Genova (1953 film)

Genova is a 1953 Indian film, directed by F. Nagoor and produced by E. P. Eppan.[1] The film stars M. G. Ramachandran, B. S. Saroja in lead roles. The film had musical score by M. S. Viswanathan, Gnanamani, Kalyanam. It was filmed simultaneously in Malayalam and Tamil, with the Tamil version releasing two months after the Malayalam version.

Genova
Genova MGR.jpg
Poster of the Tamil version
Directed byF. Nagoor
Produced byE. P. Eppan
Written bySwami Brahmavruthan
Suratha (Tamil)
Elangovan (Tamil)
Nedumaran (Tamil)
Story bySwami Brahmavruthan
StarringM. G. Ramachandran
B. S. Saroja
P. S. Veerappa
M. G. Chakrapani
Music byM. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Gnanamani
T. A. Kalyanam
CinematographyJithan Banerjee
G. Vittal Rao
Edited byN. B. Nataraja Mudaliar
Production
company
Chandra Pictures
Distributed byChandra Pictures
Release date
  • 17 April 1953 (1953-04-17)
(Malayalam)
  • 1 June 1953 (1953-06-01)
(Tamil)
CountryIndia
Languages
  • Malayalam
  • Tamil

All the main roles in both languages were performed by the same artistes, except for the villain role enacted by Alleppey Vincent, which was done by P. S. Veerappa in the Tamil version. It is the one and only Malayalam film in which M.G.R. acted. It also is the debut of Malayalam film of actor M. G. Chakrapani, music director M. S. Viswanathan, lyricist and dialogues writer Swami Brahmavrathan, lyricist Pethambaram, and director F. Nagoor, M. G. Ramachandran, B. S. Saroja, M. G. Chakrapani, Alleppey Vincent, T. S. Durairaj.

Released in 1953, this film was scheduled as an Easter release. However, it finally hit the theatres 13 days after Easter. Despite the late release, Genova was a huge hit.

Genova was an adaptation of a musical opera (Sangeeta Natakam) that was staged in Kerala by prominent drama troupes under the titles Janova Natakam and Janova Parvam. Authored at the end of the 19th century-beginning of the 20th century by one of the doyens of the Malayalam musical operas, T. C. Achyuta Menon, this musical drama became very popular. It was itself a modern adaptation of the 18th century Johann Ernst Hanxleden's Janova Parvam, a Malayalam rendering of the popular Christian tale Genevieve of Brabant. The success of this drama and a Tamil film with a similar theme Gnana Soundari (1948) might have prompted the producer-director F. Nagoor to make this film. The story is a mix of myth and history. It had scenes about the glory of Mother Mary, the kind mother who descends to Earth in order to save her devotees etc. The film was remade in Tamil, which was released two months after the Malayalam release.

All the main roles in both the languages were performed by same artistes, except for the villain role enacted by Alleppey Vincent, which was done by P. S. Veerappa in the Tamil version. The presence of M. G. Ramachandran, B. S. Saroja, M. G. Chakrapani, T. S. Durairaj and others added star value. The dialogues of the Malayalam version were authored by the noted writer of musical operas, Swami Brahmavrathan. He also wrote the lyrics along with Peethambaram. The story, dialogues and even the comedy scenes of the film were exact copies of the successful musical opera Genova. Produced jointly by Eapen and F. Nagoor under the banner of Chandra Pictures the film was shot at Newton Studios, Madras. The film introduced M.G.R. – the super star of Tamil cinema – to Malayalam. Although Genova remains the only Malayalam film in which he acted. Music director M. S. Viswanathan, actor M. G. Chakrapani, lyricist and dialogue writer Swami Brahmavrathan, lyricist Peethambaram, and director F. Nagoor also made their Malayalam cinema debut in this film. The veteran actor of early Malayalam cinema and one of the pioneers of musical operas, Sebastian Kunju Bhagavathar dubbed for M.G.R. Probably, this was the first instance in Malayalam cinema where the voice of an actor was dubbed.

PlotEdit

Cipresso (M.G.R.), the brave king of Ardreena, weds princess Genova (B. S. Saroja). Soon after the wedding the king starts an expedition to the borders to suppress the enemies from the neighbouring kingdoms. Genova could not convey to the king the happy news that she is pregnant at the time when the king left for the war. Minister Golo's (Alleppey Vincent) wicked eyes are on Genova and making use of the situation he tries to molest her. The queen's faithful servant Garthoos intervenes and saves her. The minister manipulates the situation and the blame is put on the servant. Genova and Garthoos are imprisoned by the minister. Genova gives birth to a baby boy in the prison.

When Cipresso returns to the palace after a victorious war, Golo turns him against the queen framing the false charges against her. Cipresso believes Golo. Garthoos is sentenced to death and Genova is banished from the kingdom. In the forest, Mother Mary appears before Genova and blesses her. Genova leads the life of a saint. Golo plots to dethrone the king. He spreads the rumour that the king is insane and that the kingdom is in trouble. Cipresso is imprisoned and Golo takes over the reins of the kingdom. The army chief, Annas (M. G. Chakrapani) also lays hatches a plot to grab power. A few faithful servants of Cipresso free their king from the prison. Cipresso and his men attack Golo and in the ensuing fight Annas is killed and Golo escapes. Cipresso also comes to know that the queen is innocent. Cipresso goes on a search for Genova. In the forest, Golo and his men attack Cipresso. In the ensuing sword fight, Golo is killed and the wounded Cipresso falls down. The young prince, Genova's son, finds Cipresso and takes him to Genova's abode. In the end all the misunderstandings are cleared up.[2]

CastEdit

Genova (Malayalam) Jenova (Tamil)
King Cipresso (M. G. Ramachandran) King Cipresso (M. G. Ramachandran)
Princess Genova (B. S. Saroja) Princess Genova (B. S. Saroja)
Minister Golo (Alleppey Vincent) Minister Golo (P. S. Veerappa)
General Annas (M. G. Chakrapani) General Annas (M. G. Chakrapani)
S. P. Pillai
T. S. Durairaj Arcokiyam (T. S. Durairaj)

SoundtrackEdit

Music was composed by M. S. Viswanathan, M. S. Gnanamani and T. A. Kalyanam and lyrics were written by Suratha, Ramani and Rajamani.

Tamil Track listEdit

The playback singers consists of A. M. Rajah, P. Leela and A. P. Komala.

No. Songs Singers Length (m:ss)
1 "Thunai Neeye Dheva Thaaye" P. Leela 03:04
2 "Maalayin Velai" 03:12
3 "Kannukkul Minnal" A. M. Rajah, P. Leela 05:35
4 "Parithabam Illaiya" 04:27
5 "Kadhal Vaazhvil Naane" A. M. Rajah, P. Leela 03:04
6 "Aasai Alai Modhudhe" A. M. Rajah, P. Leela 03:31
7 "Seitha Paavathinalae .. Anaadaiyaippolavae Aaneney " A. M. Rajah 03:24
8 "Inbam Thollaiyo" 03:17
9 "Kanne Pinnal" 02:29
10 "Aanandham Aanandham" A. P. Komala
11 "Bam Bam Bama Silambam"

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit