Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington
Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington,(21 August 1885 – 4 January 1972), styled Lord Gerald Wellesley between 1900 and 1943, was an Anglo-Irish diplomat, soldier, and architect.
The Duke of Wellington
|Member of the House of Lords|
16 September 1943 – 4 January 1972
|Preceded by||The 6th Duke of Wellington|
|Succeeded by||The 8th Duke of Wellington|
|Born||21 August 1885|
|Died||4 January 1972(aged 86)|
|Spouse(s)||Dorothy Violet Ashton|
|Children||Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington|
Lady Elizabeth Clyde
|Parents||Arthur Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington|
Kathleen Bulkeley Williams
Background and educationEdit
Wellesley was the third son of Lord Arthur Wellesley (later 4th Duke of Wellington) and Lady Arthur Wellesley (later Duchess of Wellington, née Kathleen Bulkeley Williams). He was baptised at St Jude's Church of Ireland parish church, Kilmainham, Dublin, on 27 September 1885. He was educated at Eton.
Wellesley served as a diplomat in the Diplomatic Corps in 1908. He held the office of Third Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1910–17, and the office of Second Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1917–19. He was invested as a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1921, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 1935, and was Surveyor of the King's Works of Art, 1936–43. He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1939 in the service of the Grenadier Guards. He fought in the Second World War between 1939–45. As a somewhat elderly officer with a spinsterish manner, he earned the nickname'The Iron Duchess', but his diplomatic skills proved invaluable in dealing with the Allies.
In 1943, he succeeded his nephew Henry as Duke of Wellington, Earl of Mornington, and Prince of Waterloo. His nephew's other title, Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, passed to Henry's sister (his niece) Lady Anne Rhys, before she ceded it to him in 1949. He served as Lord Lieutenant of the County of London between 1944–49 and as Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire between 1949–60. In 1951 he was made a Knight of the Garter.
Among his architecture projects was the remodeling of the London home of Anglo-American member of Parliament Henry "Chips" Channon. Working with Trenwith Wills, Wellesley also remodeled Castle Hill, Filleigh, in Devon; Hinton Ampner in Hampshire; and Biddick Hall in County Durham and St Mary and St George Church in High Wycombe. Wellesley also designed the Faringdon Folly tower for Lord Berners and built Portland House in Weymouth in 1935.
He was the author of the following books :
- The Iconography of the First Duke of Wellington (1935)
- The Diary of a Desert Journey (1938)
- The Journal of Mrs. Arbuthnot (1950)
- A Selection from the Private Correspondence of the First Duke of Wellington (1952)
Wellesley was bisexual or homosexual, but married Dorothy Violet Ashton (30 July 1889 – 11 July 1956) on 30 April 1914. The marriage was unhappy and they separated in 1922 but never divorced.
She was the daughter of Robert Ashton of Croughton, Cheshire (a second cousin of the 1st Baron Ashton of Hyde) heirs of a cotton manufacturing family and (Lucy) Cecilia Dunn-Gardner, later Countess of Scarbrough. Her stepfather from 1899 was Aldred Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough. They had two children:
- Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington (2 July 1915 – 31 December 2014)
- Lady Elizabeth Wellesley (26 December 1918 – 25 November 2013)
Dorothy, a poet, became the lover of Vita Sackville-West, (who wrote her entry for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). Wellesley had been engaged to Sackville-West's lover Violet Trefusis. Dorothy later became the lover and long-time companion of Hilda Matheson, a prominent BBC producer.
After his wife's death in 1956, Wellesley reportedly wished to marry his widowed sister-in-law, Lady Serena James, but she did not wish to leave her marital home. Wellesley was the maternal grandfather of the actor and musician Jeremy Clyde. His probate was sworn in the year of his death at £529,260 (equivalent to about £7,000,000 in 2019).
- "Irish Genealogy". Churchrecords.irishgenealogy.ie. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Alan, Pryce-Jones (1987). The Bonus Of Laughter. John Murray.
- Butler, Ewan. Amateur Agent. p. 16.
- Cruickshank, Dan (Summer 2012). "Wills and Wellesley". National Trust Magazine. National Trust: 38.
- Stuff, Good. "Church of St Mary and St George, Sands, Buckinghamshire". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- Miller, Norman (1 July 2016). "The surreal and colourful life of Baron Berners". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "National Trust renovates Portland House, Weymouth". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Aldritt, Keith (1997). WB Yeats: The Man and the Milieu. Clarkson Potter. p. 337.
- Brittain-Catlin, Timothy. Bleak Houses: Disappointment and Failure in Architecture. p. 92.
- Michael Bloch (28 May 2015). Closet Queens: Some 20th Century British Politicians. ISBN 9781405517010. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- R.F. Foster, "W.B. Yeats" (Oxford University Press, 2003), p. 528
- Lady Jane Wellesley, "Wellington: A Journey Through My Family" (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2009)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Lady Serena James: Obituary". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- https://probatesearch.service.gov.uk Calendar of Probates and Administrations
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Wellington
- Duke of Wellington's Regiment – West Riding
The Marquess of Crewe
| Lord Lieutenant of the County of London
The Earl Wavell
The Viscount Portal
| Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
The Lord Ashburton
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Duke of Wellington
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Earl of Mornington
| Prince of Waterloo
| Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo
| Duke of the Victory