Georgie Wolton

Georgie Wolton (née Cheesman; February 1934[1] – 25 August 2021) was a British architect, an original member of the architecture firm Team 4. Critic Jonathan Meades describes her as the "outstanding woman architect of the generation before Zaha [Hadid]".[2]

Georgie Wolton
Born
Georgina Cheesman

1934[1]
Died25 August 2021 (aged 87)
NationalityBritish
Alma materArchitectural Association
OccupationArchitect
PracticeTeam 4 (1963)
BuildingsCliff Road Studios, London

BiographyEdit

Georgie Cheesman trained at the Architectural Association and during her travels to the United States became a fan of the Eames House and Philip Johnson's Glass House.[3]

Together with her sister, Wendy Cheesman, she was a founding member in 1963 of the architectural firm, Team 4, together with Su Brumwell, Norman Foster and Richard Rogers. As the only qualified architect in the group, she effectively enabled the practice to operate. Wolton left the practice after a few months, leaving the others to pass their professional exams.[4]

Wolton went on to practise on her own, her most well known works being Cliff Road Studios in Lower Holloway, London, and The River Cafe garden in Hammersmith. They both date from the late 1960s.[5][6] Wolton also designed a house in Surrey, with an experimental use of CorTen steel.[7] Meades suggests Wolton was "at the head of the very earliest vanguard of that tendency... that tirelessly reworks the forms of early modernism to the point where they are hardly distinguishable from their models."[5] While reviewing the book Guide to the Architecture of London architectural critic Owen Hatherley described Wolton as "an exceptionally rare woman" in a group of architects who "tried to continue some form of modern classicism" during the 1970s and 80s.[8]

Wolton later developed her passion for garden design and was a successful if unqualified landscape architect.[5] She died on 25 August 2021 at the age of 87.[9]

Notable buildingsEdit

  • Cliff Road Studios, Lower Holloway, London (1968–71)[6]
  • Fieldhouse, Crocknorth Farm, Surrey (1969, dismantled c. 1993)[10] – the first house in the UK to use Corten as a primary structure.[11]
  • 34 Belsize Lane, Hampstead (1976) – architect's own single-storey house.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Index entry". FreeBMD. Free UK Genealogy. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  2. ^ Jonathan Meades, "Museum Without Walls", Unbound (2012), ISBN 978-1-908717-19-1. Chapter 7 "Dead, Mostly", p. 358
  3. ^ "Modernist artist's studio by Georgie Wolton for sale", Planet Property, 23 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  4. ^ Ian Lambot (Ed.), "Norman Foster: Buildings and Projects Volume 1 1964–1973", Watermark Publications (1991), ISBN 1-873200-01-3. Chapter 1 "Team 4" by Richard Rogers, pp. 14–15
  5. ^ a b c Jonathan Meades, "Museum Without Walls", Chapter: "Five Architects", pp. 395–396
  6. ^ a b Gill Davies, "Five Hundred Buildings of London" (No. 321), Black Dog & Leventhal (2006), ISBN 978-1-57912-857-9.
  7. ^ Ruth Lang, "The People that Built Camden", Camden 50 (The London Borough of Camden), 31 March 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  8. ^ Owen Hatherley, "Serried Yuppiedromes", London Review of Books, 21 August 2014, pp.33–35. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Georgie Wolton 1934 - 2021". Modernism in Metro-Land. 22 September 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  10. ^ Building 1743, UK Modern House. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  11. ^ ARCHITECT OF THE WEEK: Georgie Wolton designed first house with CorTen steel as primary structural material in UK, The Modern House. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  12. ^ Some Modern Houses In The London Borough Of Camden: Hampstead, DaveAnderson.me.uk. Retrieved 13 October 2015. Sourced to Architectural Review and Pevsner.

Further readingEdit

  • Darling, Elizabeth, and Lynne Walker, eds. AA Women in Architecture, 1917-2017. London: AA Publications, 2017.
  • Lorenz, Clare. Women in Architecture: A Contemporary Perspective. New York: Rizzoli, 1990

External linksEdit