George Greville, 4th Earl of Warwick

George Guy Greville, 4th Earl of Warwick, 4th Earl Brooke (28 March 1818 – 2 December 1893), styled Lord Brooke from 1818 to 1853, was an English Tory politician, bibliophile and collector.

The Earl of Warwick
Member of Parliament for South Warwickshire
In office
1845–1853
Preceded bySir John Mordaunt
Evelyn John Shirley
Succeeded byEvelyn Philip Shirley
Lord Guernsey
Personal details
Born
George Guy Greville

(1818-03-18)18 March 1818
Berkeley Square, London
Died2 December 1893(1893-12-02) (aged 75)
Warwick Castle
Political partyTory
Spouse
Anne Charteris
(after 1852)
RelationsJohn Savile, 2nd Earl of Mexborough (grandfather)
Parent(s)Henry Greville, 3rd Earl of Warwick
Sarah Elizabeth Monson, Lady Monson (formerly Lady Sarah Elizabeth Savile)
Alma materSt John's College, Oxford

Early lifeEdit

 
George Guy Greville, Lord Brooke, as a Child, by John Bradley, c. 1819.

Greville was born in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London. He was the only child of Henry Greville, 3rd Earl of Warwick, and the former Lady Sarah Elizabeth Savile, eldest daughter of John Savile, 2nd Earl of Mexborough.[1]

He was educated at St John's College, Oxford, from where he obtained a BA in 1839.[2]

CareerEdit

He was Member of Parliament (MP) for South Warwickshire from 1845 to 1853, when he succeeded to the peerage.[1] He served as honorary colonel to the Warwickshire Yeomanry cavalry, and as A.D.C. to Queen Victoria.[3]

He joined the Canterbury Association on 11 February 1850 and was, from the day of joining, a member of the management committee.[1]

CollectorEdit

Lord Warwick was also a prolific contributor to the improvements of Warwick Castle during the nineteenth century. Alongside his artistic wife, Anne Charteris 4th Countess of Warwick, he oversaw the redecoration of the castle's Great Hall and domestic apartments after the fire of 1871. The celebrated architect Anthony Salvin was employed to rebuild the hall in the typical Victorian 'Gothic' taste, embellished with stained glass to achieve the effect of a medieval baronial hall. The domestic apartments were also redesigned, with each room assigned a different 'historical' style, typical of the nineteenth century interest in the 'Romantic Interior'.

Known as a prolific collector of books, Lord Warwick established a Shakespeare Library at Warwick Castle with the help of James Halliwell-Phillipps during the years 1852–1870. The entire contents of the library was sold after his death in 1897 to the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C.[4]

Lord Warwick was also a great collector of arms and armour, most of which was purchased through the legendary New Bond Street dealer and forger Samuel Luke Pratt (1805–1878). Many of the greatest pieces were acquired by Pratt from the dispersed collection of Samuel Rush Meyrick and later sold to Greville. Alongside original pieces Pratt sold the Earl several Victorian forgeries, a practise that was fairly common place of dealers in Antique furniture and arms and armour at the time.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

On 18 February 1852, he married Anne Charteris (1829–1903),[1] daughter of Francis Wemyss-Charteris, 9th Earl of Wemyss. They had five children:[3]

He died at Warwick Castle on 2 December 1893.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Bain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. p. 37. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Warwick, Earl of (GB, 1759)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p.2519
  4. ^ "On Display: A First Folio of Shakespeare". Folger Shakespeare Library. 9 December 2014.
  5. ^ Boase, F., Modern English biography, 6 vols, 1892–1921

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for South Warwickshire
1845–1853
With: Evelyn John Shirley to 1849
Lord Guernsey from 1849
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Earl of Warwick
4th creation
1853–1893
Succeeded by