George Patterson Nigh (born June 9, 1927) is an American politician and civic leader from the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Nigh served as the 17th and the 22nd Governor of Oklahoma and as the 8th and 10th Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma. He was the first Oklahoma governor to be re-elected and the first to win all 77 counties in the state. Additionally, short term vacancies in the governor's office twice resulted in Nigh assuming gubernatorial duties while serving as lieutenant governor.
|17th and 22nd Governor of Oklahoma|
January 3, 1979 – January 12, 1987
|Preceded by||David Boren|
|Succeeded by||Henry Bellmon|
January 6, 1963 – January 14, 1963
|Preceded by||J. Howard Edmondson|
|Succeeded by||Henry Bellmon|
|8th and 10th Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma|
January 9, 1967 – January 3, 1979
|Governor||Dewey F. Bartlett|
|Preceded by||Leo Winters|
|Succeeded by||Spencer Bernard|
January 12, 1959 – January 6, 1963
|Governor||J. Howard Edmondson|
|Preceded by||Cowboy Pink Williams|
|Succeeded by||Leo Winters|
|18th President of the University of Central Oklahoma|
July 1, 1992 – June 30, 1997
|Preceded by||Bill Lillard|
|Succeeded by||W. Roger Webb|
|Member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives|
|Born||June 9, 1927|
McAlester, Oklahoma, U.S.
|Residence||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Alma mater||East Central State College|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1945–1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Following his service as governor, Nigh served on the board of directors of JCPenney and as President of the University of Central Oklahoma and as director and public relations advisor for International Bank of Commerce. Prior to his election to statewide office, he worked as a teacher and legislator.
Early life and careerEdit
Nigh was born in McAlester, Oklahoma, and was the son of Wilbur R. and Irene Crockett Nigh. He served in the United States Navy from 1945 to 1946 and graduated from East Central State College in Ada, Oklahoma in 1951. Nigh had remained a bachelor until after he left public office for the first time. He then met and married Donna Mashburn, who had a young son. The Nighs later had a daughter.
From 1951 to 1959, he alternated between service in the Oklahoma House of Representatives, and as a teacher in the McAlester public schools. During his tenure in the state legislature, he introduced legislation designating "Oklahoma!" as the state song. Nigh ran for Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma in 1958; he finished second in the Democratic primary behind Cowboy Pink Williams with 80,727 votes (18.77%) to Williams' 176,171 votes (40.97%). Nigh defeated Williams in the runoff with 302,050 votes (61.32%) to 190,530 (38.68%). Williams himself had finished second behind incumbent Lieutenant Governor James E. Berry in the 1954 Democratic primary, before besting him in the runoff. In the general election, Nigh beat Republican George B. Sherritt in a landslide by 384,431 votes (76.86%) to 100,068 (20.01%). Nigh served from January 12, 1959 to January 3, 1963. Taking office at age 31, he became the youngest lieutenant governor in the United States.
Democratic Governor J. Howard Edmondson was term-limited in the 1962 election, so Nigh ran to succeed him. He came fourth in the Democratic primary with 84,404 votes (15.80%), behind National Commander of the American Legion Preston J. Moore, businessman W. P. Atkinson and former Governor Raymond Gary. Atkinson went on to win the runoff and lose the general election to Republican Henry Louis Bellmon, but Nigh would get a chance to serve as governor. Democratic U.S. Senator Robert S. Kerr died in office on January 1, 1963 and Edmondson resigned his office 5 days later; Nigh succeeded him as governor for the remaining days of the term only to appoint him to the vacant Senate seat. On 14 January, Bellmon took office as governor.
Nigh ran for Lieutenant Governor again in 1966. He was unopposed in the Democratic primary in this and his re-election efforts, winning in 1966 with 328,580 votes (51.50%); in 1970 with 382,249 votes (57.41%) and in 1974 with 545,686 votes (72.36%). In 1970 he beat future district judge Ralph Gordon Thompson. Nigh served as the tenth lieutenant governor from January 9, 1967 to January 3, 1979, making him the second longest-serving Oklahoma lieutenant governor in state history with 16 years of service. In 1969, during his time serving as Lieutenant Governor, Nigh assisted a number of college students with the creation and founding of the “Oklahoma Intercollegiate Legislature” (O.I.L.), which still functions today as a collegiate model government program with delegations at over 20 colleges and universities across the state.
When incumbent governor David Boren chose not to seek reelection, Nigh ran for Governor again in 1978. He came first in the Democratic primary with 276,910 votes (49.94%), narrowly short of avoiding a runoff against Oklahoma Attorney General Larry Derryberry, who took 208,055 votes (37.53%). However, in the runoff, Nigh defeated him easily, with 269,681 votes (57.73%) to Derryberry's 197,457 (42.27%). Nigh defeated Republican Ron Shotts in the general election with 402,240 votes (51.74%) to Shotts' 367,055 (47.22%) and thereby became the first Oklahoma Governor to serve a second term. Nigh took office five days early, as a result of outgoing Governor David Boren's swearing-in as a U.S. Senator. He ran for a second term in 1982 becoming the third Governor to do so, and defeated token opposition in the Democratic primary with 379,301 votes (82.63%) as well as Republican State Auditor Tom Daxon in the general election by 548,159 votes (62.07%) to 332,207 (37.62%), carrying all 77 of the state's counties. It was the first reelection of an Oklahoma Governor. At the inaugural address for his second full term, Nigh quoted the Pogo comic strip "We have found the enemy, and he is us."
Executive Branch Reform Act of 1986Edit
Nigh appointed the Nigh Commission to recommend changes to state government. During his two consecutive terms of office, Nigh signed the Executive Branch Reform Act of 1986, which regrouped the executive branch into agency function categories, although stopping short of consolidation of the more than 250 agencies, boards, and commissions. Nigh also signed into law the Oklahoma Franchise Tax Code, which established the franchise tax in Oklahoma.
Nigh is also credited with increasing the numbers of minorities serving on state boards and commissions, as well as management of state agencies. He appointed the first two women, Yvonne Kauger and Alma Wilson to serve as Justices of the Oklahoma Supreme Court.
Following his term as governor, he served as President of the University of Central Oklahoma from 1992 to 1997. During his tenure as UCO president, Nigh supervised construction projects that transformed the institution from a mostly commuter institution to much more of a regional university with residential dormitories.
In 1990, he was inducted into the Oklahoma CareerTech Hall of Fame and in 1992, he received the Jim Thorpe Lifetime Achievement Award. From November, 2005 to April, 2006, he served as Interim Director of the Oklahoma Department of Tourism and Recreation, during the agency's search for a permanent director. Nigh and his wife Donna appeared in walk-on roles in episode # 19 of the NBC soap opera Texas (playing themselves as Governor and First Lady of Oklahoma). The episode aired in August 1980. Cast member Lisby Larson (Paige Marshall) serenaded the couple with a rendition of "Oklahoma!". On April 28, 2010, Nigh and his wife were robbed at gunpoint in the driveway of their northwest Oklahoma City home. They were uninjured, though Nigh's wallet was taken. No suspect has been found.
- Burke, Bob. ""Nigh, George Patterson (1927– )." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- Governor George P. Nigh, 100 Years of Oklahoma Governors (accessed May 27, 2013)
- George Nigh CareerTech Hall of Fame Bio (accessed June 30, 2013)
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor - D Primary Race - Jul 01, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor - D Runoff Race - Jul 22, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 04, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - May 01, 1962". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 08, 1966". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 03, 1970". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 05, 1974". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Oklahoma Intercollegiate Legislature". Retrieved 27 April 2021.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - Aug 22, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Runoff Race - Sep 19, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor Race - Nov 07, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - Aug 24, 1982". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "Our Campaigns - OK Governor Race - Nov 02, 1982". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- Saylor, Ryan. "Former #OKGov #GeorgeNigh robbed at gunpoint" Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Midnight PoliticsApril 29, 2010. Retrieved 04-29-10.
- Voices of Oklahoma interview with George Nigh. First person interview conducted on May 1, 2009 with George Nigh.
Cowboy Pink Williams
| Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
January 12, 1959–January 3, 1963
J. Howard Edmondson
| Governor of Oklahoma
January 3, 1963-January 14, 1963
| Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
January 9, 1967–January 8, 1979
| Governor of Oklahoma
January 8, 1979–January 12, 1987
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
| Earliest Serving Governor Still Living