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Gilmer is a city in and the county seat of Upshur County, Texas, United States.[3] It is best known for being the home of the East Texas Yamboree and the birthplace of popular music singers Don Henley of the Eagles band and Johnny Mathis, as well as blues musician Freddie King. The population was 4,905 at the 2010 census.

Gilmer, Texas
Buffalo Street in Gilmer
Buffalo Street in Gilmer
Location of Gilmer, Texas
Location of Gilmer, Texas
Upshur County Gilmer.svg
Coordinates: 32°43′57″N 94°56′49″W / 32.73250°N 94.94694°W / 32.73250; -94.94694Coordinates: 32°43′57″N 94°56′49″W / 32.73250°N 94.94694°W / 32.73250; -94.94694
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyUpshur
Area
 • Total4.6 sq mi (12.0 km2)
 • Land4.6 sq mi (12.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
367 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,905
 • Density1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
75644-75645
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-29564[1]
GNIS feature ID1336535[2]
WebsiteCity of Gilmer official website.

HistoryEdit

The city's namesake is a former United States Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Walker Gilmer. The historic Trail of Tears came through this region, so to this day arrowheads and other Native American artifacts can be found with little to no digging. On July 24, 1919, Chilton Jennings was arrested for assaulting a white woman. A mob of about 1000 white people stormed the jail and brought him out. Once outside a noose was placed around his neck and he was dragged several blocks before he was hung in the town square.

GeographyEdit

 
Main Highway in Gilmer, Texas (US-271)
 
Downtown Gilmer, Texas

Gilmer is located at 32°43'57" North, 94°56'49" West (32.732387, -94.946980).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 mi2 (12.0 km2), all of it land.

Four miles west of Gilmer is Lake Gilmer, which opened September 29, 2001.

Gilmer is part of a larger area known as the "Piney Woods". The city and the surrounding area boast a number of impressive specimens.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880386
189059153.1%
19101,484
19202,26852.8%
19301,963−13.4%
19403,13859.9%
19504,09630.5%
19604,3125.3%
19704,196−2.7%
19805,16723.1%
19904,822−6.7%
20004,799−0.5%
20104,9052.2%
Est. 20185,134[5]4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 4,799 people, 1,926 households, and 1,300 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,038.5 people per square mile (401.1/km²). The 2,214 housing units averaged 479.1 per mi2 (185.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.91% White, 20.23% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.90% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.42% of the population.

Of the 1,926 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were not families. About 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was distributed as 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,487, and for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $32,437 versus $17,910 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,823. About 15.9% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under the age of 18 and 21.0% of those 65 and older.

Notable peopleEdit

In musicEdit

In sportsEdit

In other fieldsEdit

EducationEdit

Gilmer is served by the Gilmer Independent School District.

In popular cultureEdit

Gilmer is mentioned in the Michelle Shocked song "Memories of East Texas" on her album Short Sharp Shocked.

ClimateEdit

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Gilmer has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ Merline Pitre. "David Abner, Sr". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Gilmer, Texas

External linksEdit