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Gissar Range (Russian: Гиссарский хребет, also known as Hissar or Hisor Range) is a mountain range in Central Asia, in the western part of the Pamir-Alay system, stretching over 200 km in the general east-west direction across the territory of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Gissar Range
Гиссарский хребет
Anzob mountains.jpg
View of the Anzob Pass across the Hissar Range with the Zarafshan Range in the background
Highest point
Peak Khazret Sultan (former Peak of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party)
Elevation 4,643 m (15,233 ft)
Coordinates 38°55′N 68°15′E / 38.917°N 68.250°E / 38.917; 68.250Coordinates: 38°55′N 68°15′E / 38.917°N 68.250°E / 38.917; 68.250
Gissar RangeГиссарский хребет is located in Tajikistan
Gissar RangeГиссарский хребет
Location in Tajikistan
Country Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Parent range Pamir Mountains


The Gissar Range lies south of the Zeravshan Range, extending north of Dushanbe through Tajikistan's Gissar District of the Districts of Republican Subordination and reaching Uzbekistan at the north tip of Surkhandarya Province.[1] The highest point in the Gissar Range at 4,643 meters (15,233 ft) is located in Uzbekistan on the border with Tajikistan, just north-west of Dushanbe. Formerly known as Peak of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party, the Khazret Sultan is also the highest point in all Uzbekistan. The Gissar Range is composed of crystalline rocks, schist, and sandstone, punctured by granite intrusions.[2]


Hissar (Gissar) Valley, which encompasses the Shirkent National Park is a 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) reserve, which is expected to be expanded to some 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres) in the coming years, has an unusually high concentration of sites of historical and scientific interest.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Atlas of the Soviet Central Asian Republics, Geodesy and Cartography Authority, Moscow, 1988, in Russian.
  2. ^ Big Soviet Encyclopedia, on-line edition, accessed April 16, 2008.
  3. ^ Hissar Mountain Range, accessed December 1, 2016.