Gerald Schroeder

Gerald Lawrence Schroeder is an Orthodox Jewish physicist, author, lecturer and teacher at College of Jewish Studies Aish HaTorah's Discovery Seminar, Essentials and Fellowships programs and Executive Learning Center,[1] who focuses on what he perceives to be an inherent relationship between science and spirituality.

Gerald L. Schroeder
Portrait of Gerald Schroeder.jpg
Schroeder by Michael Netzer
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology


Schroeder received his BSc in 1959, his MSc in 1961, and his PhD in nuclear physics and earth and planetary sciences in 1965, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).[2] He worked seven years on the staff of the MIT physics department. He was a member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.[3]

Aliyah to IsraelEdit

After emigrating to Israel in 1971, Schroeder was employed as a researcher at the Weizmann Institute of Science, the Volcani Research Institute, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[4][5] He currently teaches at Aish HaTorah College of Jewish Studies.[6]

Religious views and scientific theoriesEdit

His works frequently cite Talmudic, Midrashic and medieval commentaries on biblical creation accounts, such as commentaries written by the Jewish philosopher Nachmanides. Among other things, Schroeder attempts to reconcile a six-day creation as described in Genesis with the scientific evidence that the world is billions of years old using the idea that the perceived flow of time for a given event in an expanding universe varies with the observer's perspective of that event. He attempts to reconcile the two perspectives numerically, calculating the effect of the stretching of space-time, based on Albert Einstein's general relativity.[7]

Namely, that from the perspective of the point of origin of the Big Bang, according to Einstein's equations of the 'stretching factor', time dilates by a factor of roughly 1,000,000,000,000, meaning one trillion days on earth would appear to pass as one day from that point, due to the stretching of space. When applied to the estimated age of the universe at 13.8 billion years, from the perspective of the point of origin, the universe today would appear to have just begun its sixth day of existence, or if the universe is 15 billion years old from the perspective of earth, it would appear to have just completed its sixth day.[8]Antony Flew, an academic philosopher who promoted atheism for most of his adult life indicated that the arguments of Gerald Schroeder had influenced his decision to become a deist.[9][10]

His theories to reconcile faith and science have drawn some criticism from both religious and non-religious scientists, and his works remain controversial in scientific circles.[11][12]


Schroeder's wife Barbara Sofer is a popular columnist for the English language Israeli newspaper Jerusalem Post. The couple has five children.


In 2012, Schroeder was awarded the Trotter Prize by Texas A&M University's College of Science.[13]


  • Genesis and the Big Bang (1990), ISBN 0-553-35413-2
  • The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom, (1997), ISBN 0-7679-0303-X
  • The Hidden Face of God: Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth, (2002), ISBN 0-7432-0325-9.
  • God According to God: A Physicist Proves We've Been Wrong About God All Along, (2009), ISBN 978-0-06-171015-5.


  1. ^ "Executive Learning Center Faculty". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  2. ^ Lowe, Chelsea (September–October 2006). "Nuclear Scientist Sees No God-Science Conflict". Technology Review. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  3. ^ Sacks, Brian (2 October 2007). "Where the Bible meets the Big Bang". Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  4. ^ Schroeder, Gerald (Fall 2006). "Finding the Intelligence Within the Design" (PDF). Jewish Action: 17–22.
  5. ^ "Gerald Schroeder '59". Archived from the original on 14 January 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "About Dr. Gerald Schroeder". Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  7. ^ Schroeder, Dr. Gerald. "Age of the Universe". Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  8. ^ The Hidden Face of God: Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth by Gerald L. Schroeder PhD (9 May 2002)
  9. ^ "Antony Flew dies at 87; atheist philosopher who changed his mind late in life". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  10. ^ Oppenheimer, Mark (4 November 2007). "The Turning of an Atheist". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Gerald Schroeder and his New Variation on the 'Day-Age' Theory", 1 August 2000
  12. ^ Perakh, Mark. "Not a Very Big Bang About Genesis", December 2001.
  13. ^ Trotter Prize & Endowed Lecture Series

External linksEdit

Articles by Gerald L. SchroederEdit