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Federal elections were held in Germany on 27 October 1881.[1] The Centre Party became the largest party in the Reichstag, with 100 of the 397 seats, whilst the National Liberal Party, which had previously been the largest party, was reduced to 47 seats.[2] Voter turnout was 56.3%.[3]

1881 German federal election

← 1878 27 October 1881 (1881-10-27) 1884 →

All 397 seats in the Reichstag
199 seats needed for a majority
Turnout56.3%
  First party Second party Third party
  Ludwig Windthorst JS (cropped).jpg Eugen Richter.jpg Otto von Helldorff.jpg
Leader Ludwig Windthorst Eugen Richter Otto von Helldorff
Party Centre DFP KP
Leader since 26 May 1874 7 June 1876
Last election 94 seats 26 seats 59 seats
Seats won 100 60 50
Seat change Increase6 Increase34 Decrease9
Popular vote 1,182,900 649,300 830,800
Percentage 23.2% 12.7% 16.3%
Swing Increase0.1% Increase6.0% Increase3.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Die Gartenlaube (1874) b 093 (cropped).jpg Die Gartenlaube (1873) b 132 (cropped).jpg No image.svg
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Eduard Lasker
Party NLP LV DRP
Leader since 1867 1877
Last election 99 seats 10 seats 57 seats
Seats won 47 46 28
Seat change Decrease52 Increase36 Decrease29
Popular vote 746,600 429,200 379,300
Percentage 14.6% 8.4% 7.4%
Swing Decrease8.5% Increase5.7% Decrease6.2%

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1881.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Gustav von Goßler
KP

Elected President of the Reichstag

Albert von Levetzow
KP

ResultsEdit

Party Votes[a] % Seats +/–
Centre Party 1,182,900 23.2 100 +6
German Conservative Party 830,800 16.3 50 −9
National Liberal Party 746,600 14.6 47 −52
German Progress Party 649,300 12.7 60 +34
Liberal Union 429,200 8.4 46 +36
German Reich Party 379,300 7.4 28 −29
Social Democratic Party 312,000 6.1 12 +3
Polish Party 194,900 3.8 18 +4
Alsace-Lorraine Party 153,000 3.0 15 0
German People's Party 103,400 2.0 9 +6
German-Hanoverian Party 86,700 1.7 10 0
Danish Party 14,000 0.3 2 +1
Others 15,300 0.3 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 20,600
Total 5,118,400 100 397 0
Registered voters/turnout 9,088,800 56.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, DGDB

a Figures for votes are rounded.[1]

Popular Vote
Zentrum
23.20%
DKP
16.30%
DFP
12.74%
NLP
12.61%
LV
8.10%
DRP
7.44%
SAP
6.12%
PP
3.82%
Other
9.68%
Reichstag seats
Zentrum
25.19%
DFP
15.11%
DKP
12.59%
NLP
11.84%
LV
11.59%
DRP
7.05%
PP
4.53%
SAP
3.02%
Other
9.32%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p789
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p773