Climate change in Turkey
Turkey is one of the countries which is being most affected by global warming. Annual temperatures are rising as are maximum temperatures. Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey are 1% of the global total and are forecast to rise substantially because the energy policy of Turkey is to heavily subsidize coal in Turkey.
Greenhouse gas emissions by TurkeyEdit
The weather is becoming more extreme. During the 21st century temperatures are forecast to rise by 2-3 °C on average and precipitation to significantly reduce. However, as well as more droughts more floods are predicted, due to rain falling instead of snow.
Urban heatwaves, droughts, storms, and flooding, may increase. Sea level rise is forecast to affect city infrastructure, for example Istanbul Kadıkoy metro station is threatened with flooding.Xeriscaping of green spaces has been suggested, and Istanbul has a climate change action plan. However according to a 2018 study by Trakya University more local climate change action plans need to be prepared urgently.
Unless global emissions are greatly reduced agriculture in Turkey, such as wheat, is expected to be severely affected after the late 2030s especially in areas with rain fed agriculture. Arid and semi-arid areas are at risk of desertification. Irrigated agriculture will decline as water stress increases and increasing food imports will hit Turkey's trade balance. Damage to agriculture  is predicted to greatly increase. Pine nut production has been severely reduced.
Turkey is one of the few countries that has signed but not ratified the Paris Agreement, in other words it is a signatory but not one of the parties to the agreement. The main opposition Republican People's Party has called for the agreement to be ratified.
Similarly Turkey has signed but not ratified the Kigali Amendment. It has no carbon tax or emissions trading scheme, therefore carbon capture and storage is not used as it is not economically viable. Also "given the fact that a new coal-fired power plant has a minimum of 40 years of economic life, Turkey's coal rush could create an inextricable carbon lock-in."
Climate change education is supported by the EU.
Misunderstandings about climate changeEdit
Individual action on climate change is not properly understood (in a survey many erroneously prioritised using less cosmetics) and neither are government choices on climate change mitigation (in the same survey only a minority correctly prioritised curbing fossil fuel use). Warming of seawater by nuclear power plants is wrongly thought by some to be significant in hindering adaptation to climate change, and few know that geothermal power in Turkey might emits considerable CO
2 (research on this due 2019 is being funded by the EBRD).
In 2019 the OECD recommended that adaptation efforts be increased and an international conference on local actions was held. Protection of water resources and soil quality have been considered but Turkey has yet to submit a National Adaptation Plan to the UNFCCC.
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