German Workers' Party (Austria-Hungary)

The German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP) in Austria-Hungary was the predecessor of the Austrian and Czechoslovak Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP), founded on 14 November 1903, in Aussig (Ústí nad Labem), Bohemia. Its founders were Karl Hermann Wolf, an earlier adherent of Georg von Schönerer, and Ferdinand Burschofsky.

German Workers' Party
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
AbbreviationDAP
FoundersKarl Hermann Wolf[1]
Ferdinand Burschofsky[2]
Notable members • Rudolf Jung[3][4]
 • Hans Knirsch[5]
 • Alfred Proksch[6]
 • Walter Riehl[7]
Founded14 November 1903 (1903-11-14);
Aussig, Bohemia[8]
Dissolved5 May 1918
Preceded byGerman-Political Workers' Association for Austria
Succeeded by • DNSAP (Austria)[9]
 • DNSAP (Czechoslovakia)
IdeologyPan-Germanism
German nationalism
Racial antisemitism
Economic socialism[10]
Anti-slavic sentiment
Anti-Catholicism[11]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
Electoral coalitionDeutscher Nationalverband
Seats in the Reichsrat (1911)
3 / 516

The German Workers' Party sought to defend German interests in the Czech lands. Its party program was founded on Pan-Germanism, and was vehemently anti-Slavic, anti-Catholic, anti-Marxist and anti-capitalist.

In the elections for the Imperial Council in 1905 and 1911, the party obtained 3 seats. Hans Knirsch was chosen as parliamentary chairman in 1912. At the end of the First World War, Walter Riehl would take over as leader of Austrian part of the party, which would be renamed the Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP). Concurrently, Hans Knirsch would take up the leadership of the Czechoslovak DNSAP, a forerunner of the Sudeten German National Socialist Party.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whiteside A.G. (1962) Nationalism among the Workers. In: Austrian National Socialism before 1918. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-0468-3_5
  2. ^ Whiteside A.G. (1962) The ‘Deutsche Arbeiterpartei’. In: Austrian National Socialism before 1918. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-0468-3_6
  3. ^ "ARPLAN - Profile: Rudolf Jung". ARPLAN. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  4. ^ "Rudolf Jung". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  5. ^ Liberty or Equality, Von Kuenhelt-Leddihn, Christendom Press, Front Royal, VA, 1993. pg 254.
  6. ^ Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 305
  7. ^ R.J.B. Bosworth, The Oxford Handbook of Fascism, Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 441
  8. ^ Dirk Hänisch (1998), Die österreichischen NSDAP-Wähler: Eine empirische Analyse ihrer politischen Herkunft und ihres Sozialprofils, Böhlaus Zeitgeschichtliche Bibliothek 35 Helmut Konrad (in German), Wien / Köln / Weimar: Böhlau, p. 68, ISBN 3-205-98714-4
  9. ^ John T. Lauridsen, Nazism and the radical right in Austria, 1918-1934, 2007, p. 283
  10. ^ Andrew Gladding Whiteside, Austrian National Socialism before 1918, (1962), pp. 1–3
  11. ^ David Nicholls. Adolf Hitler: A Biographical Companion. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. pp. 236–37.