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Oriental giant squirrel

  (Redirected from Giant squirrel)

Oriental giant squirrels are cat-sized tree squirrels from the genus Ratufa in the subfamily Ratufinae. They are a distinctive element of the fauna of south and southeast Asia.

Oriental giant squirrels
Temporal range: Middle Miocene to Recent
Malabar Giant Squirrel-Dogra.jpg
Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Subfamily: Ratufinae
Moore, 1959
Genus: Ratufa
Gray, 1867

Ratufa affinis
Ratufa bicolor
Ratufa indica
Ratufa macroura



Skeleton of a Ratufa species

There are four living species of oriental giant squirrels:

In prehistoric times this lineage was more widespread. For example, animals very similar to Ratufa and possibly belonging to this genus–at least belonging to the Ratufinae–were part of the early Langhian (Middle Miocene, some 16–15.2 million years ago) Hambach fauna of Germany.[1]


  1. ^ Gee, Carole T.; Sander, P. Martin; Petzelberger, Bianka E .M. (2003). "A Miocene rodent nut cache in coastal dunes of the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany". Palaeontology. 46 (6): 1133–1149. doi:10.1046/j.0031-0239.2003.00337.x.