Geographical regions of Turkey

The geographical regions of Turkey comprise seven regions (Turkish: bölge) which were originally defined at the country's First Geography Congress in 1941.[1] These seven regions are subdivided into twenty one sections (Turkish: bölüm), which are further split into numerous areas (Turkish: yöre) as defined by microclimate and bounded by local geographic formations.

Regions of Turkey
Türkiye'nin bölgeleri  (Turkish)
CategoryUnitary state
LocationTurkish Republic
Number7
Populations6,513,106 (Eastern Anatolia) – 26,650,405 (Marmara)
Areas59,176 km2 (22,848 sq mi) (Southeastern Anatolia Region) –
165,436 km2 (63,875 sq mi) (Eastern Anatolia Region)
Government
Subdivisions
Map of the geographic regions, color-coded, with national (gray) and provincial borders (white).
List of geographical regions

"Regions" as defined in this context are merely for geographic, demographic, and economic purposes, and do not refer to an administrative division.

Regions and subregionsEdit

Region Capital Area (km2) Provinces (Counties) Population Location
Aegean Region Izmir 85,000 8 10,477,153  
Black Sea Region Trabzon 143,537 18 7,696,132  
Central Anatolia Region Ankara 163,057 13 12,896,255  
Eastern Anatolia Region Van 165,436 14 6,513,106  
Marmara Region Istanbul 67,000 11 26,650,405  
Mediterranean Region Antalya 122,927 8 10,584,506  
Southeastern Anatolia Region Sanliurfa 59,176 9 8,576,391  


 
Aegean Region
 
Blacksea Region
 
Central Anatolia Region
 
Eastern Anatolia Region
 
Marmara Region
 
Mediterranean Region
 
Southeastern Anatolia Region

Distinctions of the regionsEdit

The Aegean Region has:

  • the longest coastline
 
Artvin Province, East of the Blacksea Region

The Black Sea Region has:

  • highest annual precipitation
  • largest forest area
  • fewest sunshine hours
  • most landslides
 
Cappadoccia and famous fairy chimneys rock formation

The Central Anatolia Region has:

  • lowest annual precipitation,
  • most erosion

The Eastern Anatolia Region has:

  • largest area
  • highest altitude
  • lowest annual temperature
  • coldest winters
  • highest temperature difference between seasons
  • most volcanic activity
  • smallest population
  • highest[vague] mineral resources
 
İstanbul is crowded city of the Marmara Region and all Turkey

The Marmara Region has:

  • smallest area
  • lowest altitude[dubious ]
  • most climate diversity
  • highest energy consumption,
  • coolest summers,
  • largest population
 
Mediterranean Region is well-known sea-tourism zone because of own climate

The Mediterranean Region has:

  • highest annual temperature
  • mildest winters
  • wettest winters,
  • most greenhouse farming

The Southeastern Anatolia Region has:

  • hottest summers
  • driest summers
  • smallest forest area
  • most sunshine hours

Population by regionEdit

Population by region (2021)[2]
Region Population
Marmara 26,650,405
Central Anatolia 12.896.255
Mediterranean 10.584.506
Aegean 10.477.153
Southeastern Anatolia 8.576.391
Black Sea 7.696.132
Eastern Anatolia 6.513.106

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Ali Yiğit, "Geçmişten Günümüze Türkiye'yi Bölgelere Ayıran Çalışmalar ve Yapılması Gerekenler", Ankara Üniversitesi Türkiye Coğrafyası Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi, IV. Ulural Coğrafya Sempozyumu, "Avrupa Birliği Sürecindeki Türkiye'de Bölgesel Farklılıklar", pp. 34–35. Archived 2012-03-31 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Türkiye'nin Nüfus Haritası". www.icisleri.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-08-19.