Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров, IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf]; 2 March 1913 – 19 November 1990) was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is known for his discovery of spontaneous fission and his contribution towards the physics of thermal reactions. In addition, he is also known for his letter directed to Joseph Stalin, during the midst of World War II, to start the atomic bomb project in the Soviet Union.
Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov
Stamp recognition of Georgy N. Flyorov (1913–1990)
|Died||November 19, 1990 (aged 77)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|Alma mater||Leningrad Polytechnic Institute|
|Known for||Discovery of spontaneous fission, Soviet atomic bomb project|
|Awards||Hero of Socialist Labor (1949)|
|Institutions||Joint Institute for Nuclear Research|
USSR Academy of Science
|Notable students||Yuri Oganessian|
Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.
He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942, while serving as an air force lieutenant, and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany. Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay" eventually led to the development of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
He founded the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), one of the main labs of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in 1957, and was director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1949)
- Two Orders of Lenin (1949, 1983)
- Order of the October Revolution (1973)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, three times (1959, 1963, 1975)
- Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class (1985)
- Lenin Prize (1967)
- Stalin Prize, twice (1946, 1949)
- USSR State Prize (1975)
- Honorary Citizen of Dubna
- The element flerovium (atomic number 114) named after him
- Brown, Mark (6 June 2011). "Two Ultraheavy Elements Added to Periodic Table". Wired. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Kean, Sam (12 July 2010). The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements. Little, Brown. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-316-08908-1.
- Cochran TB et al. (1995) Making the Russian bomb from Stalin to Yeltsin Archived 14 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Natural Resources Defense Council
- Oganesyan Yu.Ts.; Tret'yakov Yu.P.; M'inov A.S.; Demin A.G.; A.A. Pleve A.A.; Tret'yakova S.P.; Plotko V.M.; Ivanov M.P.; Danilov N.A.; Korotkin Yu.S.; Flerov G.N. (1974). "Synthesis of neutron-deficient isotopes of fermium, kurchatovium, and element 106". JETP Letters. 20 (8): 265. Bibcode:1974JETPL..20..265O. Original Russian version.
- Oganesyan Yu.Ts.; Demin A.G.; Danilov N.A.; Ivanov M.P.; Il'inov A.S.; Kolesnikov N.N.; Markov B.M.; Plotko V.M.; Tret'yakova S.P.; Flerov G.N. (1976). "Experiments on the synthesis of element 107". JETP Letters. 23 (5): 277. Bibcode:1976JETPL..23..277O. Original Russian version.