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The first Federal elections were held in Germany on 3 March 1871.[1] The National Liberal Party emerged as the largest party in the Reichstag, with 125 of the 382 seats.[2] Voter turnout was just 52.0%.[3]

1871 German federal election

← 1868 3 March 1871 (1871-03-03) 1874 →

All 382 seats in the Reichstag
192 seats needed for a majority
Turnout52.0%
  First party Second party Third party
  Rudolf von Bennigsen.jpg No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Hermann von Mallinckrodt
Party NLP Centre KP
Leader since 1867 1870
Last election 97 seats 33 seats 66 seats
Seats won 125 63 57
Seat change Increase 28 Increase 30 Decrease 9
Popular vote 1,171,000 724,000 549,000
Percentage 30.1% 18.6% 14.1%
Swing Increase 6.8% Increase 9.0% Decrease 0.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  No image.svg No image.svg Hohenlohe-schillingsfürst1867.jpg
Leader Chlodwig Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Party DFP DRP LRP
Leader since 1871
Last election 31 seats 37 seats 17 seats
Seats won 46 37 30
Seat change Increase 15 Steady Increase 13
Popular vote 342,000 346,000 281,000
Percentage 8.8% 8.9% 7.2%
Swing Increase 0.1% Increase 2.2% Increase 3.6%

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1871.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Zollparlament before election

Eduard von Simson
Independent

President of the Reichstag

Eduard von Simson
Independent

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats
National Liberal Party 1,171,000 30.1 125
Centre Party 724,000 18.6 63
German Conservative Party 549,000 14.1 57
German Reich Party 346,000 8.9 37
German Progress Party 342,000 8.8 46
Imperial Liberal Party 281,000 7.2 30
Polish Party 176,000 4.6 13
Social Democratic Party 124,000 3.2 2
German-Hanoverian Party 52,000 1.4 6
Danish Party 25,000 0.7 1
German People's Party 19,000 0.5 1
Others 79,000 2.0 1
Invalid/blank votes 275,500
Total 4,163,500 100 382
Registered voters/turnout 7,656,200 52.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, DGDB
Popular Vote
NLP
30.30%
Zentrum
18.09%
KP
14.16%
DFP
8.99%
DRP
8.93%
LRP
6.97%
PP
4.34%
ADAV
1.48%
SDAP
1.22%
Other
5.52%
Reichstag seats
NLP
32.72%
Zentrum
16.49%
KP
14.92%
DFP
12.04%
DRP
9.69%
LRP
7.85%
PP
3.40%
SDAP
0.52%
Other
2.36%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p788
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p772