George C. Read
George Campbell Read (January 9, 1788 – August 22, 1862) was a United States Naval Officer who served on Old Ironsides during the War of 1812 and commanded vessels in actions off the Barbary Coast and India. Read eventually rose to the rank of rear admiral.
|George C. Read|
Photograph of George C. Read
taken shortly before his death in 1862.
January 9, 1788|
|Died||August 22, 1862
|Place of burial||Laurel Hill Cemetery Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1804–1862|
|Commands held||USS Chippewa
Philadelphia Naval Asylum
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
George Campbell Read was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States at an early age. (Some references give his birthplace as Glastonbury, Connecticut.) At the age of 16, Read entered service in the United States Navy as a midshipman on April 2, 1804.
Read first joined the crew of the USS Constitution (aka Old Ironsides) in 1806 under the command of his uncle, Captain Hugh G. Campbell. Early in his service, because of his relationship with the captain, he was suspected of being an informant concerning a fight between two lieutenants: Melancthon Taylor Woolsey and William Burrows. For a long time, Woolsey and the other officers shunned Read who endured the treatment without complaint. When it was eventually learned that it was the captain's clerk and not Read who had informed, Woolsey apologized to him and asked why he remained silent about the real informant. Read replied, "That would have been doing the very thing for which you blamed me, Mr. Woolsey: turning informer." Thereafter, Woolsey referred to this incident as an example of Read's great self-restraint and self-respect.
On April 25, 1810, after six years of service, Read was promoted to Lieutenant, and he served aboard the USS Constitution under Commodore Isaac Hull during the War of 1812. When the Constitution defeated the British warship HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812, he was detailed by Hull to board the English vessel and accept her surrender. Two months later, on October 25, Read was serving under Commodore Stephen Decatur aboard the USS United States when they defeated the British warship HMS Macedonian. As a lieutenant, Read commanded the brig USS Chippewa during the Algerian War of 1815. He was promoted to Commander in 1816, and served in the Mediterranean and off the coast of Africa. After a promotion to captain in 1825, he took command of the USS Constitution. From 1838 to 1839 Read took part in retaliatory actions against the pirates and raiders who preyed on American shipping in India. he commanded the Second Sumatran Expedition which was undertaken in response to the massacre of the merchant ship Eclipse.
From 1839 to 1846, Read commanded the Philadelphia Naval School. As commander there, he served on a Naval board with Commodores Thomas ap Catesby Jones, Matthew C. Perry, and Captains Elie A. F. La Vallette and Isaac Mayo for the examination of midshipmen entitled to promotion. He next commanded the African Squadron from 1846 to 1847 and the Mediterranean Squadron from 1847 to 1849. When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, Read was again in charge of the Philadelphia Naval Asylum. Read was promoted to rear admiral in July 1862. He died one month later, on August 22, after 58 years of Naval service. He is buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Captain Richard Dale, died on March 1, 1863 and was buried beside him.
USS Commodore ReadEdit
The naval patrol ship USS Commodore Read was named in honor of Read. Formerly a ferryboat, it was purchased by the Navy on 19 August 1863, refitted at New York Navy Yard and commissioned on 8 September 1863. The ship served with the Potomac Flotilla during the American Civil War until 20 July 1865.
- "Read, George C. (George Campbell), 1787-1862". Library of Congress Name Authority File. Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 671.
- The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, For the Year 1863, Vol 17. Albany, New York: New England Historic Genealogical Society. 1863. p. 147.
- Edward W. Callahan, ed. List of Officers of the Navy of the United States and the Marine Corps from 1775 to 1900. New York: L. R. Hamersly, 1901.
- Cooper, James Fennimore, Melancthon Taylor Woolsey, Lives of Distinguished American Naval Officers, 1846, republished 2006 ISBN 1-60105-009-7
- "Find A Grave". George Campbell Read. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- Taylor, Fitch Waterman (1840). The Flag-ship: Or, A Voyage Around the World in the United States Frigate Columbia... Volume 2 of The Flag Ship, Or: A Voyage Around the World, in the United States Frigate Columbia; Attended by Her Consort the Sloop of War John Adams, and Bearing the Broad Pennant of Commodore George C. Read, Fitch Waterman Taylor. D. Appleton and Company. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
Edmund P. Kennedy
|Commander, East India Squadron
14 December 1837–13 June 1840