Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster

Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster, PC (1 October 1830 – 24 December 1910), known as 2nd Baron Aveland from 1867 to 1888 and as 25th Baron Willoughby de Eresby from 1888 to 1892, was a British Liberal politician and court official.

Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster

Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, Vanity Fair, 1881-07-30.jpg
"A great officer of State". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1881.
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Boston
In office
1852–1856
Serving with Benjamin Cabbell
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Rutland
In office
1856–1867
Serving with Hon. Gerard Noel
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born(1830-10-01)1 October 1830
Died24 December 1910(1910-12-24) (aged 80)
Resting placeChurch of St. Michael and All Angels, Edenham, Lincolnshire, England
Political partyLiberal
Children
MotherClementina Elizabeth Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby
FatherGilbert Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland

Early lifeEdit

Born Gilbert Henry Heathcote, he was the son of Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland and Clementina Elizabeth Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

CareerEdit

In 1852, Ancaster was elected to the House of Commons for Boston, a seat he held until 1856, and then represented Rutland until he succeeded his father as second Baron Aveland in 1867. In 1872, he assumed by Royal licence the additional surnames of Willoughby and Drummond. He held the office of Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain from 1871 to 1901 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1880.

In 1888, he succeeded his mother as twenty-fifth Baron Willoughby de Eresby and four years later he was created Earl of Ancaster, in the County of Lincoln. This was a revival of the title held by his maternal ancestors the Dukes of Ancaster and Kesteven.

Personal lifeEdit

 
Burial place, in the churchyard of the Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Edenham, Lincolnshire

Lord Ancaster married Lady Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Charles Gordon, 10th Marquess of Huntly, in 1863. Together, they were the parents of ten children:[2]

  • Lady Evelyn Clementina Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1864–1924), married Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Ewart, 1st Baronet of White House.
  • Lady Margaret Mary Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1866–1956), married in 1902 Gideon Macpherson Rutherford, barrister-at-law.
  • Hon. Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1867–1951), succeeded as 2nd Earl of Ancaster.
  • Lady Nina Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1869–1940).
  • Brig.-Gen. Hon. Charles Strathavon Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1870–1949), fought in the Second Boer War and World War I.
  • Lt.-Col. Hon. Claud Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1872–1950), fought in the Second Boer War and World War I, and was a Conservative politician.
  • Lady Cecilie Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1874– ) married Thomas Clarence Edward Goff.
  • Lady Alice Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1876–1951).
  • Lady Mary Adelaide Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1878–1960), married the 14th Earl of Dalhousie and became the mother of both the 15th and the 16th Earl.
  • Lt-Cdr Hon. Peter Robert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, RN (1885–1914), naval officer killed in the sinking of HMS Monmouth at the Battle of Coronel.

Lord Ancaster died on 24 December 1910, aged 80, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son. His tomb stands alongside that of his uncle in the churchyard at Edenham in Lincolnshire; together the tombs constitute a Grade II listed building.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Willoughby, Gilbert Henry Heathcote (WLHY849GH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ Burke's
  3. ^ Historic England. "Pair of tombs at east end of Church of St. Michael (Alberic Drummond Willoughby and Earl of Ancaster)  (Grade II) (1360078)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2016.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James William Freshfield
Benjamin Cabbell
Member of Parliament for Boston
1852–1856
With: Benjamin Cabbell
Succeeded by
Herbert Ingram
Benjamin Cabbell
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt
Hon. Gerard Noel
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1856–1867
With: Hon. Gerard Noel
Succeeded by
Hon. Gerard Noel
George Finch
Court offices
Preceded by
The 23rd Lord Willoughby de Eresby
Lord Great Chamberlain
Acting

1871–1888
Succeeded by
Himself
Preceded by
Himself
as Deputy
Lord Great Chamberlain
1888–1901
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Ancaster
1892–1910
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Preceded by
Gilbert John Heathcote
Baron Aveland
1867–1910
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Clementina Drummond-Willoughby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
1888–1910
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby