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The National Code (Nepali: मुलुकी ऐन; Muluki Ain, literally: Nation's Code) is a single comprehensive code that includes criminal and civil code along with the code of procedures of Nepal. The National Code is scheduled to be replaced by the Muluki Criminal Code and Code of Procedures and the Muluki Civil Code and Code of Procedures on August 17, 2018. [1]

The National Code, 1963
मुलुकी ऐन, २०२०
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The National Code
CitationAct No. 67 of 2019 (1963)
Territorial extentWhole of Nepal
Enacted byHM the King Mahendra
Date enacted12 April 1963
Date of royal assent12 April 1963
Date commenced17 August 1963
National Code (First Amendment) Act, 1964
National Code (Second Amendment) Act, 1967
National Code (Third Amendment) Act, 1968
National Code (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1970
National Code (Fifth Amendment) Act, 1974
National Code (Sixth Amendment) Act, 1976
National Code (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1978
National Code (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1985
National Code (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1986
National Code (Tenth Amendment) Act, 1993
National Code (Eleventh Amendment) Act, 2002
National Code (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 2007
Repealing legislation
Contract Act, 1966
Evidence Act, 1974
Some Nepal Acts Repealing Act, 1990
Court Proceedings Related Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 1990
Children Act, 1992
Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 1993
Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 1999
Slaughtering House and Meat Inspection Act, 1999
Punishment Related Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 1999
Contract Act, 2000
Court Proceedings Related Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 2002
Some Nepal Acts Amendment Act, 2006
Some Nepal Acts to Maintain Gender Equality Amendment Act, 2006
Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal Laws Amendment Act, 2010
Status: Unknown


The Manav Nyaya Shastra (Nepali: मानव न्याय शास्त्र; literally: Human Justice Code) is the first codified law of Nepal. It was written during the Malla Dynasty in the 14th century. This is believed to be the root of structured law system in Nepal.


it was enacted by king Mahendra The General Code is divided into the following parts and chapters:

  • Preamble
  • Part 1
On Preliminary Matters
  • Part 2
Chapter 1: On Court Proceedings
Chapter 2: On Punishment
  • Part 3
Chapter 1: On Document Scrutiny
Chapter 2: On Guarantee
Chapter 3: On Bona Vacantia
Chapter 4: On Wages
Chapter 5: On Pauper
Chapter 6: On Lost and Found Quadruped
Chapter 7: On Trusts
Chapter 8: On Cultivation of Land
Chapter 9: On Land Evictions
Chapter 10: On Encroachment of Land
Chapter 11: On Construction of Buildings
Chapter 12: On Husband and Wife
Chapter 13: On Partition
Chapter 14: On Women's Share and Property
Chapter 15: On Adoption
Chapter 16: On Inheritance
Chapter 17: On General Transactions
Chapter 18: On Bailment
Chapter 19: On Donation and Gift
Chapter 20: On Insolvency/Bankruptcy
Chapter 21: On Registration of Deeds
Chapter 22: On Default of Payment
  • Part 4
Chapter 1: On Forged Document (Forgery)
Chapter 2: On Looting
Chapter 3: On Cheating
Chapter 4: On Theft/Stealing
Chapter 5: On Arson
Chapter 6: On Counterfeiting
Chapter 7: On Quadruped
Chapter 8: On Illegal Detention
Chapter 8A: On Kidnapping/Abduction and Hostage Taking
Chapter 9: On Hurt/Battery
Chapter 10: On Homicide
Chapter 11: On Human Trafficking
Chapter 12: On Medical Treatment
Chapter 13: On Intention of Sex
Chapter 14: On Rape
Chapter 15: On Incest
Chapter 16: On Bestiality
Chapter 17: On Marriage
Chapter 18: On Adultery
Chapter 19: On Decency/Etiquette
  • Part 5