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General Inspector of the Armed Forces

General Inspector of the Armed Forces (Polish: Generalny Inspektor SZbrojnych; GISZ) was an office created in the Second Polish Republic in 1926, after the May Coup.

General Inspector of the Armed Forces
Generalny Inspektor Sił Zbrojnych
Flaga Generalnego Inspektora Sił Zbrojnych.svg
Flag of the GISZ
Jozef Pilsudski1.jpg
Józef Piłsudski
Polish Armed Forces
AbbreviationGISZ
Reports toThe President
ResidenceBelweder Palace, Warsaw
(Piłsudski)
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation27 August 1926
First holderJózef Piłsudski
Final holderBolesław Bronisław Duch
Abolished9 October 1980
SuccessionMilitary Council

The General Inspector reported directly to the President, and was not responsible to the Sejm (parliament) or the government. In the event of war, the General Inspector was to become the Commander-in-chief of the Polish Armed Forces.

Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939 and the post-war establishment of the Polish People's Republic, the position was retained by the Polish government-in-exile until 1980.

List of General InspectorsEdit

Second Polish RepublicEdit

No. General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1Piłsudski, JózefPierwszy Marszałek Polski
Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
27 August 192612 May 1935 †8 years, 258 days
2Rydz-Śmigły, EdwardMarszałek Polski
Edward Rydz-Śmigły
(1886–1941)
12 May 19357 November 19394 years, 179 days

Rydz-Śmigły went into exile on 18 September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland. Afterwards, all General Inspectors were in exile (and increasingly connected with educational activities such as cooperation with the Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum).

Polish government-in-exileEdit

No. General Inspector Took office Left office Time in office
1Sikorski, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
7 November 19394 July 1943 †3 years, 239 days
2Sosnkowski, Kazimierzgen. broni
Kazimierz Sosnkowski
(1885–1969)
8 July 194330 September 19441 year, 84 days
3Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895–1966)
[a]
30 September 19442 October 19442 days
-Anders, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Anders
(1892–1970)
Acting
2 October 19445 May 1945215 days
(3)Bór-Komorowski, Tadeuszgen.
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
(1895–1966)
5 May 19458 November 19461 year, 187 days
4Anders, Władysławgen. broni
Władysław Anders
(1892–1970)
8 November 194619548 years
5Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, Michałgen. broni
Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski
(1893–1964)
195422 May 1964 †10 years
6Dembiński, Stefangen. dyw.
Stefan Dembiński
(1887–1972)
196427 March 1972 †8 years
7Kopański, Stanisławgen. dyw.
Stanisław Kopański
(1895–1976)
197223 March 19764 years
8Bohusz-Szyszko, Zygmuntgen. dyw.
Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko
(1893–1982)
19 March 197619 February 19803 years, 337 days
9Duch, Bolesław Bronisławgen. dyw.
Bolesław Bronisław Duch
(1885–1980)
19 February 19809 October 1980 †233 days

Duch died on 9 October 1980. Afterwards, in place of the GISZ, a Military Council was created, led by gen. bryg. Klemens Rudnicki.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Commander of the Home Army, appointed as General Inspector during the Warsaw Uprising

See alsoEdit