Martin Yarus (February 6, 1917 – March 7, 2008), better known by the stage name George Tyne, was an American stage and film actor and television director. He was blacklisted in the 1950s, and was indicted for contempt of Congress but subsequently acquitted.
February 6, 1917
|Died||March 7, 2008 (aged 91)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Other names||Buddy Yarus|
|Known for||A Walk in the Sun|
|Spouse(s)||Ethel Tyne (?-2003) (her death)|
Early life and careerEdit
Tyne, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, began his acting career under the name Buddy Yarus. He used that name when appearing in the 1945 war film Objective Burma!, and in the Laurel and Hardy film The Dancing Masters (1943). As "George Tyne" he appeared in A Walk in the Sun, Sands of Iwo Jima and Thieves Highway.
Tyne also appeared on Broadway in a number of roles, including the hit 1954 play Lunatics and Lovers.
Congressional testimony and prosecutionEdit
Tyne was blacklisted from the movies in 1951 and from television in 1952, after his name was publicized in congressional committee hearings into alleged Communist infiltration of the entertainment industry.
In August 1955, the House Un-American Activities Committee held hearings in New York City to probe alleged Communist infiltration of Broadway, radio and television. Tyne was one of seven witnesses who refused to answer questions about whether they had been members of the Communist Party. Six cited their right to avoid self-incrimination under the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, but Tyne simply refused to answer.
In his testimony, Tyne called actor Lee J. Cobb a "stool pigeon" for naming him as part of a "Communist group" in Hollywood in 1943. Tyne refused to say whether he knew Cobb, and said, "I think the privilege offered by the fifth amendment is wonderful for those who wish to take advantage of it, but I'm not standing on it." Tyne refused to identify a Communist Party card, shown to him by the committee counsel, which was made out to "Buddy" Yarus. Tyne said, "All these questions are an invasion of any personal and private ideas and associations."
In July 1956, Tyne was one of seven witnesses, including playwright Arthur Miller, who were cited for contempt of Congress of Congress by the House of Representatives. The other six included stage actress Sarah Cunninghan, her husband John Randolph, and actors Lou Polan and Stanley Prager.
In March 1957, Tyne was one of three entertainers who were indicted by a federal grand jury in New York for refusing to answer HUAC questions during its August 1955 hearings. The others were Pete Seeger and Elliot Sullivan. All were charged with contempt of Congress. Tyne was acquitted in 1961 on technical grounds.
Later life and careerEdit
Prior to his blacklisting, Tyne's last movie role was in the 1951 war film Decision Before Dawn. During the period of his blacklisting he worked mainly as a stage actor. He appeared in supporting roles in the 1954 off-Broadway revival of Threepenny Opera, the 1954 comedy Lunatics and Lovers, and Romanoff and Juliet (1957).
In the 1960s, Tyne began appearing in small roles on television and in the movies. He also began work as a television director.
Tyne directed episodes of The Love Boat, The Paul Lynde Show, M*A*S*H* and the 1979 TV series Friends. He returned to acting, in small roles, in TV shows and movies in the 1960s. His last film role was a bit part in the 1984 film, The Lonely Guy. In the early 1990s, he taught directing courses at the California Institute of the Arts.
Selected acting and directing creditsEdit
As film actorEdit
- Doughboys in Ireland (1943) - Jimmy Martin
- The Iron Major (1943) - Boston College Player (uncredited)
- The Dancing Masters (1943) - Gangster (uncredited)
- The Racket Man (1944) - Soldier (uncredited)
- Ladies Courageous (1944) - Pilot (uncredited)
- Sailor's Holiday (1944) - Assistant Director (uncredited)
- Four Jills in a Jeep (1944) - Soldier (uncredited)
- Once Upon a Time (1944) - Jitterbug Dancer (uncredited)
- The Eve of St. Mark (1944) - Polinski (uncredited)
- Stars on Parade (1944) - Soldier (uncredited)
- Louisiana Hayride (1944) - Joe - Assistant Director (uncredited)
- Mr. Winkle Goes to War (1944) - Johnson (uncredited)
- Main Street After Dark (1945) - Serviceman in Police Station (uncredited)
- Objective, Burma! (1945) - Pvt. Soapy Higgins (uncredited)
- Brewster's Millions (1945) - Cab Driver (uncredited)
- A Walk in the Sun (1945) - Pvt. Jake Friedman
- Life with Blondie (1945) - Cassidy (uncredited)
- Miss Susie Slagle's (1946) - Davies (uncredited)
- Deadline at Dawn (1946) - Soft Drink Proprietor (uncredited)
- Rolling Home (1946) - Joe
- Seven Were Saved (1947) - Sergeant Blair
- They Won't Believe Me (1947) - Lieutenant Carr
- Body and Soul (1947) - Charlie's Friend (uncredited)
- Open Secret (1948) - Harry Strauss
- Call Northside 777 (1948) - Tomek Zaleska (uncredited)
- The Red Pony (1949) - Charlie (uncredited)
- The Lone Wolf and His Lady (1949) - Paul Braud (uncredited)
- Sword in the Desert (1949) - Dov
- Thieves' Highway (1949) - Charles - Dock Henchman (uncredited)
- Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) - Pfc. Harris
- The Outriders (1950) - Outrider at Dance (uncredited)
- Side Street (1950) - Det. Roffman (uncredited)
- No Way Out (1950) - Whitey (uncredited)
- Decision Before Dawn (1951) - Sgt. Griffin
- Circus World (1964) - Madrid Bartender (uncredited)
- Not with My Wife, You Don't! (1966) - Sgt. Dogerty
- Don't Make Waves (1967) - Newspaperman #1
- The Counterfeit Killer (1968) - George
- The Boston Strangler (1968) - Dr. Kramer
- The Lost Man (1969) - Plainclothesman
- Marlowe (1969) - Oliver Hady
- Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (1969) - Le Marie
- Skin Game (1971) - Bonner
- Mr. Ricco (1975) - Lt. Barrett
- I Will, I Will... for Now (1976) - Dr. Morrison
- Romantic Comedy (1983) - Doctor #2
- The Lonely Guy (1984) - Director at Party (final film role)
As television directorEdit
- "Six Entertainers Defy Un-American Probers in Red Theater Quiz". Schenectady Gazette (United Press). Aug 16, 1955. p. 1. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "House Cites Arthur Miller For Contempt". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Associated Press). July 26, 1956. p. 2. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "U.S. Jury Cited 3 Entertainers". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. May 27, 1957. p. 1. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "United States v. Yarus, 198 F. Supp. 425 - CourtListener.com". October 28, 1961. Retrieved 16 April 2014.