Philip Roberts (British Army officer)
Major General George Philip Bradley Roberts, CB, DSO & Two Bars, MC (5 November 1906 – 5 November 1997), better known as "Pip", was a senior officer of the British Army who served with distinction during the Second World War, most notably as General Officer Commanding of the 11th Armoured Division (nicknamed the "Black Bull") throughout the campaign in Northwestern Europe from June 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
Major General "Pip" Roberts, GOC 11th Armoured Division, in his White scout car, August 1944.
|Born||5 November 1906|
Quetta, British India
|Died||5 November 1997 (aged 91)|
East Sussex, England
|Years of service||1926–1949|
|Unit||Royal Tank Regiment|
|Commands held||7th Armoured Division (1947–48)|
11th Armoured Division (1943–46)
30th Armoured Brigade (1943)
26th Armoured Brigade (1943)
22nd Armoured Brigade (1942–43)
3rd Royal Tank Regiment (1942)
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of the Bath|
Distinguished Service Order & Two Bars
Mentioned in Despatches (3)
Legion of Honour (France)
Croix de guerre (France)
|Other work||Director of Scribbans-Kemp (1949–64)|
Honorary Colonel Kent and County of London Yeomanry Squadron (1962–70)
Justice of the Peace (1960–70)
Roberts was commissioned into the Royal Tank Corps (later the Royal Tank Regiment) of the British Army in 1926. He was posted to Egypt with his regiment from 1928 to 1931, during which time he was promoted to lieutenant on 4 February 1929.
Roberts was an instructor at the Tank Driving and Maintenance School at Bovington, Dorset, from 1933 to 1937. He was again posted to Egypt for 1938 and 1939. In late December 1938 he was serving as adjutant of the 6th Royal Tank Regiment, a position he was still in by the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939. By July 1942, he was commanding the 22nd Armoured Brigade, which he led in the Battle of Alam el Halfa and the Second Battle of El Alamein, before he was transferred in mid-March 1943 to the 26th Armoured Brigade, part of Major General Charles Keightley's 6th Armoured Division. Roberts led the brigade in the final stages of the Tunisian Campaign until the Axis powers surrendered in mid-May. He was Mentioned in Despatches on 15 December 1942, and was awarded a Bar to his Distinguished Service Order (DSO) on 28 January 1943, following which, on February 1943, his rank of major was confirmed, and he was awarded a second Bar to his DSO on 8 July 1943.
In June 1943, Roberts handed over the 26th Armoured Brigade to Brigadier Richard Hull and was posted back to the United Kingdom, where for six months he commanded the 30th Armoured Brigade, part of Major General Percy Hobart's 79th Armoured Division. By now recognised as an expert in armoured warfare, Roberts was, aged just 37, promoted to acting major general on 6 December 1943 and became General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 11th Armoured Division (the "Black Bull"), taking over from Major General Brocas Burrows. He led the division in North West Europe from 1944 to 1945.
Landing in Normandy, France, shortly after the D-Day landings on 6 June 1944, Roberts's division was engaged in heavy combat during the Battle of Normandy, most notably in Operation Epsom in late June, followed in mid-July by Operation Goodwood. Following the German collapse in Normandy after the Battle of the Falaise Pocket, the 11th Armoured Division, at the River Seine on 28 August, was in Amiens just three days later, arriving at Antwerp on 3 September, five years since the beginning of the war. His rank of major general was made temporary on 6 December 1944. Playing only a minor role in Operation Market Garden, the division was involved in the Battle of the Bulge and Operation Veritable in February–March 1945. The division crossed the River Rhine in late March and participated in the Western Allied invasion of Germany, in the process liberating the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in mid-April and entering Lübeck in early May. Victory in Europe Day followed soon afterwards. Roberts was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 1 February 1945, and was Mentioned in Despatches on 9 August 1945.
Roberts commanded the 7th Armoured Division in 1947. His rank of major general was confirmed on 18 June (with seniority backdated to 24 March 1945). He then became Director of the Royal Armoured Corps and retired from the British Army on 11 September 1949. His book From the Desert to the Baltic is an account of all his wartime battles.
- "No. 33130". The London Gazette. 5 February 1926. p. 888.
- "British Army officer histories". Unit Histories. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- "No. 33463". The London Gazette. 5 February 1929. p. 868.
- "No. 35821". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 December 1942. p. 5438.
- "No. 35879". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 January 1943. p. 524.
- "No. 35890". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 February 1943. p. 639.
- "No. 36083". The London Gazette. 6 July 1943. p. 3087.
- "No. 36318". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 January 1944. p. 155.
- "No. 36843". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 December 1944. p. 5785.
- "No. 36917". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 January 1945. p. 669.
- "No. 37213". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 August 1945. p. 4044.
- "No. 37997". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 June 1947. p. 2927.
- "No. 38710". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 September 1949. p. 4383.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Roberts.|
| GOC 11th Armoured Division
| GOC 7th Armoured Division