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Glamorganshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Glamorganshire was a parliamentary constituency in Wales, returning two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the British House of Commons. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided it into five new constituencies: East Glamorganshire, South Glamorganshire, Mid Glamorganshire, Gower and Rhondda.

Glamorganshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1536–1885
Number of memberstwo
Replaced byEast Glamorganshire, South Glamorganshire, Mid Glamorganshire, Gower and Rhondda

Contents

BoundariesEdit

This constituency comprised the whole of Glamorganshire.

HistoryEdit

For most of its history, the county constituency was represented by landowners from a small number of aristocratic families and this pattern continued until the nineteenth century. Following the Great Reform Act of 1832 a second county seat was created.

By the 1850s it had become virtually impossible for a Tory candidate to be elected as a county member since the industrial and urban vote could be rallied against him. This was proved in 1857 when Nash Vaughan Edwards-Vaughan failed in his attempt to dislodge one of the sitting members.[1] Thereafter, until redistribution in 1885 led to the abolition of the constituency, the representation was shared by C.R.M. Talbot and Hussey Vivian. In line with Liberal party policy in two-member constituencies to run candidates from both wings of the party, the Whig aristocrat Talbot collaborated well with the more Radical Vivian.[1]

Members of ParliamentEdit

MPs 1541–1832Edit

Year Member
1541 Sir George Herbert
1545 not known
1547 John Bassett
1553 (Mar) George Mathew
1553 (Oct) Anthony Mansell
1554 (Apr) Edward Mansell
1554 (Nov) Sir Edward Carne
1555 not known
1558 William Herbert I
1559 William Herbert I
1562/3 William Bassett
1571 William Bassett
1572 William Herbert II, died
and replaced 1577 by William Mathew
1584 Robert Sidney
1586 Thomas Carne
1588 Thomas Carne
1593 Sir Robert Sidney
1597 Sir Thomas Mansell
1601 Sir John Herbert
1604 Philip Herbert, ennobled
and replaced 1505 by
Sir Thomas Mansell
1614 Sir Thomas Mansell
1621 William Price
1624 Sir Robert Mansell
1625 Sir Robert Mansell
1626 Sir John Stradling
1628 Sir Robert Mansell
1640 (Apr) Sir Edward Stradling
1640 (Nov) Philip, Lord Herbert (inherited peerage 1649)
1653 Not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Philip Jones
Edmund Thomas
1656 Philip Jones
Edmund Thomas
1659 Evan Seys
1660 Sir Edward Mansel
1661 William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke
1670 Sir Edward Mansel
1679 Bussy Mansel
1681 Sir Edward Mansel
1689 Bussy Mansel
1699 Thomas Mansel, later Baron Mansel
1712 Robert Jones
1716 Sir Charles Kemeys
1734 William Talbot, later Earl Talbot
1737 Bussy Mansel, later Baron Mansel
1745 Thomas Mathews
1747 Charles Edwin
1756 Thomas William Mathews
1761 Sir Edmund Thomas
1767 Richard Turbervill
1768 George Venables-Vernon, later Baron Vernon
1780 Charles Edwin
1789–1814 Thomas Wyndham
1814 Benjamin Hall
1817 Sir Christopher Cole
1818 John Edwards
1820 Sir Christopher Cole
1830 Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot

MPs 1832–1885Edit

Election First member 1st Party 2nd member 2nd Party
1832 representation increased to two members under the Reform Act 1832
1832 Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Whig[2][3][4][5] Lewis Weston Dillwyn Whig[2][4][3][6][7]
1837 Edwin Wyndham-Quin, Viscount Adare Conservative[2][8]
1851 George Tyler Conservative[8]
1857 Sir Henry Vivian Whig[9][10][11]
1859 Liberal[8] Liberal[8]
1885 constituency abolished: see East Glamorganshire, South Glamorganshire, Mid Glamorganshire, Gower and Rhondda

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Wyndham-Quin Unopposed
Whig Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 5,384
Conservative hold
Whig hold
General election 1847: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Wyndham-Quin Unopposed
Whig Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 5,775
Conservative hold
Whig hold

Elections in the 1850sEdit

Wyndham-Quin succeeded to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, and causing a by-election.

By-election, 25 February 1851: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Tyler Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1852: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Tyler Unopposed
Whig Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 6,424
Conservative hold
Whig hold
General election 1857: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot 3,161 38.3 N/A
Whig Henry Vivian 3,002 36.4 N/A
Conservative Nash Vaughan Edwards-Vaughan[12] 2,088 25.3 N/A
Majority 914 11.1 N/A
Turnout 5,170 (est) 81.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 6,356
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1859: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Vivian Unopposed
Liberal Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 6,600
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Vivian Unopposed
Liberal Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 6,759
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Vivian Unopposed
Liberal Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Registered electors 11,329
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Vivian 4,100 35.7 N/A
Liberal Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot 4,040 35.1 N/A
Conservative Ivor Guest 3,355 29.2 N/A
Majority 685 6.0 N/A
Turnout 7,425 (est) 74.2 (est) N/A
Registered electors 10,006
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Glamorganshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Unopposed
Liberal Henry Vivian Unopposed
Registered electors 12,811
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Campbell 2000, p. 80.
  2. ^ a b c Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 191–192. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. pp. 56, 168. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b Hawkins, Angus (2015). Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart & Mind'. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-19-872848-1. LCCN 2014951692. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 222. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Jones, Victoria (17 August 2016). "Here's who and what all the blue plaques in Swansea honour". Wales Online. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  7. ^ Painting, David. "The Dillwyn Dynasty". Swansea University. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 526. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  9. ^ "Royal Cornwall Gazette". 9 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Election Movements in Devonshire". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 14 March 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Glamorganshire". Coventry Standard. 10 April 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "Local Elections". Hereford Times. 4 April 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 30 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.

SourcesEdit

Books and JournalsEdit

OtherEdit