Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (Persian: غلامعلی حداد عادل, born 9 May 1945) is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Parliament. He was the first non-cleric in the post since the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He was one of the candidates in the 2013 presidential election but withdrew on 10 June, four days before the election. He is part of "neo-principalist" group in the Iranian political scene.
|21st Speaker of the Parliament of Iran|
6 June 2004 – 27 May 2008
Acting: 29 May – 5 June 2004
|Preceded by||Mehdi Karroubi|
|Succeeded by||Ali Larijani|
|Member of the Parliament of Iran|
28 May 2000 – 27 May 2016
|Constituency||Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr|
Gholam-Ali Mashhad Mohammad-Ali Haddad
9 May 1945
|Political party||Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces|
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
|Islamic Republic Party (1980–1987)|
|Relatives||Mojtaba Khamenei (son-in-law) |
Ali Khamenei (co-fathers-in-law)
|Alma mater||University of Tehran|
Early life and educationEdit
Haddad-Adel was born in Tehran on 9 May 1945 into a business family. He received a bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Tehran and also, a master's degree in physics from University of Shiraz. He also holds a PhD in philosophy from the University of Tehran which he received in 1975.
Following the Iranian Revolution Haddad-Adel became a member of the Islamic Republic Party and he served in many governmental posts, including deputy culture and Islamic guidance minister (1979) and deputy education minister (1982–1993). Since 1995 he has been serving as the head of the Iranian Academy of Persian Language and Literature (except for August 2004 – 2008). He is also the executive director of the Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation. He contributed to the establishment of the national Scientific Olympiads in Iran.
Haddad-Adel served at the Majlis for thirteen years, over four terms. He officially ranked as the 33rd candidate of Tehran in the 2000 parliamentary election after recounts by the Council of Guardians which led to an annulment of 700,000 Tehrani votes and the removal of Alireza Rajaei and Ali Akbar Rahmani from the top 30, and the withdrawal of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. Haddad-Adel collected the most votes from Tehran four years later, while most Tehranis refused to vote in 2004 election because many reformist candidates where not allowed to run. He was supported by the Abadgaran alliance and became the Speaker of Parliament for one year beginning 6 June 2004, with 226 votes out of 259, running unopposed. He became the first non-clerical speaker since the revolution. Since 2008, he has been the advisor to the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. In 2012, he ran for the Majlis speakership, but lost the bid.
Speaker of ParliamentEdit
As the speaker of Parliament, he condemned the bombing of Samarra. He added that Islamic countries must promote solidarity through guaranteeing unity and security against common enemies. He is the first senior Iranian parliamentary official to hold negotiations with both his counterpart in Cairo and President Mubarak after the Islamic revolution.
Haddad-Adel run for office in the presidential election held in July 2013. He formed a coalition named 2+1 with Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and Ali Akbar Velayati in October 2012 to one of them be the coalition's candidate in the upcoming election. He was registered as a presidential candidate and was approved to run in the election by the Guardian Council, a vetting body of clerics and jurists, along with seven other men.
He withdrew his candidacy from 14 June presidential election on 11 June. He said in a statement carried by the semi-official Mehr news agency:
"With my withdrawal I ask the dear people to strictly observe the criteria of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution (Khamenei) when they vote for candidates."
He did not endorse a single candidate, but called for a hardline conservative victory. "I advise the dear people to take a correct decision so that either a conservative wins in the first round, or if the election runs to a second round, the competition between two conservatives."
President of Academy of Persian Language and LiteratureEdit
Haddad-Adel is also the second president of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature. His presidency at the academy has focused on language policy and planning, and promotion of the Persian language in all domains.
|2000||Parliament||556,054||25.20||29th||Won after recount|
Haddad-Adel is a senior member in the conservative umbrella organizations Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, as well as the Popular Front of Islamic Revolution Forces (JAMNA) and is considered close to the Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution and the Society of Pathseekers of the Islamic Revolution.
According to a poll conducted in March 2016 by Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (iPOS) among Iranian citizens, Haddad-Adel has 51% approval and 27% disapproval ratings and thus a +24% net popularity; while 13% of responders don't know him.
One of Haddad-Adel's most significant views has been on the hijab in western civilization. According to him in the book of The Culture of Nakedness and the Nakedness of Culture, the issue of veiling and clothing in the West is problematic. He believes that materialism is the mentality which is governed by Western culture. The culture is based on the priority of material life, with no value in anything beyond materialism. The origin of materialism as a worldview is humanism, according to the renaissance. According to Haddad-Adel, religion serves an important role in Iranian education. Referring to the dominance of religious thought in education, he pointed out that religious education is one result of the victory of the Islamic revolution. He believes that the problem of human freedom is a permanent one. The problem itself has changed with the appearance of new theories in scientific and philosophic domains, particularly in the field of anthropology. He is also an admirer of the development of non-governmental higher education, and believes that developing such schools would lead to decreased demands on the administration of education and pedagogy.
Haddad-Adel's daughter married Mojtaba Khamenei, the son of Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. This has led to the popular belief that he is among the most trusted and backed allies of Ayatollah Khamenei.
- Farhang-e Berahnegi va Berahnegi-e Farhangi (Culture of Nudity and Nudity of Culture), Soroush, Tehran, 1981, translated into Urdu, Arabic, and Turkish.
- Haj: Namaaz-e Bozorg (Hajj: the Grand Prayer), Sana, Tehran, 2000.
- Daaneshnaame-ye Jahaan-e Eslam (The Encyclopedia of the Islamic World), Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation, Volumes 2–6 (as supervisor), 1996–2001.
- Textbooks on sociology, social science, Civil studies and Qur'an, for high school and guidance schools.
- Tamhidaat: Moghaddame-i baraaye har Maa-ba'd-ot-tabi'e-ye Aayande ke be onvaan-e yek Elm Arze Shavad, a translation of Immanuel Kant's Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics, Iran University Press, Tehran, 1988.
- Nazariye-ye Ma'refat dar Falsafe-ye Kaant, a translation of Justus Hartnack's Kant's Theory of Knowledge, Fekr-e Rooz, Tehran, 2000.
- Translation of Quran
He translated Quran to Persian.The translation of Quran by him lasted for 9 years. He try to use of all new and old translations and consult with other scholars of Quran during the translation. The book has been exhibited in the nineteenth international fair of Quran in Iran. He try to pave the way for more easily understanding of Quran for all. The translation of Quran according to Hadad is based on the conceptual translation. He pointed out that since many Persian people could not read very well Arabic language then he undertake the task.
- "حداد عادل رييس مجلس هفتم شد". BBC Persian. 6 June 2004. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "علی لاریجانی رئیس موقت مجلس نهم ایران شد". BBC Persian. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "حداد عادل رييس موقت مجلس ايران شد". BBC Persian. 29 May 2004. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- نام خانوادگی سابق حداد عادل (عکس), Asr Iran (in Persian), 8612270466, retrieved 20 January 2016
- حداد عادل از ادامه رقابت ها انصراف داد + بیانیه وی Iran Elect
- Sabet, Farzan (June 2013). "The Islamic Republic's political elite and Syria" (PDF). IranPolitik. Archived from the original (Special Report) on 11 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "Iran's Political Elite". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "Biographies of Eight Qualified Candidates for Iran Presidential Election". Iran Review. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- Yonah Alexander; Milton M. Hoenig (2008). The New Iranian Leadership: Ahmadinejad, Terrorism, Nuclear Ambition, and the Middle East. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-275-99639-0. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- Katzman, Kenneth (17 June 2013). "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses" (CRS Report for US Congress). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Casey L. Addis (2010). Iran: Regional Perspectives and U. S. Policy. DIANE Publishing. ISBN 9781437925289.
- Conservative drops out of Iranian presidential election Haaretz
- Candidate quits Iran presidential race CNN, 10 June 2013
- "فرهنگستان زبان و ادب فارسی". Persian Academy. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- Angel Lin, Peter W. Martin (2005). Decolonisation, Globalisation: Language-in-education Policy and Practice. Multilingual Matters. p. 110. ISBN 1853598240.
- Sinkaya, Bayram (2015), The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics: Elites and Shifting Relations, Routledge, p. 168, ISBN 1317525647
- "Final Attempts toward a Principlist Coalition to Block Rouhani's Reelection". Iranian Diplomacy. 25 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Banafsheh Keynoush (2012), "Iran after Ahmadinejad", Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, New York: Springer Science+Business Media, 54 (3): 127–146, doi:10.1080/00396338.2012.690988
- "ظریف محبوبترین چهره سیاسی ایران". Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (in Persian). 24 May 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Pamela Karimi (2013). Domesticity and Consumer Culture in Iran: Interior Revolutions of the Modern Era. Routledge. p. 157. ISBN 113510137X.
- Colin Brock, Lila Zia Levers (2007). Aspects of Education in the Middle East and Africa. Symposium Books Ltd. p. 101. ISBN 1873927215.
- Gholam Ali Hadad Adel (2006). A glance on the perspective of freedom. pp. 43–58.
- A conversation with professors on development of Highly education in Iran. Name Otaghe Bazargani. 2011. p. 23.
- "Mohammad Reza Aref". Iran Election Watch. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Bazoobandi, Sara (11 January 2013). "The 2013 presidential election in Iran" (PDF). MEI Insight. 88. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Murteza Kariminia (2011). Reports of translation. Tarjoman Vahy. p. 121.
- Ali Najjarpourian,Ramazanali Gorji (2012). I ttranslate Quran into persian concept by concept. Roshde-e- Amoozesh Quran. p. 13.
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