George Berkeley (British Army officer)

General Sir George Henry Frederick Berkeley KCB (9 July 1785 – 25 September 1857) was a British Army officer and Conservative politician.

Sir George Berkeley
Born(1785-07-09)9 July 1785
Died25 September 1857(1857-09-25) (aged 72)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
RankGeneral
Commands heldMadras Army
Battles/warsWaterloo Campaign
Crimean War
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Military careerEdit

Berkeley was the eldest son of Admiral the Hon. Sir George Cranfield Berkeley, third son of Augustus Berkeley, 4th Earl of Berkeley. His mother was Lady Emilia Charlotte, daughter of Lord George Lennox.

At the start of the Waterloo Campaign of 1815, he was the Duke of Wellington's liaison officer at the Prince of Orange's headquarters.[1] He was also created KCB in 1815. He became Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army in 1848[2] and Surveyor-General of the Ordnance in 1852.[3]

He was given the colonelcy of the 81st Regiment of Foot in 1844,[4] transferring in 1845 to the 35th Regiment of Foot, a position he held until his death.[5] He was promoted full general on 20 June 1854.[6]

Political careerEdit

Berkeley was returned to Parliament for Devonport in 1852, a seat he held until 1857.

FamilyEdit

Berkeley died in September 1857, aged 72.

He had married Lucy, daughter of Sir Thomas Sutton, 1st Baronet, in 1815. They had three sons and one daughter. His third son, George, succeeded as 7th Earl of Berkeley in 1882. Lady Berkeley died in February 1870.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Peter Hofschröer. Did the Duke of Wellington deceive his Prussian Allies in the Campaign of 1815?, p. 2 Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine, website of A. W. Cockerill, Retrieved 18 October 2009)
  2. ^ Memoranda on the Kaffir War in 1847. Communicated by Lieutenant General Sir G. Berkeley, K.C.B., Commander-In-Chief of the Madras Army. Extracted from the Madras Artillery Records. with a Map.
  3. ^ Harrovians of distinction
  4. ^ "81st (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 14 May 2006. Retrieved 2 August 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 15 July 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Military Gazette". The Spectator Archive. Retrieved 31 August 2016.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Tweeddale
C-in-C, Madras Army
1848–1851
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Armstrong
Preceded by
Charles Richard Fox
Surveyor-General of the Ordnance
1852–1853
Succeeded by
Hon. Lauderdale Maule
Preceded by
Sir Richard Downes Jackson
Colonel of the 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot
1845–1857
Succeeded by
Sir John Leslie
Preceded by
Sir Maurice Charles O'Connell
Colonel of the 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers)
1844–1845
Succeeded by
Sir Neil Douglas
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Tufnell
Sir John Romilly
Member of Parliament for Devonport
1852–1857
With: Henry Tufnell 1852–1854
Sir Thomas Erskine Perry 1854–1857
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Erskine Perry
James Wilson