Georgius Merula

Georgius Merula (c. 1430 – 1494) was an Italian humanist and classical scholar.[1]


Merula was born in Alessandria in Piedmont. The greater part of his life was spent in Venice and Milan, where he held a professorship and continued to teach until his death. While he was teaching at Venice, he was the subject of a personal polemic by Cornelio Vitelli, directed at his scholarship; and Vitelli replaced him in 1483.[2]


Merula produced the editio princeps of Plautus (1472), of the Scriptores rei rusticae, Cato, Varro, Columella, Palladius (1472) and possibly of Martial (1471). He also published commentaries on portions of Cicero (especially the De finibus), on Ausonius, Juvenal, Curtius Rufus, and other classical authors.

Merula wrote also Bellum scodrense (1474), an account of the siege of Shkodra (1474) (Scutari) by the Turks, and Antiquitates vicecomitum, The history of the Visconti, dukes of Milan, down to the death of Matteo the Great (1322). He violently attacked Politian (Poliziano), whose Miscellanea (a collection of notes on classical authors) were declared by Merula to be either plagiarized from his own writings or, when original, to be entirely incorrect.


  1. ^ Gabotto, Ferdinando; Badini Confalonieri, Angelo (1893). Vita di Giorgio Merula (in Italian).
  2. ^ Trapp, J. B. "Vitelli, Cornelio". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28334. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Merula, Georgius". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.