George Wallace Gouinlock

George Wallace Gouinlock (August 1, 1861 – February 13, 1932) was a prominent Canadian architect. Gouinlock practiced mostly in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, including several designated buildings at Exhibition Place.

George Wallace Gouinlock
BornAugust 1, 1861
DiedFebruary 13, 1932(1932-02-13) (aged 70)
NationalityCanadian
Occupationarchitect

His son George Roper Gouinlock (1896–1979) also practised architecture. Son Robert Watson Gouinlock (1892-1966) was a Captain with the Canadian Engineers and served in World War I.[1] Robert was a civil engineer.

BiographyEdit

Gouinlock was born in 1861 in Paris, Ontario to Walter and Elizabeth Gouinlock.[2] Gouinlock trained in various cities (including Hamilton, Chicago and Milwaukee) towards becoming an architect.[3] He later moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba[4] as a junior architect with Barber, Bowes & Barber.[3] He came back to Toronto in 1888 and began a partnership with architect Francis S. Baker (as Gouinlock & Baker)[5] from 1888 to 1890.[3]

The bulk of Gouinlock's work was in Toronto. In 1895, he was Chair of the Toronto Society of Architects[6] and President of the Ontario Association of Architects in 1909.[3] Gouinlock retired in 1927.

Gouinlock married Georgina Watson in 1889[2] and had two sons George Roper and Robert Watson, and a daughter, Laura Huntington (1890-1982)[7]

Gouinlock died on February 13, 1932, and is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Toronto.[4]

George Roper GouinlockEdit

George Wallace's son George Roper Gouinlock (1896-1979) was also an architect, whom with Hugh L. Allward (1899-1971) formed the Allward and Gouinlock partnership in 1935.[8] Allward was the son of sculptor Walter Allward and great-grandfather of Port Perry based landscape architect Hugh Allward.[9] Hugh Allward was succeeded by his nephew Peter L. Allward.[10]

ProjectsEdit

George Wallace Gouinlock projectsEdit

 
1927 postcard of the Horticultural Palace at the Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Many of Gouinlock's buildings were Beaux-Arts. His works also feature other architectural styles. Many buildings at Exhibition Place were designed by Gouinlock:

  • Press Building, 210 Princes' Boulevard 1905 (Beaux-Arts)[11]
  • Music Building, 285 Manitoba Drive 1907 (Beaux-Arts) - formerly Railway Building[12]
  • CNE Grandstand 1907, destroyed by fire 1947 and rebuilt as Exhibition Stadium 1948
  • Horticulture Building, 15 Saskatchewan Road 1907 (Beaux-Arts)[13]
  • CNE Fire Hall and Police Station, 90 Quebec Street 1912 - (Tudor Revival)[14]
  • CNE Government Building 1912 (Beaux-Arts), 10 Dufferin Street - now Medieval Times Building, formerly Government Building and Arts, Crafts and Hobbies Building[15]

Other works across Toronto and beyond included:

  • semi detached dwellings at 117-119 Collier Street 1891[16]
  • Charles Steinle Meat Packing Company, 256 King Street East 1892 (Richardson Romanesque) [16]
  • American Watch Case Company, 511 King Street West 1893 (demolished 2020 with only façade retained)[16]
  • Temple Building, Toronto, Bay and Richmond 1895 (Romanesque Revival) - demolished 1970[17]
  • Manitoba Trust Company Building, Winnipeg (Main Street and Pioneer Street) 1899-1900 - with George Creeford Browne and demolished 1974[18]
  • Town Hall, St. Marys, Ontario 1901 (Romanesque Revival)[19]
  • Bank of Hamilton, 165 Spadina Avenue 1902 - now CIBC branch[16]
  • Marshall McLuhan’s House (Sir W.T. White House) and Coach House, 39 and 39a Queen's Park Crescent 1903,[16][20]
  • Consumer's Gas Company addition, 23 Toronto Street 1904[16]
  • Warwick Bros. and Rutter Publishers, 401 King Street West 1905[21]
  • Sovereign Bank, 172 King Street East 1907[16]
  • Broadview Hotel renovation 1907
  • Canadian Birkbeck Savings and Investment Company Head Office, 10 Adelaide Street East, Toronto 1908 (Edwardian) - now Ontario Heritage Centre[22]
  • William Peyton Hubbard House, 660 Broadview Avenue 1909[16]
  • Ontario Legislative Building North Wing, 1 Queen's Park Crescent 1909[23]
  • MacLean Building, 345 Adelaide Street West 1914[16]
  • Princess Margaret Hospital - South Building, University Avenue 1915[24] - formerly Ontario Hydro-Electric Building
  • Art Gallery of Toronto conceptual drawings[25]
  • Alexandra Palace, Toronto - demolished

George Roper Gouinlock projectsEdit

Allward and Gouinlock projectsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Captain Robert Watson Gouinlock".
  2. ^ a b "Brant 89". ancestry.com.
  3. ^ a b c d "No active session is assigned to the user". Ao.minisisinc.com. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Mount Pleasant Group". Mount Pleasant Group. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "Architectural Index for Ontario". Archived from the original on April 10, 2013.
  6. ^ "Past Chairs". torontosocietyofarchitects.ca.
  7. ^ "Obituary" (PDF). Royal Architectural Institute Journal (pdf). Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (April 1932): 112. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Gouinlock, George Roper | Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada".
  9. ^ "The forgotten man behind the unforgettable Vimy memorial". Toronto Star. April 2, 2017.
  10. ^ "Architectural Index for Ontario".
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i "TOBuilt: Buildings Related to a Company". tobuilt.ca. Archived from the original on April 7, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  17. ^ Torontoist (August 30, 2008). "Historicist: Toronto's First Skyscraper". torontoist.com.
  18. ^ "Browne, George Creeford". dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org.
  19. ^ "George Wallace Gouinlock: Picture St. Marys". ourontario.ca.
  20. ^ "McLuhan100 » Blog Archive » Doors Open at the Coach House". mcluhan100.ca. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  21. ^ "Warwick Bros. and Rutter Publishers-Toronto, Ontario, Canada". urbandb.com.
  22. ^ "Ontario Heritage Trust - Conservation - Buildings". Archived from the original on March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  23. ^ "North Wing". Legislative Assembly of Ontario - Discovery Portal.
  24. ^ "Princess Margaret Hospital - South Building-Toronto, Ontario, Canada". urbandb.com.
  25. ^ "No active session is assigned to the user". Ao.minisisinc.com. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  26. ^ a b http://www.senecacollege.ca/retirees/05_e-mail_newsletter/03_2009/06_e-sentinel_october/006_king_p155-221.pdf[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Sir Wilfrid Laurier C.I. - HOME". Sirwilfridlaurierci.ca. Retrieved February 12, 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to George Wallace Gouinlock at Wikimedia Commons