George Cathcart

British Army general
Sir George Cathcart
Лорд Каткарт.jpg
General Sir George Cathcart
Born (1794-05-12)12 May 1794
Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died 5 November 1854(1854-11-05) (aged 60)
Inkerman, Crimea
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1810–1854
Rank General
Commands held 4th Division
Battles/wars

Napoleonic Wars

War of the Seventh Coalition

Xhosa Wars
Crimean War

Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General The Honourable Sir George Cathcart GCB (12 May 1794 – 5 November 1854) was a British general and diplomat.

Military careerEdit

He was born in Renfrewshire, son of William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart. After receiving his education at Eton and in Edinburgh, he was commissioned into the Life Guards in 1810. In 1813 he went to Russia to serve as aide-de-camp to his father, who was ambassador and military commissioner. George Cathcart was present at the battles between the Russian and the French army in 1813 and he followed the Russian army through Europe, entering Paris in March 1814.[1]

When Napoleon returned in 1815, Cathcart served as aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington and was present at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo. After the war he was commissioned in the 7th Hussars, promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1826. He then joined the 57th Regiment in 1828, the 8th Hussars in 1830 and the 1st Dragoon Guards in 1838. Cathcart was promoted to colonel in 1841.[1]

In 1852 to 1853, as Governor of the Cape of Good Hope,[2] he granted the first constitution to the colony, ended the 8th Cape Frontier War and crushed the Basutos.[1]

In 1853 he was appointed Adjutant-General to the Forces.[3]

He was killed during the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimean War, on 5 November 1854.[1]

The town of Cathcart, Eastern Cape, South Africa is named for him.

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. 

  1. ^ a b c d Victorian Web
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21283. p. 161. 10 January 1852. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21503. p. 3683. 16 December 1853. Retrieved 2009-11-14.

BibliographyEdit

  • George Cathcart, Commentaries on the War in Russia and Germany in 1812 and 1813, London: 1850.
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Harry Smith
Governor of the Cape Colony
1852–1853
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Henry Darling, acting
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir George Brown
Adjutant General
1853–1854
Succeeded by
Sir George Wetherall