Georgian National Youth Palace

Georgian National Youth Palace (Georgian: საქართველოს მოსწავლე ახალგაზრდობის ეროვნული სასახლე), originally the Viceregent Palace, is a historical building located on Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi, Georgia. It has previously served as the residence of the Imperial Viceroy of the Caucasus.

Georgian National Youth Palace
საქართველოს მოსწავლე ახალგაზრდობის ეროვნული სასახლე
პიონერთა სასახლე 02.jpg
Youth Palace in 2011
Former namesViceroy’s palace; Pioners’ palace
General information
Architectural styleRenaissance
Address6, Rustaveli Ave.
Town or cityTbilisi
CountryGeorgia
Coordinates41°41′46″N 44°47′57″E / 41.6961°N 44.7991°E / 41.6961; 44.7991
Current tenantsGeorgian national youth palace
Completed1818; 203 years ago (1818)
RenovatedFirst renovation – 1847; 174 years ago (1847)
Second renovation - 1869; 152 years ago (1869) (current façade)
3rd renovation – 1941; 80 years ago (1941)
Renovation cost3rd renovation - Up to 15 million rubles
Renovating team
ArchitectFirst renovation – Nikolay Semionov
Second renovation (current façade)- Otto Jakob Simonson
3rd renovation – Archil Kurdiani
Website
youthpalace.ge
Vice Regal Palace
Vice Regal Palace

HistoryEdit

 
Interior of the Palace, c. 1865

The origin of the building traces its roots to the annexation of Georgia in 1801 by the Russian Empire. The palace was constructed in place of an earlier structure built for the Imperial High-Commissioner Pavel Tsitsianov, himself of Georgian origin, who was assigned to govern the newly-annexed lands. The current edifice was built in the mid-19th century and has since been expanded, rebuilt and remodeled several times to accommodate the needs of later Viceroys, who were of increasingly high rank and stature, such as the Emperor's own son.[1]

In 1918, in the midst of the dissolution of the Russian Empire, the building housed the local government, the Transcaucasian Seim. On 26 May, of 1918, while the government was meeting, the Georgian representatives left the palace and, in the White Hall adjacent to the building, declared the creation of the First Georgian Republic.

In 1921, the Red Army invaded Georgia. The government of Soviet Georgia occupied the building until 1937, when it was decided to gift the building to the area's children.

On May 2, 1941 the Palace officially opened its doors for children. Today, there are 13 cabinets, 6 studios and 1 workshop in the Palace. In total about 550 hobby groups operate in which about 7 000 pupils are enrolled.

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