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George Fenton (born George Richard Ian Howe; 19 October 1950) is an English composer best known for his work writing film scores and music for television such as for the BBC series The Blue Planet and Planet Earth.
George Fenton in 1969
|Birth name||George Richard Ian Howe|
19 October 1950 |
Fenton was born in London and attended St Edward's School in Oxford where "he learnt his music" from Peter Whitehouse. He has no further formal training in music. Fenton's involvement with St Edward's continued as an adult and he has been a governor of the school since 1998.
Initially Fenton worked as an actor, getting an early break in 1968 with a part in Alan Bennett's first West End play Forty Years On. He had some success as an actor in the early 1970s appearing in the film Private Road, in Alan Bennett's first television play A Day Out directed by Stephen Frears, and in the soap opera Emmerdale Farm.
In 1969 Fenton tried his hand as a recording artist with a cover of The Beatles song "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" and recorded piano for the folk group The Peelers on their Polydor LP "Banished Misfortune". In 1973 he dabbled in band management helping to get the folk-rock band Hunter Muskett a recording contract with Bradley's Records.
While working as an actor Fenton was frequently asked by directors to play an instrument and he decided on a career switch to composing music.
Throughout the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s Fenton worked frequently as a composer for theatre productions. He continued to collaborate regularly with Peter Gill. Between 1974 and 1981 Fenton composed for 9 of Gill's productions; 4 of these were at the Riverside Studios theatre where Gill was appointed artistic director in 1976, while the following 3 were at the National Theatre after Gill became Associate Director in 1980.
During this period Fenton also worked regularly at the Belgrade Theatre, composing for 3 of their productions in 1976 and another 3 in 1978, and in 1981 he collaborated with Adrian Noble on 3 productions at the Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester.
He continued to work with the prestigious Royal Shakespeare Company composing for 4 of their productions between 1981 and 1985, working again with Adrian Noble on Anthony and Cleopatra in 1982, and most recently with Othello in 1999 directed by Michael Attenborough.
Since the mid 1980s Fenton's theatre work has become sporadic, just 7 productions since 1987, as opposed to over 100 television and film scores. From time to time he still composes for the theatre, often when working with long-term collaborators such as Richard Eyre (The Judas Kiss, 1998 and Last Cigarette, 2009), and Nicholas Hytner (Untold Stories, 2013, based on Alan Bennett's autobiographical work of the same name). His most unusual theatre work occurred in 1992 when he wrote the music for Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, a dinner theater show at Disneyland Paris which The New York Times described as a "fake-rodeo-cum-dinner-theater" and the "indisputable highlight in the live performance category".
By the late 1970s Fenton was working regularly in television, becoming a popular choice of composer for dozens of television productions. These included Shoestring, a BBC police drama which ran for 21 episodes in 1979–80, and Bergerac, which ran for a decade from 1981 to 1991, and for which he won a BAFTA in 1982.
He composed the music for all six of the LWT television plays by Alan Bennett, which were broadcast during 1978 and 1979 and are collectively known as Six Plays by Alan Bennett. Their collaboration continued with the TV series Objects of Affection in 1982. A year later he composed the score of Bennett's TV film An Englishman Abroad (1983) which was directed by John Schlesinger. Fenton also composed for all of the episodes of Bennett's highly acclaimed Talking Heads series in 1988 and, a decade later, Talking Heads 2 in 1998.
During this period Fenton also frequently collaborated with the director Stephen Frears, composing for his television productions of Bloody Kids (1980), Going Gently (1981), Walter (1982) and Saigon: Year of the Cat (1983).
Fenton has composed for a number of notable wildlife television programmes, often collaborating with the wildlife broadcaster David Attenborough and nature documentary filmmaker Alastair Fothergill. He started on the BBC's long-running series Wildlife on One and Natural World, and continued with specials such as Polar Bear.
He has spoken of how much he likes composing for wildlife programmes. In 2012 he said with reference to The Blue Planet: "The minute I heard the title I was sold. I just thought it was so great that I turned down the offer of doing another film in the States and flew straight back home."
Since 1990 he has written the music for a number of acclaimed big budget wildlife series.
- The Trials of Life (1990)
- Life in the Freezer (1993)
- The Blue Planet (2001)
- Deep Blue (2003) (feature-length version of The Blue Planet)
- Planet Earth (2006)
- Earth (2007) (feature-length version of Planet Earth)
- Frozen Planet (2011)
His track record in this genre has placed him firmly as the BBC's composer of choice for its flagship wildlife programmes.
Television and radio jinglesEdit
Fenton has composed the jingles or theme music to dozens of British television and radio programs, mostly for the BBC. Some of these are; the BBC's One O'Clock News, Six O'Clock News, and Nine O'Clock News, Newsnight and Newsnight Review, On the Record, Omnibus, BBC Breakfast Time, BBC World Service Television News, Westminster – In The House, Reporting Scotland, London Plus, Midday News, Telly Addicts and Daily Politics. For the radio, he composed the old theme for BBC Radio 4's PM programme.
George Fenton is also known as a composer of film scores. He has written the music for over one hundred feature films and has collaborated with some of the most influential film makers of the late 20th century.
His film scoring as a professional composer began in 1982 with Richard Attenborough's biopic Gandhi for which he was nominated—with his collaborator, Ravi Shankar—for the Academy Award for Original Music Score. Fenton's career as a composer of film scores owes a debt of gratitude to Attenborough's asking him to compose for Gandhi. Fenton said of him in a 2014 interview: "He always made me feel incredibly secure with what he was doing. He loves music, and he’s very musical." Fenton wrote another four film scores for Attenborough's films; Cry Freedom (1987), Shadowlands (1993), In Love and War (1996), and Grey Owl (1999).
He has also frequently worked with the theatre and film director Nicholas Hytner, writing the score for all six of the movies that Hytner has directed. These are: The Madness of King George (1994), The Crucible (1996), The Object of My Affection (1998), Center Stage (2000), The History Boys (2006), and The Lady in the Van (2015). The latter three of these allowed Fenton to collaborate once again with their writer Alan Bennett. Although Fenton composed the original music of five of these films, for The Madness of King George he instead adapted and arranged the music of Handel.
Fenton's long-standing collaboration with Stephen Frears has not been limited to television productions. Fenton has scored four of Frear's feature films: Dangerous Liaisons (1988), Hero (1992), Mary Reilly (1996), and Mrs Henderson Presents (2005). He has also worked with director Neil Jordan; scoring The Company of Wolves (1984), High Spirits (1988), and We're No Angels (1989).
Fenton has scored more feature films for Ken Loach than for any other filmmaker; by 2015, a total of fourteen. This started in 1994 with Ladybird, Ladybird; then, in chronological order: Land and Freedom (1995), Carla's Song (1996), My Name Is Joe (1998), Bread and Roses (2000), The Navigators (2001), Sweet Sixteen (2002), Ae Fond Kiss... (2004), The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) which won the Palme d'Or at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival, It's a Free World... (2007), Looking for Eric (2009), The Angels' Share (2012), the documentary film The Spirit of '45 (2013), and, most recently, Jimmy's Hall (2014).
Fenton has developed other long-standing collaborations with filmmakers, scoring several films each for directors as diverse as: Harold Ramis, Nora Ephron, Phil Joanou, Andy Tennant, and many others. These include Hussy (1980), Runners (1983), Clockwise (1986), 84 Charing Cross Road (1987), White Mischief (1988), A Handful of Dust (1988), The Dressmaker (1988), Memphis Belle (1990), The Long Walk Home (1990), The Fisher King (1991), Final Analysis (1992), Groundhog Day (1993), Born Yesterday (1993), Mixed Nuts (1994), Heaven's Prisoners (1996), Multiplicity (1996), You've Got Mail (1998), Anna and the King (1999), Bewitched (2005), Fool's Gold (2008), and The Bounty Hunter (2010).
Awards and nominationsEdit
- 1983 Nominated Best Original Score for: Gandhi
- 1988 Nominated Best Original Score and Best Original Song both for: Cry Freedom
- 1989 Nominated Best Original Score for: Dangerous Liaisons
- 1992 Nominated Best Original Score for: The Fisher King
- 1981 Nominated BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: Shoestring (Also for: Bloody Kids, Fox)
- 1982 Won BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: Bergerac (Also for: The History Man, Going Gently, the BBC news theme)
- 1983 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Score for: Gandhi
- 1985 Nominated BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: The Jewel in the Crown
- 1987 Won BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: The Monocled Mutineer
- 1988 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Score for: Cry Freedom
- 1989 Nominated BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: Talking Heads
- 1990 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Original Film Score for: Dangerous Liaisons
- 1991 Nominated BAFTA Film Award Best Original Film Score for: Memphis Belle
- 1991 Nominated BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: The Trials of Life
- 1994 Nominated BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: Life in the Freezer
- 1996 Nominated Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music for: The Madness of King George
- 2002 Won BAFTA TV Award Best Original Television Music for: The Blue Planet
- 2006 Nominated Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music for: Mrs Henderson Presents
- 2002 Won Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Music Composition for a Series for: The Blue Planet -Seas of Life: Ocean World
- 2005 Nominated Primetime Emmy Outstanding Music Composition for: Pride
- 2007 Won Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Music Composition for: Planet Earth - From Pole to Pole
- 1988 Nominated Golden Globe Best Original Score - Motion Picture for: Cry Freedom
- 2000 Nominated Golden Globe Best Original Score - Motion Picture for: Anna and the King
- 2000 Nominated Golden Globe Best Original Song - Motion Picture for: Anna and the King
- 1984 Nominated Grammy Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special for: Gandhi
- 1989 Nominated Grammy Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television for: Cry Freedom
Ivor Novello AwardsEdit
- Nominated Best Film Score for: Anna and the King
- Nominated Best Film Score for: Ever After
- Won Best Film Score for: Shadowlands
- Nominated Best Film Score for: Final Analysis
- Won Best Film Score for: Cry Freedom
- Nominated Best Film Score for: The Company of Wolves
- Won Best Film Score for: Gandhi
- Nominated Best Original TV Music for: The Blue Planet
- Won Best Original TV Music for: The Monocled Mutineer
- Won Best Original TV Music for: The Jewel in the Crown
- Nominated Best Original TV Music for: No Country for Old Men
- Nominated Best Original TV Music for: Omnibus
- Nominated Best Original TV Music for: Fox
- Nominated Best Original TV Music for: Shoestring
Film & TV Music AwardsEdit
- 2007 Won Film & TV Music Award for Best Score for a Documentary Film or Television Program (Planet Earth)
- In 2007 Fenton was awarded a fellowship of the British Academy of Composers & Songwriters, which presents the Ivor Novello awards.
Fenton founded the Association of Professional Composers which later amalgamated with the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors and with the Composers' Guild of Great Britain to become the British Academy of Composers & Songwriters. He is a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and is a visiting professor at the Royal College of Music and the University of Nottingham.
He composed the score for "Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show" – a dinner show recreating the experience of the famous world travelling show of Buffalo Bill. The dinner show was created exclusively for the Disneyland Resort Paris and opened together with the resort (then EuroDisney Resort) on 12 April 1992. A recording was released by Walt Disney Records/Sony Records in France but is long out of print.
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- "Hymn". nationaltheatre.org.uk. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
- George Fenton, Desert Island Discs - BBC Radio 4, BBC, retrieved 2015-12-16
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- "GEORGE HOWE - Maxwell's Silver Hammer (1969) - Beatles cover". youtube.com. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
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- "Mrs Henderson Presents at Theatre Royal, Bath". thetimes.co.uk. The Times. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Stage Version of Mrs. Henderson Presents Will Premiere in Summer 2015". playbill.com. Playbill. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
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- Stoner, David (August 5, 2013), George Fenton on the Company of Wolves, CinemaScore
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- "Acclaimed composer George Fenton on why he likes it when no one remembers his music". walesonline.co.uk. 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- "George Fenton brings his acclaimed score for The Blue Planet to London for one-off Live Show". BBC. 2014-11-08. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- "George Fenton - films spanning the Atlantic". mfiles.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- "How writing PM theme made composer 'very nervous'". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- Film Scores, georgefentonmusic.com, retrieved 2015-12-15
- Greiving, Tim (2014-01-21), The Music of Shadowlands: A 20th Anniversary Interview with George Fenton, Tim Greiving, retrieved 2015-12-15
- "The Madness of King George (1994)". IMDb. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- George Fenton on IMDb
- George Fenton at AllMusic
- George Fenton discography at Discogs
- George Fenton discography at MusicBrainz
- British Film Institute, Film and TV credits
- British Academy of Composers and Songwriters
- The Gorfaine / Schwartz Agency PDF file
- Desert Island Discs
- George Fenton's The Blue Planet Live!