- For other people named George McGill, see George McGill (Arkansas politician) and George McGill (RCAF officer).
|United States Senator|
December 1, 1930 – January 3, 1939
|Preceded by||Henry J. Allen|
|Succeeded by||Clyde M. Reed|
|Born||February 12, 1879|
Russell, Iowa, U.S.
|Died||May 14, 1963 (aged 84)|
Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
Born in Lucas County, Iowa, he moved with his parents to Kansas when he was 5. He graduated from Central Normal College in Great Bend, Kansas at the turn of the century and was admitted to the state bar two years later. McGill then moved to Wichita, Kansas where he was made Deputy County Attorney and then County Attorney for Sedgwick County, Kansas. He was elected to the United States Senate on November 4, 1930 to replace Charles Curtis, who resigned to become Vice President of the United States. Former Governor Henry J. Allen was appointed to fill the seat until a successor was elected.
In the Senate, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Pensions and was particularly involved in the Agricultural Adjustment Act. He was reelected in 1932 but lost reelection bids in 1938, 1942, 1948 and 1954. McGill was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a member of the U.S. Tariff Commission, a post he held until 1954. He died in St. Francis Hospital in Wichita in 1963 and was buried in Pawnee Rock Cemetery, in Pawnee Rock, Kansas.
Kansas has elected only three Democratic U.S. Senators; McGill is the only one of the three both to be elected by popular vote (as opposed to election by the State Legislature) and to serve more than one 6-year term, the others being John Martin and William Thompson. McGill is the last Democrat to serve in the U.S. Senate from Kansas; the state has been exclusively represented in the Senate by Republicans since 1939, the longest such active streak for either party in the country.