The Glasgow Necropolis is a Victorian cemetery in Glasgow, Scotland. It is on a low but very prominent hill to the east of Glasgow Cathedral (St. Mungo's Cathedral). Fifty thousand individuals have been buried here. Typical for the period, only a small percentage are named on monuments and not every grave has a stone. Approximately 3,500 monuments exist here.
|Size||37 acres (15 ha)|
|No. of interments||50,000|
Following the creation of Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris a wave of pressure began for cemeteries in Britain. This required a change in the law to allow burial for profit. Previously the parish church held responsibility for burying the dead but there was a growing need for an alternative. Glasgow was one of the first to join this campaign, having a growing population, with fewer and fewer attending church. The planning of the cemetery began formally by the Merchants' House of Glasgow in 1831, in anticipation of a change in the law. The Cemeteries Act was passed in 1832 and the floodgates opened. Glasgow Necropolis officially opened in April 1833. Just prior to this, in September 1832, a Jewish burial ground had been established in the north-west section of the land. This small area was declared "full" in 1851.
Predating the cemetery, the statue of John Knox sitting on a column at the top of the hill, dates from 1825.
The first burials were in 1832 in the extreme north-east on the lowest ground and were exclusively for Jewish burials (see section below)
The main entrance is approached by a bridge over what was then the Molendinar Burn. The bridge, which was designed by David Hamilton was completed in 1836. It became known as the "Bridge of Sighs" because it was part of the route of funeral processions (the name is an allusion to the Bridge of Sighs in Venice). The ornate gates (by both David and James Hamilton) were erected in 1838, restricting access onto the bridge.
Across the bridge the original scheme was to enter the area via a tunnel but this proved unviable. The ornate entrance of 1836 remains.
The cemetery, as most early Victorian cemeteries, is laid out as an informal park, lacking the formal grid layouts of later cemeteries. This layout is further enhanced by the complex topography. The cemetery's paths meander uphill towards the summit, where many of the larger monuments stand, clustered around the John Knox Monument.
The Glasgow Necropolis was described by James Stevens Curl as "literally a city of the dead". Glasgow native Billy Connolly has said: "Glasgow's a bit like Nashville, Tennessee: it doesn't care much for the living, but it really looks after the dead."
Notable statues and sculpturesEdit
|Memorial column on summit of the hill||Monument to John Knox||Doric column by Thomas Hamilton and 12 ft statue by William Warren (carved by Robert Forrest)||1825|
|Tomb of Mrs Lockhart||Sculpture||William Mossman||1842|
|Mausoleum of Major Archibald Douglas Monteath||Large tiered octaganal building of neo-Norman design||David Cousin||1842|
|Tomb of William Motherwell||Marble bust||James Fillans||1851|
|Tomb of actor-manager John Henry Alexander of the Theatre Royal||Scene representing stage and proscenium arch with flanking figures of "Tragedy" and "Comedy" (As of 2012, one figure is missing and the other is headless.)||James Hamilton, sculpted by Alexander Handyside Ritchie||1851|
|Houldsworth Mausoleum||Flanking angels and "Hope" and "Charity", with "Faith" visible inside the mausoleum||John Thomas||1854|
|Tomb of Charles Tennant||Seated marble figure of Charles Tennant of St Rollox||Patric Park||1838|
|Tomb of Walter Macfarlane, of the Saracen Foundry||Art-nouveau portrait panel||Bertram Mackennal of London||1896|
|Blackie publishing family tomb||Tomb slab||Talwin Morris (carved by J & G Mossman Ltd.)||1910|
|Monument to William McGavin||Statue by Robert Forrest||John Bryce||1834|
|Andrew McCall||Celtic cross to Andrew McCall||Charles Rennie Mackintosh||1888|
|Monument to Peter Lawrence||Statue of Life with a dashed torch||William Mossman||1840|
|Tomb to Mrs Margaret Montgomerie||Statues of "Hope" and "Resignation"||J G & W Mossman||1856|
Lord Provosts in the NecropolisEdit
Other burials of noteEdit
- Alexander Allan (ship owner)
- William Burns (Scottish historian)
- Hector Clare Cameron
- Peter Clouston
- Charles Connell, shipbuilder
- Very Rev James Craik Moderator for 1863/4
- William Doleman, golfer
- Neil Campbell Duff, cinema architect
- John Gibb Dunlop, engineer
- Nathaniel Dunlop
- John Elder (shipbuilder) and his philanthropist wife Isabella Elder
- Prof Francois Foucart, Professor Of Fencing at the French Royal Academy in Paris
- John Graham Gilbert, artist
- John Inglis (shipbuilder)
- James Jeffray, anatomist
- William Keddie, founder of the Scottish Sunday School system
- William Logan (temperance campaigner)
- David MacBrayne
- James McCall (veterinary surgeon)
- Very Rev James Duff MacCulloch
- Sir James MacFarlane (1857–1944), of MacFarlane Lang Biscuits
- John Macgregor shipbuilder
- David Prince Miller, magician and theatre owner
- William Miller, poet
- George Arthur Mitchell, mining engineer
- Sir James Roberton
- Alexander Stephen and Sons
- Peter Stewart (engineer) bronze sculpture by James Pittendrigh Macgillivray
- John Strang (writer)
- John Templeton and James Stewart Templeton, each of James Templeton & Co carpet makers (the latter grave was originally coloured to look like a carpet)
- Charles S. P. Tennent and his brother Hugh Tennent and son Hugh Tennent all of Wellpark Brewery (the graves face the brewery)
- William Thomson, Lord Kelvin
- William Aitken Thomson architect
- Rev Ralph Wardlaw
- James George Wilson
Glasgow Necropolis holds graves of 19 Commonwealth service personnel, 15 from World War I and 4 from World War II, that are registered and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The first, and highest ranking, of those buried here is Lieutenant-General Sir James Moncrieff Grierson, who died in August 1914 in France and whose body was repatriated. His grave is in section Primus 38.
Jews were allocated a small section of ground outwith the boundary of the main cathedral graveyard - Jews not being allowed burial in Christian burial ground. The ground contains 57 burials.
Burials began in 1832. The graveyard was superseded in 1855 when Jewish burials transferred to the Eastern Necropolis.
The cemetery is now subsumed within the later Necropolis and due to its low level location is often unrecognised in its significance.
The section was restored in 2015.
- Glasgow Necropolis Heritage Trail, Glasgow City Council
- Billy Connolly's World Tour of Scotland (1994)
- "Results". www.cwgc.org. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- William Wallace memorial - Canmore.org.uk
- Glasgow Necropolis Photographs
- Glasgow Necropolis Heritage Trail PDF
- Friends of Glasgow Necropolis
- Video footage of the Lady Well