Gervais, Oregon

Gervais /ˈərvɪs/ is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,464 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Gervais, Oregon
Fourth Street in downtown Gervais
Fourth Street in downtown Gervais
Official seal of Gervais, Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°6′30″N 122°53′51″W / 45.10833°N 122.89750°W / 45.10833; -122.89750Coordinates: 45°6′30″N 122°53′51″W / 45.10833°N 122.89750°W / 45.10833; -122.89750
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyMarion
Incorporated1874
Government
 • MayorAnnie Gilland
Area
 • Total0.39 sq mi (1.00 km2)
 • Land0.39 sq mi (1.00 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
184 ft (56.1 m)
Population
 • Total2,908
 • Estimate 
(2022)[3]
3,047
 • Density7,155.44/sq mi (2,762.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97026
Area code(s)503
FIPS code41-28650[4]
GNIS feature ID1121112[5]
Websitewww.gervaisoregon.org

HistoryEdit

The city is named for pioneer Joseph Gervais who was one of the first settlers on French Prairie.[6]

On October 6, 1902, the business district of the city burned and losses were estimated at $100,000. The local fire department's power was insufficient to handle the fire so Portland and Salem were called upon to help. Unfortunately they were unable to respond in time to help. In little over an hour all but two of the businesses in the town had burned to the ground.[7]

In the late 1960s, Russian Old Believers established a small colony between Gervais and Mt. Angel.[8] As of 2002, Oregon had the highest population of Old Believers in the United States.[8]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.39 square miles (1.01 km2), all of it land.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880202
1900224
191027623.2%
1920268−2.9%
1930254−5.2%
194033230.7%
195045737.7%
1960438−4.2%
197074670.3%
19807997.1%
199099224.2%
20002,009102.5%
20102,46422.6%
20202,90818.0%
2022 (est.)3,047[3]4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,464 people, 579 households, and 506 families living in the city. The population density was 6,317.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,439.4/km2). There were 628 housing units at an average density of 1,610.3 per square mile (621.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.4% White, 0.6% African American, 3.7% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 38.0% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67.1% of the population.

There were 579 households, of which 61.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 12.6% were non-families. 7.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.25 and the average family size was 4.40.

The median age in the city was 26.3 years. 37.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 17.8% were from 45 to 64; and 3.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.5% male and 47.5% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,009 people, 452 households, and 391 families living in the city. The population density was 5,133.7 people per square mile (1,988.9/km2). There were 477 housing units at an average density of 1,218.9 per square mile (472.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 40.32% White, 0.35% African American, 1.54% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 52.91% from other races, and 4.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 65.21% of the population.

There were 452 households, out of which 59.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.3% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.39 and the average family size was 4.45.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 37.7% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 10.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 120.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 132.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,882, and the median income for a family was $44,118. Males had a median income of $21,490 versus $21,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,862. About 13.3% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 136.
  7. ^ "Gervais Burned". The Oregon Daily Journal. 1902-10-06. p. 1.
  8. ^ a b "The Oregon History Project: Russian Old Believers". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External linksEdit