George Brown (admiral)
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|Born||June 19, 1835|
|Died||June 29, 1913 (aged 78)|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1849–1897|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
He served throughout the Civil War, first as inspector of ordnance for the Powhatan (rank lieutenant), then as commander of the Octorara with the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, during which time he was promoted to lieutenant commander. He especially distinguished himself on the night of February 24, 1863, when, in command of the river gunboat Indianola at Palmyra Island, he defended himself for an hour and a half against four Confederate gunboats. He was wounded and taken prisoner, and his vessel was destroyed. He was held at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia until exchanged in May 1863. He commandeered and armed the civilian vessel Union at Marion, Indiana for defense against Morgan's Raiders in July 1863. Later he commanded the Itasca at the Battle of Mobile Bay in 1864.
After the war, he conveyed the former CSS Stonewall to Japan, to which it had been sold. He also was elected a First Class Companion of the Indiana Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
In June and July 1891 he was in Chilean waters involved in the Itata Incident which was a diplomatic affair and military incident involving the United States and Chile during the 1891 Chilean Civil War. The incident concerned an attempted arms shipment by the rebel ship Itata from the U.S. to Chile. He was accused by opponents of the administration of having gone beyond his public orders to become involved in intrigues with the combatants. Theodore Roosevelt defends Brown from these charges in his book, Campaigns and Controversies.
He commanded the naval forces in the Philippines in 1889–92, and the Norfolk Navy Yard in 1886–90, and again in 1893–97, when he retired. Two of his sons, George, Jr. and Hugh, became officers in the U.S. Navy.
Dates of rankEdit
- Midshipman – 5 February 1849
- Passed midshipman – 12 June 1855
- Master – 16 September 1855
- Lieutenant – 2 June 1856
- Lieutenant commander – 16 July 1862
- Commander – 25 July 1866
- Captain – 25 April 1877
- Commodore – 4 September 1887
- Rear admiral – 27 September 1893
- Retired list – 19 June 1897
- Roosevelt, pp. 152–54.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty
- Roosevelt, Theodore. Campaigns and Controversies. Kessinger Publishing, 2005.
- The Union Army, Vol VII, The Navy, pp. 17–18
- Indiana in the Civil War website, entry for George Brown