Genji (元治) is a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Bunkyū and before Keiō. This period spanned only slightly more than a single year from March 1864 through April 1865.[1] The reigning emperor was Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇).

The new era name was derived from the I Ching.

Change of eraEdit

  • March 27, 1864 (Bunkyū 4/Genji 1, 20th day of the 2nd month) Genji gannen (元治元年): The new era name of Genji (meaning "original rule") was created to mark the beginning of a new 60-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac.[2] The old era ended and a new one commenced in Bunkyū 4.


  • July 8, 1864 (Genji 1, fifth day of the sixth month): The Ikedaya Jiken, also known as the Ikedaya Affair or Ikedaya Incident, developed at the Ikedaya ryokan in Kyoto.
  • August 12, 1864 (Genji 1, 11th day of the 7th month): Sakuma Shōzan is assassinated at age 53.[3] He had traveled from Edo to Kyoto on orders of the shogunate. He was in favor of steps which would lead to an opening of the country, but his voice was stilled by death at the hands of a sonno joi supporter.[4]
  • September 5–6, 1864 (Genji 1, 5th–6th day of the eighth month): Bombardment of Shimonoseki

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Genji" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 236, p. 236, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Griffis, William E. (1915). The Mikado: Institution and Person, p. 84.
  3. ^ Armstrong, Robert Cornell. (1914). Light from the East Or Studies in Japanese Confucianism, p. 192.
  4. ^ National Diet Library: Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures.


  • Armstrong, Robert Cornell. (1914). Light from the East Or Studies in Japanese Confucianism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. OCLC 220491442
  • Griffis, William E. (1915). The Mikado: Institution and Person. Princeton: Princeton University Press. OCLC 413118
  • Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Bunkyū (文久)
Era or nengō
Genji (元治)

27 March 1864 – 30 April 1865
Succeeded by
Keiō (慶応)