Press Association. July 31, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "Resolutions Passed by the Coordinating Committee of Press Freedom Organisations on 18 June 2008" (Press release). International Press Institute. June 18, 2008. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "2008 Human Rights Report: Venezuela". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor: 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. U.S. Department of State. February 25, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "In 'cure worse than cold,' Globovisión waits to be stripped of broadcast frequency". Reporters without Borders. June 23, 2009. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- Jones, Rachel (May 28, 2009). "In Venezuela, hundreds march for press freedom". Lexis Nexis. The Associated Press.
Human Rights Watch and press freedom groups have criticized the investigation, saying it aims to harass Chavez's opponents.
- "Venezuela Threatens To Close Opposition TV Station". SHOW: Morning Edition 10:00 AM EST NPR. National Public Radio (NPR); LexisNexis. June 11, 2009.
In Venezuela, President Hugo Chavez's government is moving against this TV station, which has press freedom groups raising questions about the future of democracy in a highly polarized country.
- James, Ian (September 17, 2009). "Venezuela a top concern at press freedom forum". The Associated Press. LexisNexis.
Press freedom groups condemn Venezuela's recent shutdown of radio stations as part of a broader strategy by President Hugo Chavez to progressively clamp down on the private news media and they want to put a stop to it. ... Newspaper executives who lead the Miami-based Inter American Press Association say Venezuela will be at the top of their list as they gather in Caracas for an emergency forum Friday to discuss freedom of expression in the Americas.
- "US calls for free press in Venezuela, Latin America". LexisNexis. Agence France Presse -- English. June 12, 2009.
The United States called Friday on the Venezuelan and other Latin American governments to stop intimidating the news media and take action to uphold a free press. ... On Tuesday, the International Press Institute, a media advocacy group, denounced the deterioration of press freedom in Venezuela and in particular the Chavez government's harassment of Globovision.
- Sanchez, Fabiola (January 25, 2010). "Removal of anti-Chavez TV channel spurs protests". The Washington Post.
Press freedom organizations and Roman Catholic leaders condemned RCTV's removal from cable, calling it part of a broader effort to mute government critics. ... Paris-based Reporters Without Borders said the government's move is "an allergic reaction to dissident voices within the country's leading broadcast media." ... U.S. State Department Spokesman P.J. Crowley echoed earlier comments by the U.S. Embassy that Washington is concerned.
- Globovisión (in Spanish)