Gerberga, Countess of Provence

Gerberga (1045/65–1115), also spelled Gerberge or Gerburge, was the Countess of Provence for more than a decade, until 1112. Provence is a region located in the southeastern part of modern-day France that did not become part of France until 1481 (well after Gerberga's time).

Gerberga
Countess of Provence
Bornc. 1060
Died1115
Noble familyHouse of Provence
Spouse(s)Gilbert I of Gévaudan
Issue
FatherGeoffrey I of Provence
MotherEtiennette

Countess Gerberga was a daughter of Geoffrey I of Provence (who was jointly Count of Provence with his brothers) and his wife Etiennette.[1] However, Gerberga did not succeed him immediately, but rather became countess decades after his death, during which time other relatives filled that position. It is unclear exactly when she became countess; sources indicate it was no earlier than 1093 and no later than 1100.[1][2]

She and her husband, Gilbert I of Gévaudan, were considered virtuous.[3] He participated in the Crusades, donating many relics from the Middle East to churches in Provence.[4] Gilbert later died in 1108. Gerberga then took control of the government, and is said to have ruled wisely.[5] In 1112, her eldest daughter Douce was married to Raymond Berengar III of Barcelona at which point Provence was ceded to him.[2] Her second daughter, Stephanie, would lay claim to the county and thus precipitate the Baussenque Wars in 1144.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Medieval Lands Project: Provence., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (Accessed August 15, 2013).
  2. ^ a b The new Werner twentieth century edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 19, p. 903 (The Werner Company, 1907).
  3. ^ Fouque, Claude. Fastes de la Provence ancienne et moderne: Contenant l'histoire politique, civile, héroi'que et religieuse de ses principales villes, Volume 1 , p. 346 (Barile et Boulouch, 1838).
  4. ^ Cook, Theodore. Old Provence, p. 205 (Interlink Books, 1905).
  5. ^ Clement, Francois. L' Art De Vérifier Les Dates Des Faits Historiques, Des Chartes, Des Chroniques, Et Autres Anciens Monumens, Depuis La Naissance De Notre-Seigneur, p. 436 (Jombert, 1784).
Preceded by
Bertrand II
Countess of Provence
1093–1112
Succeeded by
Douce I
Raymond Berengar I