George Taylor (Australian politician)

George "Mulga" Taylor (16 May 1861 – 24 September 1935) was an Australian labour leader and politician who was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1901 to 1930. He was a minister in the government of Henry Daglish, and later served as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly from 1917 to 1924.


George Taylor
George 'Mulga' Taylor.png
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
of Western Australia
In office
19 July 1917 – 23 July 1924
Preceded byJames Gardiner
Succeeded byThomas Walker
Member of the Legislative Assembly
of Western Australia
In office
24 April 1901 – 12 April 1930
Preceded byNone (new seat)
Succeeded byNone (abolished)
ConstituencyMount Margaret
Personal details
Born(1861-05-16)16 May 1861
Campbelltown, New South Wales, Australia
Died24 September 1935(1935-09-24) (aged 74)
Leederville, Western Australia, Australia
Political partyLabor (to 1917)
National Labor (1917–1924)
Nationalist (after 1924)

Early lifeEdit

Taylor was born in Campbelltown, New South Wales (on the outskirts of Sydney), to Margaret (née Bourke) and Robert Taylor.[1] He joined a shearing team at the age of 12, and his work as a shearer eventually took him to Queensland, where he became involved with the fledgling labour movement. An organiser of the Queensland Shearers' Union, he was involved with the 1891 shearers' strike, and in its aftermath was among twelve strike leaders convicted of criminal conspiracy. He was sentenced to three years' imprisonment on St Helena Island Prison, but was released early for good behaviour. After his release, Taylor left for Coolgardie, Western Australia, subsequently working as a miner in Erlistoun and Sir Samuel. He maintained his involvement with the labour movement while in the Goldfields, helping to found a local branch of the Amalgamated Workers' Association (a predecessor of the Australian Workers Union).[2]

Parliamentary careerEdit

At the 1901 state election, Taylor was elected to the newly created seat of Mount Margaret, which was initially centred around the town of the same name.[3] He had poor relations with many of the seven other Labor MPs who had been elected (including Thomas Bath and William Johnson), and at one stage was briefly expelled from the parliamentary caucus after attacking the party's leader, Robert Hastie. However, Taylor's confrontational attitude cooled once Henry Daglish became leader, and he was appointed Colonial Secretary when Daglish became premier in August 1904.[2] He resigned from the ministry in June 1905 after several differences of opinion with the rest of cabinet,[4] but the Daglish government did not last much longer, losing a confidence motion in August 1905.[3]

From October 1910 to November 1911, Taylor served as chairman of committees in the Legislative Assembly, despite Labor being in opposition at the time.[3] Following the party's 1916 split over the issue of conscription, he joined the newly formed National Labor Party.[3] In July 1917, Taylor was elected Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, having been nominated by the Nationalist premier, Henry Lefroy.[5] He was re-elected to the position after the 1917 state election, at which he also won re-election to his seat under the National Labor banner.[3] The previous speaker, the Country Party's James Gardiner, had been forced to resign due to his hearing loss.[6] Taylor served as speaker until the Coalition government's defeat at the 1924 state election. Shortly after, the National Labor Party was formally merged into the Nationalist Party.[1]

Taylor's seat, Mount Margaret, was abolished in a 1929 redistribution, and at the 1930 state election he attempted to transfer to the seat of Leederville (based in the northern suburbs of Perth). He was unsuccessful, losing to Labor's Alexander Panton, who had previously been the member for Menzies (another abolished Goldfields seat).[3]

Later lifeEdit

After leaving parliament, Taylor was appointed to the Licensing Court and Licenses Reduction Board, responsible for the issue of liquor licences.[7] He served on the court until his retirement in 1933,[1] and died at his home in Leederville in September 1935, aged 74.[8] Taylor had married the widow Netta Whalan, (a daughter of George Oughton) in 1910, with whom he had one child and also several stepchildren. She predeceased him, dying in June 1933.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d George Taylor – Biographical Register of Members of the Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b Birman, Wendy (1990). "Taylor, George (1861–1935)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 12. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Black, David; Prescott, Valerie (1997). Election statistics : Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, 1890-1996. Perth, [W.A.]: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project and Western Australian Electoral Commission. ISBN 0730984095.
  4. ^ "MR. TAYLOR INTERVIEWED.", The Daily News, 8 June 1905.
  5. ^ "ELECTION OF SPEAKER.", The Daily News, 20 November 1917.
  6. ^ "Gardiner, James (1861–1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 8. Melbourne University Press. 1981. ISSN 1833-7538 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  7. ^ "LICENSING COURT", The Sunday Times, 17 August 1930.
  8. ^ "MR. GEORGE TAYLOR DEAD.", The West Australian, 25 September 1935.
Parliament of Western Australia
New seat Member for Mount Margaret
1901–1930
Abolished
Preceded by
James Gardiner
Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
1917–1924
Succeeded by
Thomas Walker
Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Kingsmill
Colonial Secretary
1904–1905
Succeeded by
John Drew