Georgetown is a home rule-class city in Scott County, Kentucky, in the United States. The 2018 population was 34,395 per the United States Census Bureau. It is the 7th-largest city by population in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It is the seat of its county. It was originally called Lebanon when founded by Rev. Elijah Craig and was renamed in 1790 in honor of President George Washington. It is the home of Georgetown College, a private liberal arts college. Georgetown is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. At one time the city served as the training camp home for the NFL's Cincinnati Bengals.
Location of Georgetown in Scott County, Kentucky.
|• Mayor||Tom Prather|
|• Total||15.85 sq mi (41.1 km2)|
|Elevation||846 ft (258 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,109.8/sq mi (813.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0492790|
The city's growth began in the mid-1980s, when Toyota built Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky in the city. This was its first wholly owned United States plant. The plant opened in 1988; as of 2015, it builds the Camry, Camry Hybrid, Avalon, and Lexus ES automobiles. Beginning in 2020, it will build the RAV4 Hybrid. It is the largest building in the US in terms of acres covered under one building, with more than 200 acres (0.8 km2) occupied.
Anglo-American exploration can be dated to the late colonial period and a June 1774 surveying expedition from Fincastle County, Virginia, led by Colonel John Floyd. For his military service, he was granted a claim of 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) in the area by the state of Virginia. He named it Royal Spring but did not settle it. John McClellan was the first English colonist to settle the area and established McClellan's Station there in 1775, but the compound was abandoned following an Indian attack on December 29, 1776.
In 1782, the Baptist preacher Elijah Craig led his congregation to the site from Orange County, Virginia, and established a new settlement which he called Lebanon. This was incorporated by the Virginia legislature in 1784. At the time, Virginia claimed this territory under its colonial charter. Craig established some of the first mills west of the Appalachian Mountains along the Royal Spring Branch, where he also manufactured cloth and paper. He also founded a distillery in 1789, as well as a school called the Rittenhouse Academy. This eventually developed as Georgetown College.
The city's name was changed to George Town in honor of President George Washington in 1790. When Kentucky became the 15th U.S. state in 1792 and formed Scott County, George Town became the county seat. Its name was formally changed to Georgetown in 1846.
The county developed an agricultural economy, as it was part of the fertile Bluegrass Region. Planters cultivated tobacco and hemp, and raised blooded livestock, including Thoroughbred racehorses, and cattle and sheep. During the Civil War, Kentucky stayed in the Union. Georgetown was raided by Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan twice, once on July 15, 1862, and the second time on July 10, 1864.
Following the war, the town became a railroad hub, connected to the Cincinnati Southern, the Louisville Southern, and the Frankfort & Cincinnati. The last was considered the "whiskey route" and carried much of the region's bourbon to markets along the Ohio River.
In 1896 a girl's academy was founded by the Catholic Sisters of Visitation. The school closed in 1987, and was adapted as the Cardome Centre. It now serves as a community center for the city of Georgetown.
20th century to presentEdit
Throughout the 20th century, Georgetown has been in transition from an economy based primarily on agriculture, to a diversified one mixing manufacturing, small business, and the family farm. During the 1960s, the construction of Interstate 75 placed the city on one of the busiest highways in America. The selection of Georgetown as the site of Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky in 1985 has resulted in the greatest period of growth in the city's history.
The historic Ward Hall, now the home of The Ward Hall Preservation Foundation, is located just outside Georgetown. Ward Hall was the summer home of Junius Ward. The home represents the height of the Greek Revival period of architecture in Kentucky and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
|Climate data for Georgetown, Kentucky|
|Average high °F||41||46||55||66||74||83||86||86||79||68||55||44||65|
|Average low °F||25||28||36||45||54||63||66||65||58||47||37||28||46|
|Average precipitation inches||3.20||3.31||4.07||3.60||5.26||4.44||4.65||3.25||2.91||3.13||3.53||3.93||45.28|
|Average high °C||5||8||13||19||23||28||30||30||26||20||13||7||18|
|Average low °C||−4||−2||2||7||12||17||19||18||14||8||3||−2||8|
|Average precipitation mm||81||84||103||91||134||113||118||83||74||80||90||100||1,150|
|Source: The Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 Census, there were 29,098 people 10,733 households, and 7,452 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,836.4 per square mile (709.0/km2). There were 11,957 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 7.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.3% of the population. According to the 2010 census, Georgetown is Kentucky's ninth largest city.
There were 10,733 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.
The age distribution was 27.9% under 18 and 8.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 31.7 years. The median income for a household in the city was $51,692. The per capita income for the city was $24,376. About 13.9% of the population was below the poverty line.
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky||10,019|
|2||Scott County Schools||1,219|
|4||Toyota Production Engineering and Manufacturing Center||740|
|5||Georgetown Community Hospital||460|
|8||Aichi Forge USA||380|
Public education in Georgetown and Scott County consists of a preschool center serving special needs and economically at-risk students aged 3–5, eight elementary schools (grades K–5), three middle schools (grades 6–8) and one high school (grades 9–12). These schools are all part of the Scott County Schools system. Plans have been in progress for an additional high school and middle school within the city limits for several years due to the expanding population, and construction began on a new high school and a new elementary school in 2017. The district chose not to build a new middle school, opting instead to expand one of its three existing middle schools. Scott County High School also houses a separate (though still attached) wing for students in the ninth grade, called the Ninth Grade Center, which was developed to ease the transition for students between middle school and high school. An extended and detached campus of the high school, Elkhorn Crossing School, provides some sophomores and juniors with a curriculum that integrates academic and career-based disciplines. Another unique feature, the Alternative School, is also part of the Scott County High School educational complex. The Alternative School strives to educate students who may have difficulties in a normal classroom setting (for example, those with disciplinary or other concerns).
Public schools located within Georgetown and Scott County include:
- Garth Elementary
- Northern Elementary
- Southern Elementary
- Eastern Elementary
- Western Elementary
- Anne Mason Elementary
- Stamping Ground Elementary
- Lemons Mill Elementary
- Royal Spring Middle School
- Georgetown Middle School
- Scott County Middle School
- Scott County High School (which includes the Ninth Grade Center and the Alternative School, both on the SCHS campus, and Elkhorn Crossing School, at a completely separate campus about 1 mile/1.6 km away)
New schools set to open in 2019 are:
- Great Crossing High School, located next to Elkhorn Crossing School
- Creekside Elementary School
Private education in Georgetown and Scott County includes St. John elementary and middle school, Providence Christian Academy elementary and middle school, and Keystone Montessori elementary school.
Georgetown has one hospital, Georgetown Community Hospital, operated by LifePoint Health.
UK HealthCare and Baptist Health Lexington have regional campuses in Georgetown. Georgetown also has many nursing facilities, including Signature HealthCARE of Georgetown, Windsor Gardens Retirement Community, and Dover Manor Nursing Home.
Georgetown's newspaper, the Georgetown News-Graphic, prints on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Residents of the area commonly subscribe to this locally geared newspaper in addition to the larger Lexington daily newspaper, the Lexington Herald-Leader.
- Benjamin Franklin Bradley – politician, representative to the Confederate States Congress from Kentucky. Born in Georgetown in 1825.
- Stephen G. Burbridge – U.S. Army major general during the Civil War. Born in Georgetown in 1831.
- J. Campbell Cantrill – politician, U.S. Representative from Kentucky. Born in Georgetown in 1870.
- Jean Murrell Capers - Ohio state judge and Cleveland City Council member. Born in Georgetown in 1913.
- Elijah Craig – early Baptist preacher, educator and entrepreneur, worked on protecting religious freedom with James Madison of Virginia.
- Basil W. Duke – lawyer and Confederate general officer during the Civil War. Born in Georgetown in 1838.
- William H. Hatch – politician, U.S. Representative from Missouri. Born in Georgetown in 1833.
- Tom L. Johnson – U.S. Representative from Ohio 1891–95, Mayor of Cleveland 1901–1909. Born in Georgetown in 1854.
- Amy McGrath – U.S. Marine aviator and politician
- Dallas Robinson – 2014 Olympian-soldier, sole Olympian from Kentucky in the Sochi Russia Games.
- James F. Robinson – politician, 22nd Governor of Kentucky. Federal Governor during the Civil War. Cardome in Georgetown was his family home.
- John McCracken Robinson – politician, U.S. Senator from Illinois. Born in Georgetown in 1794.
- Gustavus W. Smith – General in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; Confederate Secretary of War in 1862.
- Barton W. Stone – influential Presbyterian and Restorationist preacher of the Second Great Awakening; founded the Restoration Movement with Alexander Campbell
- Steve Zahn – actor, lives on a 330-acre (1.3 km2) horse farm
- Georgetown, Kentucky Kentucky Secretary of State: Land Office. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts selected: Georgetown city, Kentucky". Census.gov. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2018". Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2018". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- "History of Georgetown/Scott County". Georgetown/Scott County Tourism. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
- "Georgetown Toyota plant debuts new Lexus line with 3,000 employees, Kentucky officials". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- "Toyota Solidifies Its Substantial and Growing Investment in U.S." Toyota Kentucky. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. 371. "Georgetown". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed 26 July 2013.
- Georgetown College. "History".
- Cardome Center. "About Us".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Georgetown KY". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 2014-07-13.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "State & County QuickFacts: Georgetown (city), Kentucky Archived 2012-10-12 at WebCite". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
- "Georgetown/Scott County 2018 Community Profile" (PDF). Georgetown/Scott County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- "Redistricting Plan Approved" (Press release). Scott County Schools. February 15, 2018. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
- Crumbie, Trey (January 11, 2018). "Scott County unveils school redistricting proposal. Here's what you need to know about it". Lexington Herald-Leader. Lexington, KY. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- Georgetown News-Graphic URL accessed on 05/13/2013.