Ghanche District

The Ghanche District (Urdu: ضلع گانچھے, Balti: གངས་ཅེ) is the easternmost district of the 14 districts of Pakistan-administered territory of Gilgit-Baltistan.[1][2][3] Pakistan Army's brigade headquarters is located at Goma, Ghanche district.[4] Pakistan Army's Gayari Sector Battalion Headquarters is 20 miles (32 km) west of Siachen Glacier. With its administrative headquarters in the historic city of Khaplu, the Ghanche District is famous as a tourist destination for its outstanding scenery and high altitude landscapes.

Ghanche District
གངས་ཅེ
Stunning view of the Haldi Cones peaks that are typical of the high Karakoram Mountains
Stunning view of the Haldi Cones peaks that are typical of the high Karakoram Mountains
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with the Ghanche District highlighted in red
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with the Ghanche District highlighted in red
Country Pakistan
Territory Gilgit-Baltistan
DivisionBaltistan Division
HeadquartersKhaplu
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerAdeel Haider (PAS)
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total160,000
Number of Tehsils3

GeographyEdit

 
The 7,821 m (25,659 ft) tall Masherbrum or K-1 peak as viewed from Surmo alone with largest village of Baltistan Ghursay (right side )
 
The village of Ghursay, in a picture taken from the Saling Bridge over the Shyok River

The Ghanche District is bounded on the north-east by the Kashgar Prefecture and the Hotan Prefecture of China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, to the south-east by the Leh District of Indian-administered Ladakh, on the south-west by the Kharmang District, on the west by the Skardu District, and on the north-west by the Shigar District. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) is located at the easternmost part of the Ghanche District, across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL, including the entire Siachen Glacier, is currently controlled by India. It has been proposed by moderates in both India and Pakistan to turn the entire Siachen Glacier area into a "peace park". The area west of the Saltoro Ridge is controlled by Pakistan.

The headquarters of the Ghanche District is the town of Khaplu.[5] The Ghanche District is the coldest place within Pakistan and its administered territories and is referred to as the "third pole", with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. The Khaplu Valley and the Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of the Karakoram Mountains[6] that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), the Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m),all of which are also included in the Skardu District).[7]

EtymologyEdit

The word "gang" in the Balti language means "glacier", and '"che" is used as a superlative term to indicate "an abundance". The word is used by the residents of the Khaplu Valley in the name of the Ghanche Nallah, a seasonal stream which flows through the town of Khaplu during the summer season. When the Pakistani government elevated the status of the Ghanche Tehsil to that of a district, the people of the valley willingly selected the name "Ghanche".[8]

AdministrationEdit

 
The historic village of Machlu, which features a mosque built in the typical style of the Baltistan Division
 
An evening scene in the village of Goma

The Ghanche District is divided into three tehsils:

  • Khaplu Tehsil
  • Daghoni Tehsil
  • Masherbrum Tehsil

The three tehsils are divided into 56 union councils, with each council containing many villages. Four villages of the Chorbat Valley were lost in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.[9][10] Those were the villages of Chalunka, Thang, Turtuk, and Tyakshi. .[11] Some of them are given in the chart below.

Name of Village/Town[12] Muhallahs in the Village/Town
Daghoni Malagrong, Baleeva, kharmang, Thagna, shigalgrong, chogogrong, baktawa, Haiderabad
Khaplu Bala Mouldomar, Sargaib, Stodkhoor (Braqchansar, Khansar, Banpi, Hundili Gharalti, Laxar), Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong, Goma staqji (Muhsinabad), Langkhong (Islamabad), Hatchhe khar, Hatchhe, Hatchhe, Dinis(faizbaksh sector), Gamba Bngriya, goma Bngriya, Doqsa Garbochung,
Khaplu Pain Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung
Balghar Soq,Yompoya,Loda,Khankha Groing, marmung,Gon,Chan Gon, Ungbo,Gongmayar,Bazawa,Khodakha,Garieppa,Kharwathaing,khashou,Gamba Bardas.
Kharkoo Mandik, Arapa, Malayar, Thana Gamba Trangzong, Gongma Trangzong, Garbong, Youlskil, Piyara, Shopacholi, Lahar, Sogha
Haldi
Chorbat Siksa (Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Piun, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu
Saling Banpi Gabkhore, Doqbar, Biliggrong, Sotol, Gond
Thagas * Newti Chan, Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq,

, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung,Lhangkhani Groung.

Yugo Baqir Colony
Ghawari Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha
Kuro Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Bani gala ,Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,Khuram abad,Ldamxong,
Gulshan-e-Kabir Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)
Dumsum mallon, gabser, mongron,khachepa,yarkhor,oling,skoungoa, barngmalla,
Ghursay Goma(turu,lagaf,Muhammadi market,broqkhor),Skilma(dankhor,khanfuva,burcon,zgakhon),Gamba(karowa,lunkhavikhor,kazimpikhor,raisha),

Paindo(paindo,ghazithang) This is name of sub areas of Ghursay today's present. The main areas of Ghursay are demolished due to flood and soil erosion since past 50-70years. Todays only 1/6 area of Ghursay are present.

Sino
Talis Nima bazar, hussani chock,
Saltoro Mandik, Saith, Ghaglu and Goma
Surmo Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar
Kundos Karmanding,Gubla, Choghogrong, Telcho , bagey, shakhma ,Lachat, Thang, Hano, Khorkondo, Farol,
Machulu Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi
Hushe
Marzi Gon
BARA Valley Baltistan Gumba BARA (Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, Bara Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori), Gungma BARA (Spinpa, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka, Pandiva, Darussalam, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa, Tatous)
Thalay Haltagari Baltoro, daltir, yarkhor, taso, harangus, parangus, Chundu, khasomik, bordas, gaworic, lodas.
Keris Oroba, Sumalsa, kashiba, Sadat colony, Barchong, Khargrong, Dangah, Youljuk, Charathang, Ural Gone, Banpa,Mustafaabad,Shagaran,barchong.

ReligionEdit

 
The Chaqchan Mosque, which dates to 1370 A.D., around the time that the district's inhabitants converted to Islam

The majority of the people living in the Ghanche District belongs to Noorbakhshi sect, with the rest belonging to the Shia, Sunni, and Wahabi sects. A religious leader locally called a "bowa" has a very important place in Ghanche society.

TourismEdit

Ghanche is one of the most visited tourist destination in Pakistan. Famous places to visit in Ghanche are:

  • Haldi Cones View Point
  • Thaley Broq
  • Daghoni Valley
  • Balghar ranga
  • Dongsa Rock Kuroo
  • Hushe Valley
  • Nangma Valley
  • Chaqchan Mosque
  • Khaplu Fort
  • Thoqsi Khar
  • Hot Spring Kondus
  • Gyari Yadgar e Shuhada Saltoro

[13]

EducationEdit

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, Ghanche is ranked 29th out of 141 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 118th out of 155.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The serenity of Ghanche: Of mountains, rivers and valleys".
  2. ^ "Mapping education india2015".
  3. ^ "Rifts within Nurbakhshiyas: Dozens arrested after clashes in Ghanche Valley".
  4. ^ "The real enemy on the world's highest battlefield".
  5. ^ "Khaplu — off the beaten path".
  6. ^ Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
  7. ^ "History of Ganche and places to see". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18.
  8. ^ Arz-e-Shimal by Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
  9. ^ "Turtuk, a Promised Land Between Two Hostile Neighbours".
  10. ^ "An encounter with the 'king' of Turtuk, a border village near Gilgit-Baltistan".
  11. ^ "geography of baltistan".
  12. ^ District Body Ghanche
  13. ^ "Ghanche District". Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2019-08-16.