Sir George Cathcart
General Sir George Cathcart
|Born||12 May 1794|
|Died||5 November 1854 (aged 60)|
|Years of service||1810–1854|
|Commands held||4th Division|
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
He was born in Renfrewshire, son of William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart. After receiving his education at Eton and in Edinburgh, he was commissioned into the Life Guards in 1810. In 1813 he went to Russia to serve as aide-de-camp to his father, who was ambassador and military commissioner. George Cathcart was present at the battles between the Russian and the French army in 1813 and he followed the Russian army through Europe, entering Paris in March 1814.
When Napoleon returned in 1815, Cathcart served as aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington and was present at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. After the war he was commissioned in the 7th Hussars, promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1826. He then joined the 57th Regiment in 1828, the 8th Hussars in 1830 and the 1st Dragoon Guards in 1838. Cathcart was promoted to colonel in 1841.
He was killed during the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimean War, on 5 November 1854. His death was considered an act of ancestral spirits by the Xhosa and helped to legitimize their cattle-killing movement.
The town of Cathcart, Eastern Cape, South Africa is named for him.
- George Cathcart, Commentaries on the War in Russia and Germany in 1812 and 1813, London: 1850.
Sir Harry Smith
| Governor of the Cape Colony
Sir Charles Henry Darling, acting
Sir George Brown
| Adjutant General
Sir George Wetherall
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