Glasgow District was a Scottish amateur rugby union team which now plays as the professional provincial side Glasgow Warriors. Founded in 1872 it was a select provincial amateur rugby union team that drew its players mainly from the Greater Glasgow area, as well as others from the rest of the west of Scotland; roughly corresponding to the old Strathclyde regional council area. Historically the Glasgow District team played matches against touring teams visiting Scotland from abroad, and also competed in the Scottish Inter-District Championship.
|Full name||Glasgow District|
The Glasgow District rugby union team was founded in 1872. The team played the world's first inter-district match that year against Edinburgh District rugby union team.
The amateur Glasgow District side evolved into the professional Glasgow Warriors side in 1996; one year after rugby union allowed professionalism in 1995.
The Glasgow District side was formed in 1872 to play against an Edinburgh District side.
The teams met on 23 November 1872 at Burnbank Park at Woodlands in Glasgow; and Edinburgh District won 1 drop goal – 0 in a 20-a-side fixture. This is the oldest inter-district match in the world and to mark this the current Glasgow Warriors and Edinburgh Rugby sides play for the 1872 Cup every year.
The first Glasgow team in 1872:-
Backs: Thomas Chalmers (Glasgow Academicals), William Davie Brown (Glasgow Academicals),
William Hamilton Kidston (West of Scotland)
Half Backs: William Cross (Glasgow Academicals), T. A. Drew (Glasgow Academicals)
Quarters: George Buchanan McClure (West of Scotland), John Arthur (Glasgow Academicals) [Captain]
Forwards: John Kennedy Todd, Henry William Allan, Charles Chalmers Bryce, George Raphael Fleming,
J.S. Thomson, J.K. Brown (all Glasgow Academicals)
James Howe McClure, J. Kennedy, J.P. Tennant, Robert Wilson, G. Hunter, A. Cochrane (all West of Scotland)
J.W. Reid (Glasgow University)
After the initial match at Burnbank, the games rotated - in the twice a season format - between Raeburn Place in Edinburgh and Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Glasgow.
Selection of representative playersEdit
Often to aid the selection process of Glasgow District's players a trial match was played.
In Glasgow's case a trial match of hopefuls were divided into Blues and Whites teams, so the players could impress the selectors.
Glasgow also played a 'Rest of the West' team for selection.
With the exception of the first four years, the Glasgow v Edinburgh district fixture was more or less played annually; only being beaten by World War and occasional inclement weather.
Typically the Glasgow District side, in its early history, was crammed with Scottish international players.
The Glasgow team for the 5 December 1874 match is an example:
Backs: William Davie Brown [captain] ᵜ , James Stewart Carrick ᵜ (both Glasgow Academicals)
Half Backs: Malcolm Cross ᵜ (Glasgow Academicals), William Hamilton Kidston ᵜ (West of Scotland)
Quarters: James Howe McClure ᵜ , George Buchanan McClure ᵜ (both West of Scotland),
John Kennedy Todd ᵜ (Glasgow Academicals)
Forwards: Gilbert Heron ᵜ, Charles Chalmers Bryce ᵜ , Allan Arthur ᵜ , Henry William Allan ᵜ ,
George Raphael Fleming ᵜ (all Glasgow Academicals)
Tom Paterson Neilson ᵜ , John Alexander Neilson ᵜ , J.S. Kennedy, Preston (West of Scotland)
C.E. McArthur, Henry Melville Napier ᵜ , W.B. Russell, J. Hutchison (Glasgow University)
ᵜ Marked as Scottish internationalists.
The first 15-a-side match was played on 29 January 1876.
From the Inter-City formation in 1872, Edinburgh won the first two fixtures. Six draws followed, then came sporadic Edinburgh wins and draws. It wasn't until the 13th inter-city tie that Glasgow won the fixture.
The first winning Glasgow side in 1881:
David Kidston (G. Academicals), A. J. W. Reid and C. W. Dunlop (West of Scotland),
John Alexander Neilson (West of Scotland) and C. Ker (G. Academicals),
D. Y. Cassels [captain], D. McGowan, A. Walker, R. Adam (West of Scotland),
R. B. Young, J. Lang (Glasgow University),
John Blair Brown, R. A. Kerr, William Andrew Walls, G. H. Robb (G. Academicals).
Glasgow then held dominance till 1887 when once more Edinburgh won again. From the 1880s to the close of the 1890s Edinburgh won a total of only four times in 20-years. The tide turned back in Edinburgh's favour in 1898. With only a solitary Glasgow win in 1905, Edinburgh held sway until 1914.
Hamilton Crescent, New Anniesland, Old AnnieslandEdit
The games were postponed during the First World War period. After around 50-years at Hamilton Crescent – the West of Scotland ground in Woodlands, Glasgow – the Glasgow v Edinburgh fixture moved to Glasgow Academical's ground at New Anniesland, Glasgow, in 1921. This move prompted yet another shift in balance as Glasgow once again became the dominant force of the two districts. The fixture moved to Glasgow HSFP's ground Old Anniesland in 1927.
To coincide with the Scottish Football Union changing its name to the Scottish Rugby Union in 1924, the SRU made the Glasgow District Union into the Glasgow District Rugby Union that same year.
Glasgow often played matches against international and non-international touring teams. Occasionally both Glasgow and Edinburgh would field joint teams against the international touring teams.
One strange example is that of the New South Wales Waratahs world tour in 1927–28. They played against Glasgow District on 12 October 1927. Due to collapse of the Queensland Rugby Union they effectively were a de facto Australian national rugby team at the time and the Australian Rugby Union have decreed that their international matches of that tour should be taken as full tests. In the match against Glasgow, the Waratahs won 10–0.
The Scottish Inter-District Championship was established in the 1953–54 season. The Glasgow, Edinburgh, South and North and Midlands sides would play off to see which district was best in Scotland. From 1981 an Anglo-Scots or Scottish Exiles team was also invited into this championship.
- Glasgow v South 23 October 1973 match report
- Glasgow v North and Midlands 4 January 1975 match report
Famously the 1989 Glasgow District side went through the entire 1989–90 season undefeated:- winning the Scottish Inter-District Championship outright; drawing 18–18 with Munster away; winning 21–6 against Connacht away; and winning against Fiji
Glasgow Inter-District Championship-winning squad 1989-1990.
Graeme Smillie (Glasgow Academicals)
Dave Barrett, Matt Duncan, Dave McKee (West of Scotland), Ian Jardine, George Graham, Kevin McKenzie, Brian Robertson, Stewart Hamilton (all Stirling County), Derek Stark, Phil Manning, David McVey (Ayr), George Breckenridge, Ewan McCorkindale, Alan Watt, Shade Munro, Fergus Wallace, Derek Busby (all Glasgow High Kelvinside), Stewart McAslan (Glasgow Academicals), David Jackson (Hillhead Jordanhill).
The Scottish Inter-District Championship was also contested at Age Grade level. The Under 21 Glasgow District side won for the first time in 1986–87 season. With players like Shade Munro, Andrew Garry, Gordon Mackay, Gerry Hawkes and Murray Wallace in that side, it gave a good foundation for the 1989–90 season triumph and these young players later went on to represent the fledgling professional Glasgow side.
Effect of professionalismEdit
With the advent of professionalism in 1995, the Scottish Rugby Union realised that not even the best semi-professional Scottish club teams could compete in the new Professional Era in rugby union, which was beginning to gain great momentum in the professional leagues of the Southern Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere.
In an attempt to stay in touch with the leading nations the SRU formed four professional teams out of the four amateur districts of Scotland in 1996. It was these newly professional teams that would represent Scotland in the Heineken Cup and in the Celtic League. The amateur Glasgow District side was to become the professional Glasgow Warriors side.
For the subsequent history of the professional Glasgow rugby district team from 1996, see Glasgow Warriors.
Records and AchievementsEdit
|Inter-City||No Inter-City played|
Glasgow score given first. ᵜ Previous to 1876 only goals counted; tries were ignored in the result.
|Glasgow win||Edinburgh win||Draw|
Twice a season matchesEdit
|1872-73||23 Nov 1872||0 - 1dg||Report||XX a side||15 Jan 1873||0 - 1 gl, 2tr||Report||XX a side|
|1873-74||6 Dec 1873||0 - 0||Report||XX a side||24 Jan 1874||0 - 1 tr ᵜ||Report||XX a side|
|1874-75||5 Dec 1874||0 - 0||Report||XX a side||20 Feb 1875||0 - 0||Report||XX a side|
|1875-76||18 Dec 1875||0 - 0||Report||XX a side||29 Jan 1876||0 - 0||Report||XV a side|
1st 1872 - 73 match played at Burnbank Park in Woodlands, Glasgow;
2nd 1872 - 73 match played at Raeburn Place in Stockbridge, Edinburgh
1st 1873 - 74 match played at Raeburn Place.
2nd 1873 - 74 match played at Hamilton Crescent in Partick, Glasgow.
1st 1874 - 75 match played at Hamilton Crescent;
2nd 1874 - 75 match played at Raeburn Place.
1st 1875 - 76 match played at Hamilton Crescent;
2nd 1875 - 76 match played at Raeburn Place.
|1876-77||2 Dec 1876||0 - 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent; XV a side|
|1877-78||1 Dec 1877||0 - 1dg||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1878-79||no match; 9 weeks of frost|
|1879-80||20 Dec 1879||1gl - 1gl||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1880-81||4 Dec 1880||0 - 1gl, 2 trl||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1881-82||3 Dec 1881||1gl, 1tr - 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1882-83||2 Dec 1882||1gl, 1 tr - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1883-84||1 Dec 1883||1tr - 1gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1884-85||6 Dec 1884||1gl - 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1885-86||5 Dec 1885||1gl, 1tr - 2tr||Report||Hampden Park|
|1886-87||4 Dec 1886||1tr - 0||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1887-88||3 Dec 1887||0 - 2gl, 3tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1888-89||1 Dec 1888||1gl - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1889-90||7 Dec 1889||0 - 1dg||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1890-91||6 Dec 1890||1gl, 5tr - 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1891-92||5 Dec 1891||1dg, 1tr - 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1892-93||17 Dec 1892||1gl, 1tr - 3tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1893-94||16 Dec 1893||2gl, 2tr - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1894-95||1 Dec 1894||2 gl - 2 tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1895-96||7 Dec 1895||0 - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1896-97||5 Dec 1896||1tr - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1897-98||4 Dec 1897||1pg, 1tr - 1gl||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1898-99||3 Dec 1898||1dg, 3tr - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1899-1900||2 Dec 1899||1pg - 3tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1900-01||1 Dec 1900||0 - 2gl, 3tr||Report||Inverleith|
|1901-02||7 Dec 1901||0 - 2gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1902-03||13 Dec 1902||0 - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1903-04||5 Dec 1903||0 - 2gl, 5tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1904-05||3 Dec 1904||1tr - 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1905-06||2 Dec 1905||1gl, 2tr - 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1906-07||1 Dec 1906||0 - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1907-08||7 Dec 1907||0 - 0||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1908-09||5 Dec 1908||1tr - 1 gl, 1tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1909-10||18 Dec 1909||1gl, 2tr - 2gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1910-11||3 Dec 1910||1gl - 4gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1911-12||2 Dec 1911||2tr - 3gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1912-13||7 Dec 1912||1pg, 1tr - 2gl, 1tr||Report||New Anniesland|
|1913-14||6 Dec 1913||1dg - 1dg||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1914-19||no matches; war years|
|1919-20||6 Dec 1919||1pg - 2gl, 3tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1920-21||4 Dec 1920||1pg, 1tr - 1gl, 2tr||Report||Hamilton Crescent|
|1921-22||3 Dec 1921||1gl, 1tr - 1pg||Report||New Anniesland|
|1922-23||2 Dec 1922||1gl, 1tr - 1gl, 4tr||Report||New Anniesland|
|1923-24||1 Dec 1923||1plg - 1plg||Report||New Anniesland|
|1924-25||6 Dec 1924||4gl, 3tr - 2tr||Report||New Anniesland|
|1925-26||Report Report||no match; frost|
|1926-27||4 Dec 1926||3tr - 3gl, 1p, 1tr||Report||New Anniesland|
|1927-28||3 Dec 1927||1p - 1gl, 1tr, 1p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1928-29||1 Dec 1928||1g, 1d, 2p, 1tr - 3g, 1t||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1929-30||7 Dec 1929||1gl, 5tr - 1gl, 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1930-31||6 Dec 1930||3tr - 2p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1931-32||5 Dec 1931||2tr - 1gl, 1p, 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1932-33||3 Dec 1932||1gl, 1tr - 1gl, 4tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1933-34||2 Dec 1933||1gl, 1tr - 1p, 4tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1934-35||1 Dec 1934||1tr - 0||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1935-36||7 Dec 1935||4gl, 3tr - 0||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1936-37||5 Dec 1936||1gl, 1p, 1tr - 1p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1937-38||4 Dec 1937||4gl, 3p - 1p, 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1938-39||3 Dec 1938||2p, 1tr - 1dg, 3p, 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1939-45||no matches; war years|
|1945-46||1 Dec 1945||1tr - 5gl,1p, 2tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1946-47||7 Dec 1946||3tr - 4gl, 3tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1947-48||6 Dec 1947||2dg, 1tr - 1gl, 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1948-49||4 Dec 1948||2p, 1tr - 1p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1949-50||3 Dec 1949||0 - 1gl, 1p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1950-51||2 Dec 1950||1gl, 1p, 1tr - 1p||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1951-52||1 Dec 1951||2tr - 1tr||Report||Old Anniesland|
|1952-53||13 Dec 1952||1g, 2p, 1t - 2g, 1t||Report||Old Anniesland|
Scottish Inter-District ChampionshipEdit
The Inter-City match was then incorporated into the Scottish Inter-District Championship. For Glasgow's professional championship results from 1996 see Glasgow Warriors; for results of later Glasgow - Edinburgh matches see 1872 Cup.
|Scottish Inter-District Championship|
|1964–65||1st=||3||2||0||1||25||18||+7||-||4||Shared with South|
|1967–68||1st=||3||2||0||1||31||29||+2||-||4||Shared with Edinburgh and South|
|1970–71||2nd||2||1||0||1||29||28||+1||-||2||North and Midlands match cancelled|
|1971–72||1st=||3||2||0||1||52||43||+9||-||4||Edinburgh won play-off|
|1974–75||1st=||3||2||0||1||29||28||+1||-||4||Shared with North and Midlands|
|1975–76||1st=||3||2||0||1||38||34||+4||-||4||Shared with South and Edinburgh|
|1977–78||1st=||3||2||0||1||56||15||+31||-||4||Shared with South & Edinburgh|
|1991–92||4th||2||1||0||1||20||34||-14||-||2||Abbreviated tournament - no winner|
|1993–94||2nd||2||1||0||1||35||34||+1||-||-||(lost to South in cup final)|
Partial list of games played against international oppositionEdit
|1902||20 December||Canada||Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow||Win||11–3||1902-03 Canada rugby union tour|
|1931||28 October||South Africa||Hughenden Stadium, Glasgow||Loss||13–21||1931–32 South Africa rugby union tour|
|1974||24 September||Tonga||Hughenden Stadium, Glasgow||Win||33–16||Report|
|1979||6 November||New Zealand||Hughenden Stadium, Glasgow||Loss||6–12||1979 New Zealand tour of England, Scotland & Italy|
|1981||12 December||Australia||Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh||Loss||0–31||1981–82 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland Preview Report|
|1984||4 December||Australia||Hughenden Stadium, Glasgow||Loss||12–26||1984 Australia tour of Britain & Ireland|
|1985||6 September||Netherlands||The Hague||Win||26–12||Preview Report|
|1985||8 September||Belgium||Brussels||Win||23–9||Preview Report Tour Report|
|1987||16 September||France||Hughenden Stadium||Loss||9–28||Preview Report|
|1989||27 October||Fiji||Hughenden Stadium, Glasgow||Win||22–11||1989 Fiji rugby union tour of Europe|
Notable former playersEdit
British and Irish Lions from Glasgow DistrictEdit
The following former Glasgow District players have represented the British and Irish Lions.
Notable non-Scottish playersEdit
The following is a list of notable non-Scottish international representative former Glasgow players:
- "Glasgow Warriors". rugbystore.co.uk.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search".
- "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search".
- https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001876/19011206/010/0001 – via British Newspaper Archive. Missing or empty
- "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search".
- "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search".
- "BBC - A Sporting Nation - First Scottish Grand Slam". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
- Midlands First and Last. John Methven. H.B Rutherford publishers. 1989
- "Warriors Honour Winning Greats" (Press release). Scottish Rugby. 1 September 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Underdog tag spurred on our Glasgow title team, says Derek Stark". The Scotsman. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- McMurtrie, Bill (3 February 1988). "Glasgow's strong pack". The Glasgow Herald. p. 26. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- Border Reivers v Glasgow 24 October 1997 match programme
- https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001876/19021222/067/0004 – via British Newspaper Archive. Missing or empty
- "Rugby: South Africans in Glasgow". The Glasgow Herald. 28 October 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Scots warned to tackle the hit men". The Herald. 4 June 1993. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
- Vivian Jenkins, ed. (1980). Rothmans Rugby Yearbook 1980-81. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 21–22. ISBN 0362020183.
- Stephen Jones, ed. (1985). Rothmans Rugby Yearbook 1985-86. Queen Anne Press. pp. 38–39. ISBN 0-356-10942-9.
- Glasgow v South 8 December 1894 match report
- South v Glasgow, 27 October 1964 Match Report
- Edinburgh v Glasgow 4 December 1965 match report
- Glasgow v Edinburgh 22 November 1966 match report
- Glasgow v Edinburgh 14 November 1967 match report
- Glasgow v Edinburgh match report 5 December 1981
- Rugby title without a trophy, early history of inter-city matches, Glasgow Herald, 2 December 1980
- History of Glasgow District matches, Glasgow Herald, 18 March 1981