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The Georgian Air Force (Georgian: საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები, sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi) is the air force of the Defense Forces of Georgia. It was established as part of the Georgian Armed Forces in 1992 and dissolved in 2010, when it was incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces. As of September 2009, the Georgian Air Force had 2,971 military and civilian personnel.[1] As part of reforms in the Georgian military, the Air Force was reestablished as a separate branch of the Defense Forces in 2016.[2]

Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi
Georgian Air Force emblem.svg
Georgian Air Force emblem
Founded1992 (1992)
Country Georgia
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Size2,971 personnel, 59 aircraft (2009)
Garrison/HQAlekseevka, Tbilisi
EngagementsGeorgian Civil War, Russo-Georgian War
Insignia
RoundelRoundel of Georgia.svg Roundel of Georgia – Low Visibility.svg
FlagGeorgian Air Force and Air Defense Command flag (2018).png
Aircraft flown
AttackMi-24, Su-25
TrainerYak-52, L-39
TransportMi-8, UH-1

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Georgian Air Force and Air Defense Division was established on January 1, 1992. On August 18, 1998, the two divisions were unified in a joint command structure and renamed the Georgian Air Force.[1]

The first combat flight was conducted by Izani Tsertsvadze and Valeri Nakopia on September 19, 1992, during the separatist war in Abkhazia. This date was later designated as the Georgian Air Force Day.[1] Relative to the Georgian ground forces, the air force was comparatively underfunded following Georgian independence. During the August 2008 war with Russia, [3] The Georgian Ministry of Defense reported 5 air force personnel were killed in action.[4]

In 2010, the Georgian Air Force was reorganized. It was abolished as a separate branch and incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces as Air and Air Defense brigades.[5]

Reestablishment and modernisationEdit

In 2012 the Georgian military with approval from government decided to reestablish the air force as its own arm in the military of Georgia. It will undergo a massive transformation and modernisation process, getting rid of almost its entire Soviet helicopter park to replace it with US and French aircraft. It was also announced by the ministry of defense that six Su-25 aircraft would be sold at an unknown date to add to the finances. As a result of the 2014 Wales summit, Georgia was granted a NATO military assistance package which includes support in acquiring military equipment from alliance members and partners, practically lifting the unofficial arms ban on Georgia.

In 2016, the Air Force was reestablished as one of the four branches of the Defense Forces.[2]

RanksEdit

Commissioned officersEdit

Georgian armed forces O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 0-11
Insignia                      
Title Second lieutenant Lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general General
Abbreviation 2LT LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN
NATO code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

Mission and objectivesEdit

The objectives of the Georgian Air Force are defined as follows:

  • Warfare and mobilization readiness of the Air Forces sub-units
  • Protection of sovereignty and control of the air space of Georgia
  • The fight against air terrorism
  • Participate in the fight against terrorism on land and at sea
  • Air defence of state entities and troops
  • Destruction of land and naval targets at the enemy's front line and tactical inmost. Providing air support for friendly land and naval forces
  • Participation in collective and multinational exercises.

Functions of the Georgian Air Forces:

  • Troop and cargo transportation
  • Search and rescue of downed aircraft and pilots
  • MEDEVAC
  • Informing the leadership of the Air Force and the Army about enemy air assaults
  • Destruction of enemy manpower, land and naval targets
  • Air forces landing
  • Aerial reconnaissance

The two major airfields are located near Tbilisi at Alekseevka and Marneuli.

Current inventoryEdit

 
A Georgian Mi-24 in flight
 
A Georgian Su-25 in flight
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat aircraft
Sukhoi Su-25 Soviet Union CAS 11[6] According to some sources, these aircraft were withdrawn in 2017 [7], while according to some, they are still in stock, but they are to be withdrawn. [8]
Transport
Antonov An-2 Soviet Union transport 6 Reported from Russian sources.
Antonov An-28 Poland transport 2[6]
Helicopters
Mil Mi-8 Soviet Union utility Mi-8/171 15[9]
Mil Mi-14 Soviet Union ASW / SAR 2[9]
Mil Mi-24 Soviet Union attack 9[9]
Bell UH-1 United States utility UH-1H 12[9]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Czech Republic trainer and light attack 4[9]
Aero L-29 Czech Republic trainer and light attack 4[9]

Retired aircraft:

Aircraft Origin Type Variant quantity Notes
Transport
Antonov An-24 Soviet Union transport Unknown Status unknown
Antonov An-32 Soviet Union transport Unknown Status unknown
Tupolev Tu-134 Soviet Union VIP 1 Status Unknown
Yak-40 Soviet Union VIP 2 Status Unknown
Helicopters
Mi-2 Poland light transport helicopter Unknown Status unknown
Trainer Aircraft
Yak-52 Soviet Union Trainer aircraft Unknown Status Unknown

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Defence Today 27: 1. September 2009. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "საქართველოს თავდაცვის შესახებ" [On Defense of Georgia]. Law No. 1030 of 31 October 2018 (in Georgian).
  3. ^ Georgian Air Force. The Global Security. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  4. ^ List of Casualties among the Georgian Military Servicemen Archived June 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  5. ^ Structure of Land Forces Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  7. ^ http://www.nowastrategia.org.pl/gruzja-wycofuje-samoloty-szturmowe-su-25/
  8. ^ https://www.altair.com.pl/news/view?news_id=27648
  9. ^ a b c d e f Cite error: The named reference World Air Forces 2018 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).