Gioia del Colle

Gioia del Colle (pronounced [ˈdʒɔːja del ˈkɔlle]; Barese: Sciò) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy. The town is located on the Murge plateau at 360 metres (1,180 ft) above sea level, between the Adriatic and Ionian Seas.

Gioia del Colle
Comune di Gioia del Colle
Location of Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle is located in Italy
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle
Location of Gioia del Colle in Italy
Gioia del Colle is located in Apulia
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle
Gioia del Colle (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°48′N 16°56′E / 40.800°N 16.933°E / 40.800; 16.933Coordinates: 40°48′N 16°56′E / 40.800°N 16.933°E / 40.800; 16.933
CountryItaly
Region Apulia
Metropolitan cityBari (BA)
FrazioniColonia Hanseniana, Corvello, La Torre, Casino Eramo e Marzagaglia, Monte Sannace, Montursi, Murgia, Santa Candida, Terzi, Villaggio Azzurro
Government
 • MayorGiovanni Mastrangelo (right wing)
Area
 • Total206.48 km2 (79.72 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2015)[2]
 • Total27,923
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gioiesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
70023
Dialing code080
ISTAT code072021
Patron saintSaint Philip Neri
Saint day26 May
WebsiteOfficial website

Physical geographyEdit

TerritoryEdit

 
Typical Murgia aspect

Gioia del Colle is on the top of a hill at 360 m a.s.l. It is located in the southern part of the Murge, in the "Sella di Gioia del Colle". It is between the North-West Murge and the South-West Murge and the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea. The municipal area has an area of 206.48 km² and it reaches a maximum altitude of 435 m a.s.l. and a minimum of 296 m a.s.l. Its area borders to the North-West with Acquaviva delle Fonti, to the North with Sammichele di Bari, to the North-East with Turi, to the East with Putignano and Noci, to the South-East with Mottola, to the South with Castellaneta, to the South-West with Laterza and to the West with Santeramo in Colle.

 
Gioia del Colle's orography

The landscape is characterized by large wooded areas, in which the Macedonian oaks dominate, more than the downy oak. In particular the Bosco Romanazzi and Serra Capece constitute the most conspicuous part of the wooded area of Gioia del Colle and they extend from Mount Sannace archaeological area to the provincial road that leads to Noci.

The western part of the area is part of the North-West Murge, with isoipse that exceed 400 m a.s.l. towards Santeramo and Laterza, while the Eastern one is part of the South-East Murge, with isoipse over 400 m a.s.l. towards Noci. In the middle, on the contrary, there is a depression (saddle) with an average altitude of 340 m a.s.l., interrupted only by the 360-meter hill on which the city lies.

ClimateEdit

Gioia del Colle's climate is mediterranean (Köppen Csa), but it has peaks of continentality due to the altitude and the distance from the sea. Temperature varies between −2 e +12 °C in winter, while it varies between +18 e +35 °C with a high percentage of humidity in summer. Annual rainfall is around 600 mm. It often snows, about once a year, especially if there is cold air of Balkan origin.

HistoryEdit

The current town of Gioia del Colle was born around Castello Normanno-Svevo, a castle of Byzantine origins.

Its name derives from Joha, a reduction of the surname Joannakis. It was a Byzantine family present in these places in the Middle Ages,[3] but there are many opinions and even legends on the origin of the toponym. One of the most famous is that according to a noble woman traveling in the lost area of jewels including a beautiful and precious necklace. The name "Gioia del Colle" was given to the place where the necklace was found. The complex and original history of the city of Gioia del Colle is also illustrated in its particular heraldic coat of arms: a goblet-shaped cup full of jewels and bordered by agricultural motifs. Unlike the coats of arms of the neighboring countries, that of Gioia del Colle, dating back to 1934, is not linked to any symbol depicting families, marquisates or dutchie. It tells the presence of a heterogeneous civilization ranging from poverty to wealth, from crafts to large estates . It is inspired by a sculpture made in 1480 by Joannes de Rocca, on a stone walled in the University of Gioia's seat. It depicts three coats of arms: that of Gioia with the inscription Universitas Joe, the Aragonese one with the royal crown and that of the Acquaviva counts of Conversano.

The inhabited area was rebuilt by the Norman Richard of Hauteville, only to be destroyed by William I of Sicily. It was re-founded in 1230 by Frederick II of Swabia on his return from the Crusade. It seems that the castle was a residence where he stopped during his hunting trips. It was then completed by the Angevins who opened windows on the curtain.

Between 1600 and 1800 the successive owners (Acquaviva d'Aragona, the De Mari and Donna Maria Emanuela Caracciolo) removed the appearance of a fortified residence from the complex.

The "new" city, however, would have originated from a much older settlement: Monte Sannace, about 5 km away from today's town. Archaeological excavations, even today, bring to light the remains of a village of Peucetians dating back to the 7th century BC. Gioia was born during the Byzantine dominion and then passed under the Norman dominion, it was given to Count Richard of Hauteville. Frederick II was responsible for the reconstruction of the castle. It was principality of Taranto and fief of the De Mari princes of Acquaviva delle Fonti until the abolition of feudalism.

 
Plaque commemorating the events of Marzagaglia in 1920.

Marzagaglia's massacreEdit

In 1920 the Marzagaglia massacre took place, in the difficult social and political climate of the first post-war period.[4] On 1 July 6 workers were killed and following day in retaliation three landowners.

Monuments and interesting placesEdit

Norman-Hohenstaufen castleEdit

 
The west fortifications of the castle

The Gioia del Colle Norman-Swabian Castle is the result of at least three construction interventions: one dating back to the Byzantine period, another to the Norman one and the last to the Swabian one. Initially it consisted of a fortified enclosure in stone ashlars. It was enlarged in the 12th century by the Norman Richard of Hauteville, who transformed it into a noble residence.

The final castle arrangement is due to Frederick II of Swabia around 1230. It has a quadrangular courtyard, halls and rooms that overlook it, and is bordered by four corner towers. Of the four original corner towers, which are mentioned in the book the Terra di Gioia both by the architect and tabular book Honofrio Tangho of 1640 and by Gennaro Pinto of 1653, today only two towers remain: that of De 'Rossi and that of the Empress.

The castle permanently houses the Gioia del Colle National Archaeological Museum.

 
The main Church

The main ChurchEdit

It was built towards the end of the 11th century by Riccardo Siniscalco with the name of "Palatine Church of St. Peter". It was initially dedicated to St. Peter, but it was later renamed "Madonna della Neve". The church was destroyed in 1764 by a fire. In the same year the church was rebuilt and dedicated to the nativity of the Blessed Virgin.This period dates back to the two stone sculptures on the front (S. Filippo Neri and the Madonna with the Child in her womb).

The church was damaged again in 1857, by an earthquake. It was then closed to worship. The church's front and the bell tower were restored in 1893.

The downfall of the bell tower dates back to 1942 and it is due to structural instability between the part built in the 12th century and that of 1893.

The Baptismal Books were established in the church in 1575 and the Registers of the Dead in 1584.

It has inside numerous frescoes dating back to different historical periods and a crypt in which the body of Prince Carlo III De' Mari is buried. It was rebuilt over the centuries, it still retains the original jamb of the entrance door and a sarcophagus used as a washbasin (preserved in the sacristy).

Other churchesEdit

  • Parrocchia Sacro Cuore
  • Parrocchia Santa Lucia
  • Parrocchia San Vito
  • Parrocchia Immacolata di Lourdes
  • Parrocchia Madonna di Loreto
  • Chiesa San Rocco
  • Chiesa Sant'Angelo
  • Chiesa Sant'Andrea
  • Chiesa San Domenico
  • Chiesa San Francesco
  • Chiesa del Crocifisso
  • Chiesa della Candelora
  • Chiesa Maria SS.Annunziata
  • Chiesa San Giuseppe lavoratore

Old town's archesEdit

Cassano distilleryEdit

Gioia area has always been interested in an important wine production, which in the past centuries found a market especially in France. When this trade was closed as a result of the protectionist measures of 1887 between Italy and France, producers began distilling the large quantities of unsold wine to produce cognac and alcoholic beverages.[5]

Following the example of others, in 1891 Paolo Cassano had a distillery set up inside the Cassano farm. The activity of the factory continued until 1914 (in this period the Italian Fides Cognac was born, the best known cognac produced in Gioia), when the company was put into liquidation due to a series of concomitant negative factors that had reduced it excellent profitability. First of all an epidemic of phylloxera which decimated the vineyards of the whole Puglia; furthermore, in 1912 there was a notable increase in taxation together with the abolition of tax rebates for cognac producers.[6]

The distillery passed to the Taranto family which kept in a state of neglect. In 1970 it was then sold to the USL (today public local health authority) to renovate it into a hospital. In 1997 the building was again sold to the municipality of Gioia del Colle.

The ancient distillery represented a pioneering example of the Apulian industry. Due to these considerations the Ministry of Cultural and Environmental Heritage has sanctioned its historical importance with the inscription in the list of monumental and environmental assets with a binding decree of 26 September 1992.

Renovated since 2006, the distillery occasionally hosts exhibitions and festivals, such as the mozzarella festival held in August.

Natural areasEdit

The Boschi Romanazzi are an oasis managed by WWF Italy.

SocietyEdit

Demographic evolutionEdit

Registered inhabitants:[7]

Foreign ethnicities and minoritiesEdit

CultureEdit

 
San Filippo Neri primary school.

InstructionEdit

SchoolsEdit

In Gioia del Colle there are 5 kindergartens, 4 primary schools and 2 lower secondary schools. The secondary schools which are located in the city are: the "Ricciotto Canudo" liceo scientifico, the "Publio Virgilio Marone" liceo classico and the "Galileo Galilei" industrial technical institute.

MuseumsEdit

National archeologic museumEdit

The Archaeological Museum's rooms are set up inside the Norman-Hohenstaufen Castle. There is a systematic exposure of the numerous grave items from the necropolis of Mount Sannace and Santo Mola which cover a wide chronological period. From the beginning of the 6th to the 2nd century BC. geometric and figurative vases, bronze weapons, fibulae and clay statuettes define the usual composition of the funerary objects of the indigenous center but also of the wider Peucete communities.

Monte Sannace Archaeological ParkEdit

The site is 5 km away from the town in the direction of Turi and it has been the subject of archaeological excavations since 1957 by the Superintendence of Antiquities of Puglia and Matera. The excavations have been completed in 1961, they brought to light a settlement of the ancient Peucezi dating back to the 9th century BC. which lasted, with brief interruptions, until the Hellenistic-Roman period (approximately until the 1st century AD).

The archaeological park includes some defensive circuits' areas and the north gate includes numerous tombs and various buildings of the acropolis, as well as a large part of the town.

The finds from the excavations are kept in the National Archeological Museum located inside the Norman-Swabian Castle.

CinemaEdit

Besides having given birth to Ricciotto Canudo, who during his stay in Paris increased the debate around the art of cinema, Gioia del Colle is linked to cinema for having hosted the set of three films, in different eras:

MusicEdit

  • The Gioia del Colle Music Band won the Venice International Competition in 1924 and the Professional Competition in Rome in 1929.
  • Since 1998 the international music competition Pietro Argento Award has been held in Gioia del Colle.
  • In 2012, from the initiative of numerous musicians from Gioia, Rockerella was born, a project of production, historical research, census and coordination of alternative music by Gioia del Colle, which becomes a festival of the same name and produces two compilations[9] and the documentary "Rockerella, history of Gioia del Colle's music from the 1950s to the present day ".[10]

TheatersEdit

  • Rossini municipal theater

EventsEdit

  • Festa Patronale di San Filippo Neri, 25 – 26 – 27 maggio;
  • Festa del compatrono San Rocco, 15 – 16 agosto;
  • Processione dei Sacri Misteri della Passione, Venerdì Santo;
  • Festival Internazionale TeatroLab2.0 – Chièdiscena, aprile – maggio;[11]
  • Palio delle Botti, agosto.[12]

EconomyEdit

Gioia del Colle is famous for its mozzarella and Gioia del Colle Primitivo wine. There are also important producers of pasta and extra virgin olive oil. Agriculture, dairy industries, cellars, pasta factories and oil mills together with commercial enterprises represent the economic engine of this country. Ansaldo Caldaie was present with a plant for the construction of large industrial boilers, a leader in the international field.

Red, white, rose, sweet dolce and fortified liquoroso wines are permitted in the Italian wine DOC of the area. Red and rose wine grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 12 tonnes/ha while white wine grapes are limited to a yield of 13 tonnes/ha. The reds and roses are a blend of 50–60% Primitivo, a 40–50% blend component of Montepulciano, Sangiovese, Negroamaro and Malvasia (with Malvasia being further limited to a 10% maximum). The whites are composed of 50–70% Trebbiano with other permitted local grape varieties, such as Pampanuto, making up the remainder. A varietal Primitivo wine is permitted, provided the wine is 100% composed of the grape with yields limited to 8 tonnes/ha and a minimum alcohol level of 13%. The dolce wine of the area is composed of at least 85% Aleatico with a 15% maximum blend component of Malvasia, Negroamaro and Primitivo making up the rest. The grapes must also be limited to a harvest yield of 8 tonnes/ha and have a minimum alcohol level of 15%. The liquoroso version must have a minimum alcohol of 18.5%.[13]

Infrastructure and transportEdit

StreetsEdit

The main Gioia del Colle's road districts of Gioia del Colle are:[14]

 
Gioia del Colle train station.

The train station is on the Bari-Taranto railway and it is Gioia del Colle-Rocchetta Sant'Antonio line.

AirportsEdit

The 36th Stormo of the Italian Air Force is at Gioia del Colle "Antonio Ramirez" air base.

Urban mobilityEdit

Urban public transport is a service made available by the municipal administration and managed by the Sabato Viaggi company. The network consists of two circular lines, two lines serving the Termosud area, two lines for the industrial area and two lines connecting the main school sites in the municipality of Gioia del Colle.

AdministrationEdit

 
San Domenico palace, town hall seat.
Period Office holder Party Title Notes
15 novembre 1986 18 giugno 1991 Angelo Longo DC Sindaco
18 giugno 1991 21 dicembre 1991 Giuseppe Gallo DC Sindaco
21 dicembre 1991 11 agosto 1992 Vincenzo Martinelli DC Sindaco
11 agosto 1992 28 gennaio 1993 Antonio Domenico Ludovico DC Sindaco
28 gennaio 1993 10 settembre 1993 Pasquale De Leonardis DC Sindaco
10 settembre 1993 8 maggio 1995 Luciana Perrotta
Ubaldo Basta
Luciano Marzano
Commissione
straordinaria
[15]
8 maggio 1995 14 giugno 2004 Sergio Povia PDS / DS Sindaco
14 giugno 2004 23 ottobre 2007 Vito Mastrovito DS Sindaco
23 ottobre 2007 29 aprile 2008 Claudio Palomba Commissario
29 aprile 2008 7 novembre 2011 Piero Longo PdL Sindaco
7 novembre 2011 22 maggio 2012 Maria Filomena Dabbicco Commissario
22 maggio 2012 9 marzo 2015 Sergio Povia PD Sindaco [16]
9 marzo 2015 23 giugno 2016 Rossana Riflesso Commissario
23 giugno 2016 18 maggio 2018 Donato Lucilla lista civica Sindaco
18 maggio 2018 27 maggio 2019 Umberto Postiglione Commissario
27 maggio 2019 in carica Giovanni Mastrangelo centrodestra[17] Sindaco

TwinningEdit

Other administrative informationEdit

Gioia del Colle is the capital of the South-East Murgia Barese mountain community, which groups together 6 municipalities.

SportEdit

 
PalaCapurso, home matches seat of the Gioia del Volley.

FootballEdit

The main football team in the city was the A.S.D. Pro Gioia, which played in Group B of the First Category until 2011. It was founded in 1911. The company colors are yellow and black. Currently there is the Partizan Gioia which plays in the Second Category.

VolleyballEdit

The local volleyball team is the New Real Volley Gioia which plays in the Italian A2 series of men's volleyball. The company colors are white and red. The team inherits the glories of the ASPC Volley Gioia and the Gioia del Volley company which boasted 4 seasons in the top flight: 1994–1995, 1995–1996, 2003–2004 and 2004–2005 as well as a Serie A2 Italian Cup final. Currently the structure that hosts the home matches of the New Real Volley Gioia is the PalaCapurso, a sports hall in Gioia del Colle.

After the excellent volleyball tradition started by the main team since 1975, other realities started in the national volleyball scene. The A.S.D. New Volley Joy of women's volleyball plays in the 2012–2013 season in the women's Serie C.[19]

Other sportsEdit

Local rugby team Federiciana Rugby A.S.D. was founded in 2010. It plays in the Apulian Serie C of the Italian Rugby Federation. In 2013 the team was refounded taking the name of Rugby Club Granata A.S.D., relying on a new technical guide. In 2017 the team is tinted pink, to become a women's rugby team at 7.

Basketball is played at a youth level. The A.S.D. Gioia Running was founded in 2012 and it participates in running competitions at the regional level.

Paolo Cantore, Patrizia Castellaneta and Vito Acito are militants in the A.S.D. Archers of the Murgia. They are athletes and they several times won the FITARCO regional title in the discipline of archery. Patrizia Castellanete in 2011 won the title of absolute Italian champion and Paolo Cantore in 2014 won the title of Italian team champion.

Sport systemsEdit

The local stadium is named "P. Martucci" and it is used by the local football teams. The F.I.G.C.-L.N.D. objected to the use of the facilities for rugby matches. Palasport Gioia del Colle is used for volleyball and basketball and it is called PalaCapurso. Finally, there are the PalaKoutnetsov, known as 'Palestrone' where the youth sector matches of Team Volley Joya (the Academy), of New Volley Gioia (Women's C Series) are hosted as well as matches of the youth championships of other Gioia volleyball teams.

PeopleEdit

 
Monument to Sergeant Romano.

TriviaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ Population from ISTAT
  3. ^ Berloco, Roberto (16 November 2013). "PERLE DI STORIA PUGLIESE / Gioia del Colle, origini bizantine per una storia di tutto rispetto (3° puntata)". Giornale di Puglia. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017.
  4. ^ Ottani, Ermando. "L'Eccidio di Marzagaglia (1° luglio 1920)". Storia e futuro (in Italian). Archived from the original on 9 July 2013.
  5. ^ Paradiso, Domenico (2020), Padroni del vapore – l'industria gioiese da fine '800 a metà '900, Comune di Gioia del Colle – Assessorato alla Cultura
  6. ^ Dentico, Pino; Ponte, Nunzio (1991). Le ciminiere mute – l'avventura di un'impresa pugliese fra Ottocento e Novecento. Fasano: Schena Editore.
  7. ^ Statistiche I.Stat - ISTAT;  URL visited on 28-12-2012.
  8. ^ Alfonso Marrese. Apulia Film Commission
  9. ^ Giulia, Sabia (25 July 2012). "Rockerella Festival, oltre ogni previsione".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Rockerella, il documentario sulla storia della musica gioiese, dagli anni '50 ai giorni nostri" (in Italian). 20 July 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "Festival Teatro Lab 2.0 Gioia del Colle". ANSA (in Italian). 23 April 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Sito ufficiale Palio delle Botti".
  13. ^ P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 167 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X
  14. ^ "MapQuest Maps – Driving Directions – Map".
  15. ^ Consiglio comunale sciolto per infiltrazioni mafiose con Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica 10 settembre 1993 Archived 9 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Sospeso dalla carica del 5 febbraio al 9 marzo 2015.
  17. ^ Lega, FI, FdI e 3 civiche
  18. ^ "Gemellaggio Gioia del Colle -Targoviste : GIOIADELCOLLE.INFO – Il portale di Gioia del Colle" (in Italian). Retrieved 18 December 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "Sito ufficiale della ASD New Volley Gioia". Newvolleygioia. 16 March 2012. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012.
  20. ^ ironic video of the historical interpretation of Claudio Villa (YouTube)

BibliographyEdit

  • Vincenzo Tuccillo. La nostra Gioia del Colle. Fasano, Schena Editore, 1998. ISBN 88-8229-080-8.
  • A. Ciancio, C. Colafemmina, C. D'Angela, A. Donvito, M. I. Gatti, M. Girardi, F. Matarrese, R. Striccioli, M. Tondo, A. M. Tripputi. Gioia – Una città nella storia e civiltà di Puglia. Fasano, Schena Editore, 1986. ISBN 88-7514-139-8.
  • L. Bertoldi Lenoci, A. Ciancio, A. Donvito, L. Fico, M. Girardi, N. Lavermicocca, O. Liuzzi, V. Marinelli, A. Muscedra, T. Piacente, D. Posa, G. Salvatori, A. Siciliano, R. Striccioli. Gioia – Una città nella storia e civiltà di Puglia. Vol. 2. Fasano, Schena Editore. ISBN 88-7514-252-1.
  • E. Cavalieri, P. Cordascio, E. M. De Juliis, A. Donvito, M. Donvito, M. Girardi, F. Magistrale, A. Muscedra, V. Marinelli, A. Muscedra, F. S. Perillo, L. Rossi, A. Siciliano, F. Terzulli. Gioia – Una città nella storia e civiltà di Puglia. Vol. 3. Fasano, Schena Editore, 1992. ISBN 88-7514-529-6.
  • Nicola Bitetti. Le chiese di Gioia nella storia e nell'arte. Fasano, Schena Editore, 1986.
  • Pino Dentico, Nunzio Ponte, (1991), Le ciminiere mute – l'avventura di un'impresa pugliese fra Ottocento e Novecento, Fasano, Schena Editore
  • Adolfo Armando Celiberti, Pagine di storia gioiese, in "Archivio Storico Pugliese", anno XIV (1961).
  • Vito Umberto Celiberti, Storia documentaria di Gioia Del Colle, dalle origini a roberto D'Angiò, Bari 2000. Cfr. anche Da Monte Sannace a Gioia "Storia di due città", Bari 2002

External linksEdit